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|This article is part of a series on the Alternate History of:|
This timeline alternates the history of Islamic kingdoms around the world, and the predominance of Islam in countries today. These kingdoms are ruled by Muslim nobles known as sultans (Arabic: سلطان) and are known as sultanates (Arabic: سلطنة). This timeline not only deals with sultans and sultanates, but also a broad range of the history of Islam around the world - because many Islamic kingdoms used native terms such as khanate or rajahnate and their rulers did not adopt the title "sultan". Because of the predominance of Arab culture in Islamic polities, Arab kingdoms that are not all Muslim (such as Ghassanid, Jabal Druze, Andalusia) are also going to be involved. The point of divergence in the beginning of the World of Sultans timeline depends on the country itself or even countries that aren't Islamic in our real-world timeline.
Timeline of Events
600s-700s - Many tribes in Arabia (Christians, Rahmanis, Jews) resist the spread of Islam and form independent confederations.
Middle Ages - The Arabian Kingdom of Agrabah goes to war with the Grand Duchy of Moscow and the other Kievan Rus' civilizations.
1517 - The Mamluks of Egypt thwart Ottoman conquest of Egypt.
1530 - Morisco and Moorish servants to the Spanish conquistadors preach Islam to the colonial governor of Tenochtitlan (of unknown name) who names himself Saladin Cruz and becomes sultan of Tenochtitlan, he recovers the Arabic language and makes it an official - the only Muslim kingdom in Latin America.
1568 - Aben Humeya leads Morisco revolt, defeats Castilian armies and becomes King of Granada and defeats his cousin Aben Aboo in the Morisco Civil War of Granada.
1569 - Aben Humeya establishes the Federation of Kingdoms of Andalusia, a federation of Morisco Christian and Moorish Muslim civilizations, Spain fails to subjugate the Moors and Moriscos after the First Andalusian-Spanish War.
1570 - The Spanish Catholic Monarchs allow Granada to exist as an autonomous Arabic-speaking region, but prohibited the Islamic religion in Spain.
1571 - Rajah Sulayman defeated Spanish forces in Manila and the Pasig River and hinders attempts to convert people to Roman Catholicism, starts the Sulayman Dynasty and retains the Kingdom of Manila (Malay: كوتا سلودوڠ).
1580 - Sultan Amir Cruz regulates an economy for the Tenochtitlan sultanate.
1600 - The Egyptian Mamluks thwart another Ottoman invasion.
Late 1800s - Miguel Hidalgo conquers Mexico City from the Tenochtitlan sultanate, but fails to convert people to Roman Catholicism and fails to actually capture the sultanate, he signs a treaty with Mohamad bin Mansur (Mojamad de Mansur) which allows Tenochtitlan to be an autonomous Muslim state in the new independent Mexican Empire.
1760 - The last hints of Islam are eliminated in Manila following Carlos de Enrique's abdication from the throne, the rest of Manila becomes Christian except for a Quiapo district community, however the Christian converted-rulers retain the Sulayman Dynasty.
1921 - The Mediterranean Republic (Greek: Μεσογειακή Δημοκρατία) (Turkish: Akdeniz Cumhuriyeti) is formed consisted of what was once eastern Turkey, and the Greek islands of Crete and Peloponnese, Greek and Turkish become official languages of the Mediterranean Republic.
1922 - The Ottoman Empire collapses, the Ottoman Republic is formed and retains using the Arabic alphabet for Turkish script but an alternative Latin script is also invented.
1934 - During the Civil Rights movement for African Americans in the United States, Elijah Muhammad proclaims to be the promised Mahdi of Islam and the promised Messiah of Christianity, established the black Muslim movement known as the Nation of Islam and starts the Negro Sultanate, an un-recognized black Muslim state in the United States and established Chicago as the capital of the sultanate.
1935 - The Royal National Islamic Army, the militant group and armed wing of the Negro Sultanate is involved in a struggle with the Black Panther Army, once allies, Black Panther leader Huey B. Newton cuts off all support for the RNIA and the Nation of Islam or Fard Muhammad's followers, the Battle of Chicago ensues between the two militant groups.
