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The Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia is a country located on the Balkan Peninsula. The country comprises of 6 federal republics, which have a certain autonomy, but directly respond to Yugoslav government for all major decisions. The republics are: Bosnia and Hercegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Dalmatia, Macedonia and Greece.
Formation and early history
After the Yugoslav crisis began, communist party members wanted to find a solution to keep SFR Yugoslavia alive. At the time, nationalist movements began, with leaders of each federal republic such as Slobodan Milosevic, Alija Izetbegovic and Franjo Tudjman wanting all power in their hands. One of the politicians that criticized this was Lazar Mojsov, the 10th president of SFR Yugoslavia. He saw the crisis leading to a war, first in Croatia, then in Bosnia. With other members of the ex Communist Party and with several divisions of the ex Yugoslav Peoples Army, he committed an overthrow of Milosevic and his Socialist Party, introducing a new Socialist Party under his control.
On August 14th 1992, he announced the formation of the new Socialist Federative Yugoslavia, with Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia as federal republics. The SFY sent military help to Serbs fighting in the Bosnian war in Krajna, after they got encircled by Muslim and Croatian forces. Propaganda was also made to show how the idea of brotherhood and unity is superior to nationalist ideas.By mid 1993, Yugoslav Peoples Army (JNA) has managed to push Bosnian forces south to Zenica, when Croatian forces struck from the north. At the battle of Banja Luka, they managed to issue a counterattack, and even invading 50 km into Croatia. The JNA then retreated to the border, the river Sava, and Croatia never attacked again. After the war has finished in 1994, the JNA invaded south Dalmatia, taking over Croatian Makarska and Dubrovnik, and adding an additional 9000 sq km to Bosnia. Bosnia later joined SFY as its 4th federal republic
Greece joined SFY in hopes of better economic situation on May 1st, and was made a federal republic And finally, on May 15th 1994, the Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia was announced. The federal republics were kept, and a new republic was made in the place of once south Dalmatia, that was named Dalmatia.
The situation remained stable until 1997, when Albanians demanded that Kosovo should be separated. This led to the first Yugoslavian crisis, and the Socialist Party were afraid that it might lead to another. 100 000 Albanians were forcefully moved to Albania. The ones who remained declared war on SRY. The JNA quickly captured Kosovo. Then Albania itself declared war. The JNA attacked and took over 50% of Albania when the UN gave the SRY an ultimatum to retreat or they will be attacked. The JNA retreated, but much of the Kosovo Albanians already moved to Albania, making it easy for the JNA to control the remainder of then in Kosovo.
Croatio-Albanian Yugoslav War
In 1998, the Croatian Union was formed, which declared war on SRY. Yugoslavia mobilized over one million troops, which attacked Croatia through Slavonija. The Croatian forces however, were busy taking back their lost south Dalmatia, and several parts of Bosnia. With the Croatian operation a success, they launched a full scale invasion of Montenegro. At exactly the same time, Albania launched its own attacked, retaking Kosovo. JNA forced were pushed back into Serbia, and then they were relocated to stop Croatian advance in Montenegro. Croatia's army managed to surround JNA forces in Montenegro, and were now pushing up north into mid-Serbia. By mid 1999, Croatian and Albanian forces were controlling much of Bosnia, Serbia and almost all of Montenegro. JNA supplies were arriving though Macedonia, which forced Albanian forces to cut of the north of Yugoslavia from Macedonia and Greece. A massive counterattack was launched, and with 500 000 casualties, JNA forces managed to break through Albanian forces, retake much of Kosovo and north Montenegro, push Croatian forces back and secure stable connections with Macedonia.
The JNA pushed Croatia away from Bosnia, recapturing Dalmatia in 2000. JNA forces in Montenegro were still fighting, when they broke free of the Croatian encirclement, and destroyed their army. Croatian Union signed a peace treaty with SRY on June 2nd 2001, and Albania surrendered six months later.