Since the previous conference many developments had been made. For a start victory was imminent; all three of the nations had troops in Germany at the time of the conference. However, a key factor that generated some tension was the existence of the communist control of southern France, the embryonic People's Republic of France. It proved to be a pawn for Stalin as he made his demands; he was able to shrug off Churchill's demands for an elected government in Poland simply by promising it in return for Churchill's recognition of communist control in France. Additionally, Stalin would allow the creation of French Zones of Occupation in Germany and Austria provided they were divided equally amongst the republican and communist French.