1937 - The Spanish Civil War influences the Kingdom of Andalusia, and results in the Andalusian Civil War (Arabic: الأندلسي الحرب الأهلية), fought between Catholic Republican Army, Muslim Republican Army (Laskarullah) and the Royalists. King of Spain supports the Royalists.
1938 - Following attacks on Jewish villages in Andalusia, Alberto ibn Maymun forms the Maymun Army, an Andalusian militant group.
1939 - The Catholic Republican Army (Morisco People's Army) and the Muslim Republican Army (Laskarullah) sign the Treaty of Alpujarras. Uniting against the Royalists, the Maymun Army signs a pact of neutrality. King Boutros Humeya is overthrown, but allowed to peacefully exile in Spain - the Republic of Andalusia is formed. The Mosque of Cordoba is renamed "Temple of the People of the Book", but this goes atrociously due to conflicting beliefs between Catholics, Jews and Muslims. Juan Assad, who led the Catholic Republic Army becomes Andalusia's new president, and Abd-Rabbuh al-Yusuf al-Saab who led the Muslim Republic Army becomes Andalusia's vice president. Albert ibn Maymun becomes prime minister of Andalusia.
1940 - Benito Mussolini of Italy convinces Spanish prime minister Juan Negrín López to invade Andalusia, thus initiating the Second Andalusian-Spanish War, in which Andalusia and Spain enter World War II. The Spanish armies are backed by Italian support and the Andalusians receive Moroccan and Libyan volunteers wanting to use the Andalusian war as a means of resistance against Italian forces.
1941 - The Andalusian armies capture and take Granada from the Spanish armies, however suffer several setbacks after reprisal offensives by the Spanish forces. Juan Assad opens up relations with the United States, in order to receive American aid.
1942 - Spanish forces enter Córdoba, Andalusians defeat Spanish forces in Córdoba, amid another civil war in Spain, the new Spanish king finally ordered a retreat and an end to the invasion. In Madrid, Juan Assad and King Carlos of Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid. Juan Assad then calls for the beginning of the offensive and penetration to Libya to liberate Libya from Italian forces. Andalusian forces begin to attack Italian and German strongholds in Libya, although unsuccessful at first due to the might of the German war machine. Nonetheless, they continue to fight.
1943 - Andalusians help Libyan resistance against the German war machine. Eventually, the Italians and Germans were weakened due to the on-coming American forces and retreat, ending up abandoning Libya. Andalusians claim they liberated Libya, Germans claim they retreated from the Americans.
1944 - King Carlos of Spain tried to retake Granada from the Andalusians by force. The Andalusian and Spanish armies fight for a year, and the Andalusian government uses the D-Day Invasion to receive American aid. 1945 - The U.N. hands over Granada to Andalusia, this ending the Second Andalusian-Spanish War.
1948 - Warring Arabian tribes (Midianites, Ishmaelites and Hashemites) unite and form the State of Midian (Arabic: الدولة مديان) as an Arab counterpart to the State of Israel. Midian is careful not to declare war on Israel unlike the other Arab states, the Midian monarchs warn the other Arab states saying they'd lose a war with Israel, nonetheless Egypt and Syria do and lose the 1948 war. Andalusian government prohibits Jews from making Aliyahs to the State of Israel.
1952 - After the United States Armed Forces disbanded the RNIA and the Negro Sultanate, Malcom X becomes the sultan and recovers. After a pilgrimage to Mecca and converting to Sunni Islam, he was re-coronated as Sultan Malik el-Shebazz and introduced Sunni Islamic practices into the de facto kingdom.
1965 - Talmadge Sayer, a Nation of Islam follower and a group of armed bandits murders Sultan Shebazz and becomes the sultan for one hour, he gives an order to Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson who were his fellow gunmen to purge the RNIA of non-blacks before being overthrown in an armed coup by the RNIA.
1967 - Midian has its own purposed for declaring war against Israel, Israeli invades Amman and Hashemites destroy Israel's installations in the Sinai Peninsula, and thwart an Israeli invasion Petra.
1968 - Ceasefire signed between Israel and Midian, but a big war ensues between Midian and Israel where both armies suffer big casualties.
