Zululand, officially called the United Republics and Territories of Zululand and Southern Africa (URTZSA), is a major country in sub-Saharan Africa, and one of the world's most ethnically diverse. A federal state with 14 "associate republics" and an additional 10 "territories," Zululand is a multiethnic African nationalist state encompassing most of the southern third of the African continent. Formed in a series of bloody wars during the 1950's and 1960's, Zululand was created with the idea of an all-African country where various tribes would live together in harmony under a national government composed of representatives of those tribes, similar to Zanzibar's model. Zululand has suffered from tribal discord, including conflict bordering on civil war, and has deep inequalities in wealth in different parts of the country. Still, the Congress of the Africans in its capital at Great Harare is regarded as one of the few places in Africa, besides Zanzibar, where various tribes receive equal representation.
While Zululand is named after the Zulu, that tribe hardly composes a majority and in fact is a relatively new addition to the region, having been expelled from the Boer Republic and South Africa during much of the 20th century.