In 1989, things were tense in Yugoslavia. Human rights were slim, corruption of the government was at an all time high. It was not until 1990 Slobodan Milošević proposed a treaty to make a freer and stronger Yugoslavia. It passed, and so the Yugoslavian Federation was born.
The territory of the Yugoslavia is roughly coterminous with the geographical region of the Western Balkans, in the EU's definition of the term. The Western Balkans excludes Slovenia but includes Albania. With this new treaty, it allows certain Yugoslav countries to join the EU separately, Slovenia is the only country of the Yugoslavia in the EU. Croatia, Macedonia, and Montenegro are official candidates, while Serbia has submitted an application for membership and has been recognized as a "potential candidate". Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Kosovo have not submitted an application, but are nevertheless recognized as "potential candidates" for a possible future enlargement of the European Union. All states of Yugoslavia, with the exception of the Republic of Kosovo, have subscribed to the Stabilization and Association Process with the EU.
Ethno-linguistically, the majority of the Yugoslavia is South Slavic, speaking a dialect continuum clustered around the Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, and Macedonian. Other larger ethnic groups include Albanians (mostly in Kosovo), Hungarians, Roma, and other minorities. Other people who identify with the former Yugoslav state may self-identify as Yugoslavs.