1973 - Egypt and Syria launch surprise attack on Yom Kippur, King Ismail declared neutrality from the war but King Hassan later invaded East Jerusalem and took it from Israel, after defeating Israeli forces there, at a large cost.
1982 - King Hassan signs pact with Lebanon following the Israeli invasion, Israelis use white phosphorous gas on Amman and Jeddah and Midian responds by occupying Palestinian cities and using tabun gas and agent orange on Petah Tikvah's citizens.
1985 - After being freed, Norman 3X Butler changes his name to Muhammad Abdul Aziz and moved the Nation of Islam's main mosque or "temple" to Harlem, and assumed control of the "black kingdom"'.
1987 - Thomas 15X Johnson converts to Sunni Islam under the name Khalil Islam and rejects the Nation of Islam, he built a mausoleum for Malcolm X and assumed control of the sultanate resulting in a power-struggle with Abdul Aziz from Harlem, martial law is declares as armed struggles take place between Islam and Abdul-Aziz's militants in both Harlem and Chicago, Abdul-Aziz renounced control and forms his own de facto state the Aziz Sultanate in Harlem and attempts to change the focus to New York City - Khalil Islam renames the Negro Sultanate to the Amirika Sultanate (literally American Sultanate) and opens the territory to Sunnis, Shi'ites and all Muslims.
1990 - Khalil Islam rents a room in the Sears Tower of Chicago, designs it to be his throne to control the sultanate, Muhammad Abdul Aziz responds by renting a room in the World Trade Center and also has it to be his throne to control the sultanate from.
September 11, 2001 - Abdul Aziz thwarts a terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, giving him a better heroic status against Khalil Islam, Abdul Aziz converts to Sunni Islam.
2009 - Khalil Islam sells his room and "retires" the sultanate, which became a social "region" rather than an actual de facto territory on a map. Meanwhile, the divide between liberals and conservatives leads to major riots in cities, resulting in the Chicago Riots and the L.A. Riots. The U.S. army is dispatched to deal with these. A Mexican revolutionary by the name of Leonardo Villa takes power in Mexico, and exploits the divided and weakened United States. He builds a massive army, mainly using impoverished and homeless Mexicans as soldiers, and starts the Second Mexican-American War.
2006 - Another Israeli invasion of Lebanon, Lebanon successfully repels invasion. The Mindanao Civil War begins, in which Muslims of southern Mindanao and communists in northern Mindanao wage an armed uprising against the Philippine state. The Filipino government is unsuccessful in stopping the rebels.
2008 - Azar Alimuddin successfully frees Mindanao, forming the Kingdom of Mindanao from Filipino occupation after U.N. recognition. He is crowned the First King of Mindanao. Up to the north, the People's Republic of North Mindanao is formed with Ernesto Villa as the premier.
2011 - Russia finally defeats the Islamic invasion. Russians aid Syrians in the war and thwarts Saudi invasions, Russians threatened to destroy bin Talal's palace in Riyadh, Arab Christians and Coptic Christians of Egypt wage war against the Muslim Brotherhood and look to the Mediterranean Republic for help. Mediterranean forces liberate North Egypt and North Libya and become Arabic-speaking states of the Mediterranean Republic. Arabic becomes an official language in the Mediterranean Republic.
2012 - Mujiv Hataman becomes the new King of Mindanao after he is elected to become the Yang di Pertuan Agong of Mindanao.
September 2012 - Filipinos who are Roman Catholics are deported from the United Arab Emirates, Emirati forces search every house in Dubai for Filipinos and begins the Deport All Filipinos Program, Filipino Muslims and non-Catholic Filipinos (Protestants, Baptists) are exempt - the United Arab Emirates also requires that all church masses be preached in Arabic and that all remaining Filipinos in the United Arab Emirates must speak Arabic at all times, the Emirati government also advises all of the other Arab nations to deport Filipinos, the Emirati government also shuts down The Philippine School; Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Qatar also impose sanctions in overseas Filipinos working in their countries.
July 2013 - Sultan Azar Alimuddin of Mindanao marries Princess Ameera al-Taweel of Saudi Arabia. Ameera becomes the first non-native dayang in South Mindanao, and the second non-native royal (apart from Alimuddin's adopted son from India).