The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Савезна Република Југославија, Savezna Republika Jugoslavija), colloquially known as Yugoslavia (Југославија, Jugoslavija), and the FRY (СРЈ, SRJ); is a sovereign state located in the Balkans region of Eastern Europe.
From 1918 until 1992, Yugoslavia along with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia were apart of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1943) and then the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. As part of the Revolutions of 1989, regions of Yugoslavia began demanding similar change for the nation. Ethnic tensions eventually erupted into the Yugoslav Wars (1991-1994), which saw widespread violence and ethnic cleansing in the newly independent republics. In late 1993, the United Nations ordered a peace-keeping operation in the region to curb the massive wave of ethnic cleansing. The peace-keeping operation was supported by both the Soviet Union and the United States and resulted in the Belgrade Accords, which officially ended the Yugoslav Wars.