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Yugoslavia was a country in the Western Balkans.
Yugoslavia was attacked during the nuclear war on Doomsday, but only Belgrade was destroyed by a 100kt. nuclear warhead, immediately disrupting the chain of command. The state was also badly effected by nearby bombing of neighboring nations. The blast that hit Sofia and Thessaloniki spread radiation into southern Serbia and Macedonia, although the Balkan Mountains and general wind patterns kept these levels to a minimum. Far worse was the fallout blowing across the Adriatic Sea from Italy into coastal Slovenia and Croatia. Generally the north and center of Yugoslavia were mostly unaffected.
Almost immediately martial law was declared, as well as governmental activity being suspended. As refugees flooded in from across the border conflict between these people and the Yugoslavs. After a few weeks it was decided to completely shut down all border crossings as it was decided that the country could no longer support these people. But even with these measures, the countries days had been numbered, as nationalist sentiment in both Croatia and Slovenia had reached an all-time high by late 1985, culminating in Slovenia declaring independence on October 6th, 1985, followed by Croatia two days later.
After these proclamations, a Serbian and Montenegrin-led JNA force started to invade the newly created countries. This period would be known in Croatia as the Yugoslav Wars, while in Slovenia it would be known as the Eight Day War. After almost 3 1/2 years of intense combat, the Alpine Confederation would help bring peace to the region, with the signing of the Peace of Ljubljana in March of 1989. The treaty gave Herzegovina to Croatia, while Serbian lands in Bosnia were given to Serbia. The remainder of the country was named Bosnia and put under the protection of the Confederation.
A landing by the claimant to the Yugoslavian throne, Crown Prince Alexander, in Montenegro also occurred in this period. While initially a failure, he would eventually move into Macedonia where he established the Kingdom of Macedonia.
Yugoslavia would officially cease to exist on June 16th, 1989, when the Republic of Serbia was declared.