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The Yathrib timeline starts with a point of divergence in 622, when Muhammed does not make a stronghold in Yathrib to attack Mecca. He converts to Christianity in Jerusalem, where he becomes the Bishop of Hijaz. he does not seek war, he is pacifist. therefore, no Islam as we see it now, occurs.
With the peoples of the Arabian peninsula being divided without religious motivation, the 7th and 8th century resembled the situation in Western Europe after the collpse of the Roman Empire- Arabian lords and nobles created their own petty-kingdoms in Egypt (Kingdom of Misrah), Palestine and Aram (Syria west of the Euphrates). Also, the Persian empire collapsed, leaving:
- and a rump Persian state in Afghanistan, and southeastern Iran.
OTL Saudi Arabia is divided into three areas: Hejaz with city-states resembling to northern Italy, Nejd being a nomadic area and Dilmun, the east coast being a separate realm. Misrah, Palestine and Aram become foedarati- vassals of Constantinople, while Medea converts to Armenian Christianity. However, soon the Arabs begin trying for independence and Misrah nobles convert to Coptic Christianity, while Athuriyan, Khaldiyan and Aramish nobility converts to Syriac Christianity. The Byzantines manage to weaken the bulgars, so when the Hungarians arrive, they settle on the Lower Danube.The Crusades do not occur, but western Europe gets to know Aramaic knowledge after the Turkish attacks. The Turks destroy the Persian kingdom, some occupy Syria and a group settles in the former Bulgar and Magyar kingdom, where they establish Rumelia. They conquer much of southeastern Europe, and many Syriacs and Greeks flees to western Europe. On the other hand, French and German forces march from Antioch against pagan Turks (Crusades),or from Thessaloniki northwards.
Meanwhile, the Visigothic Hispany collapses, into Lusitania, Galicia (Kingdom of Leon), Baetica is seized by Byzantines and north of Spain is controlled by France. However, north Africa except Egypt remained in Byzantine hands, later to be seized by Normans from Sicily.Since the Middle Ages Greek Empire (Greece, Anatolia) holds Bosporus firmly, while a Syriac Kingdom (including all the Levant except Phoenicia and Israel plus northern Iraq.Southern Iraq became the kingdom of Chaldea. Armenia was controlled by Greeks.
Hispany was divided into Aragon, Baetica (later conquered by) Castille, Gallicia, Lusitania,and Navarre. The Americas were settled mostly by Castilians and Gallicians, Brazil by Lusitans. A Greek colony was established in Florida and a Punic one in Uruguay. Africa (That is, Tunisia) became independent. Rumelian Turks have by the time of Napoleon overrun much of Ukraine, Thrace and Dacia, Serbia, and half of Pannonia.
In the meantime, Tatars became Syriac Christians as had Central Asian peoples. However, Rumelian Turks were a Zoroastric sect. The First World War was fought between the German Reich ,Danube Federation and a weakened Rumelia and Greek Empire, Persia on one side against France, Castile, Russia, Armenian and Syriac rebels. In the second World War Germany, Japan , Italy and Mauretania (Morocco) were the major Axis powers.
- Christianity is the largest religion in total, covering most of Europe, Middle East and Africa.
- Latin Christianity (Patriarchate of Rome)- The Latin Church is spread out in western Europe, Africa and the Americas (Mostly), also in southern and western Africa, Australia
- Greek Christianity (Patriarchate of Constantinople)- The Greek church is spread in Anatolia, Balkans, Russia and Siberia, into Alaska and Oregon and Florida.
- Syriac Christiantiy (Patriarchate of Antioch)- The Syriac Church extends from Syria and Cilicia through Armenia and Mesopotamia and also the Turkic peoples in Central Asia
- Arab Christianity (Patriarchate of Jerusalem)- The Largest Arab Christian populations are in western Arabia and along the eastern coast of Africa
- Coptic Christianity (Patriarchate of Alexandria)- The Coptic patriarchate in Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Hinduism in Southern and Southeastern Asia
- Zoroastrism- Persia, Eastern Arabia, Afghanistan, southern Turkestan, western India
- Budhism- in Tibet, Mongolia, Thailand, Laos and Corea
- Judaism- Israel, Yemen