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Xinjiang People's State (人民国家新疆) was a socialist state established in Xinjiang (or Sinkiang), Western China in 1943. It is bordered by Russian FSR to the North, Mongolia to the East, China to the East and South, Tibet to the South and Turkestan, British India, Iran to the East.
Xinjiang was established with the help of the Red Army, Turkestan Red Army, and Mongolian People's Army. Nominally headed by the Xinjiang-Uyghur People's Party, a front organization of the Chinese Communist Party in Western China. On its installation it proceeded to persecuted and defeat the local warlords, bringing the territory to its complete control. It instituted various reforms: end of feudalism, land reform, cultural liberty and development of the Uyghur, equality for all nationalities and recognized use of native languages. Actions that would be important where the large-scale geological exploration expeditions and planning of irrigation works.
The Constitution approved in 1944 by the People's Convention, establishing a socialist state in which all political, economical and social power belong to an alliance of urban workers, peasants and intelligentsia.
- the supreme organ of power is the People's Political Assembly. It is composed of directly elected deputies by the people, renewed every 4 years. It elects every 4 years the People's Political Committee and State Council, Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procurator.
- The executive power resides in the People's Political Committee (PPC), that is the collective head of state. It is integrated by a President and three vice presidents and 3 other members. The State Council carries out all the executive and administrative functions. The PPC and the State Council are responsible before the People's Political Assembly.
- the judicial power resides in the Supreme People's Court (SPC). The judges of the SPC and lower courts are elected or appointed by people's congresses at the corresponding levels to serve a maximum of two five-year term. The SPC is the court of last resort for the whole Xinjiang. The SPC supervises the administration of justice by all subordinate local people's courts and "special" people's courts. Local people's courts are organized in intermediate, and municipal districts people's courts. The Supreme People's Procuratorate is the highest agency at the national level responsible for both prosecution and investigation. The Procurator-General is elected by the PPC, local people's procuratorates at different levels, military procuratorates and other special people's procuratorates are elected by or appointed by people's congresses at the corresponding levels. All procurators serve a maximum of two five-year term.
The right to vote in elections and national referenda is extended to those who are above the age of eighteen. During elections and referenda, a citizen can vote or not vote without any consequences from the government.
Sub-national government is composed of people's congresses and people's committees of various levels (village, city, district, county, province and special administrative territories).
The Xinjiang-Uyghur People's Party (XUPP), along minor parties in the People's Revolutionary and Democratic Front, has the monopoly of power.
The main agricultural output of Xinjiang are fruits and produce, including grapes, melons, pears, cotton, wheat, silk, walnuts and sheep. Xinjiang also had large deposits of minerals and oil. It also known for producing salt, soda, borax, gold, jade and coal.
The Xinjiang People's Army (XPA) is in charge of the national defense. It is organized in the following services:
- XPA Ground Force
- XPA Air Force
- People's Militia
At all levels of the XPA a political commissar is the supervisory political officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization, and committed to the civilian control of the military.
The People's Police of Xinjiang (PPX) is in charge of public order.