This is the World of Sultans Alternate Timeline (Arabic: العالم من سلاطين الجدول الزمني البديل, Persian: دنیای سلاطین گاهشمار جایگزین, Urdu: سلطانوں کی دنیا متبادل ٹائم لائن, Turkish: Sultanlar Dünya Alternatif Timeline, Malay: كسولتن بوميڤوترا الترناتيف تيميلاين, Indonesian: Dunia Sultan Alternatif Timeline, Azerbaijani: Sultanları Dünya Alternativ Timeline, Albanian: Bota e Sulltanëve Timeline Alternate) portal.

This timeline alternates the history of Islamic kingdoms around the world, and the predominance of Islam in countries today. These kingdoms are ruled by Muslim nobles known as sultans (Arabic: سلطان) and are known as sultanates (Arabic: سلطنة). This timeline not only deals with sultans and sultanates, but also a broad range of the history of Islam around the world - because many Islamic kingdoms used native terms such as khanate or rajahnate and their rulers did not adopt the title "sultan". Because of the predominance of Arab culture in Islamic polities, Arab kingdoms that are not all Muslim (such as Ghassanid, Jabal Druze, Andalusia) are also going to be involved. The point of divergence in the beginning of the World of Sultans timeline depends on the country itself or even countries that aren't Islamic in our real-world timeline.

Timeline of Events

600s-700s - Many tribes in Arabia (Christians, Rahmanis, Jews) resist the spread of Islam and form independent confederations.

Middle Ages - The Arabian Kingdom of Agrabah goes to war with the Grand Duchy of Moscow and the other Kievan Rus' civilizations.

1517 - The Mamluks of Egypt thwart Ottoman conquest of Egypt.

1560 - Aben Humeya leads Morisco revolt, defeats Castilian armies and becomes King of Granada and defeats his cousin Aben Aboo in the Morisco Civil War of Granada.

1561 - Aben Humeya establishes the Federation of Kingdoms of Andalusia, a federation of Morisco Christian and Moorish Muslim civilizations, however a prominent Moor from Ugíjar by the name of Diego Alguacil wages a civil war against him. Aben Humeya's cousin Aben Aboo thwarts Alguacil's assassination attempts against Aben Humeya, the three go to battle with Aben Aboo and Aben Humeya's forces victorious. However, Aben Humeya is killed, Aben Aboo slays Alguacil ans becomes the new King of Al-Andalus.

1570 - Moorish explorers and conquistadors arrived in New Spain (Mexico), and preach Islam to the colonial governor of Tenochtitlan (of unknown name), who was already attempting to convert to Islam via his Morisco and Moorish servants, the governor names himself Saladin Cruz and becomes sultan of Tenochtitlan, now a colony of the Andalusian Empire

1571 - Rajah Sulayman defeats Spanish forces in Manila and the Pasig River and hinders attempts to convert people to Roman Catholicism, starts the Sulayman Dynasty and retains the Kingdom of Manila (Malay: كوتا سلودوڠ).

1580 - Sultan Amir Cruz regulates an economy for the Tenochtitlan sultanate.

1600 - The Egyptian Mamluks thwart another Ottoman invasion.

Late 1800s - Miguel Hidalgo and Sultan Mohamad ibn Mansur unite against the Spaniards. Despite briefly losing the first battle, the two return and vanquish the Spanish conquistadors. 

1921 - The Mediterranean Republic (Greek: Μεσογειακή Δημοκρατία, Turkish: Akdeniz Cumhuriyeti) is formed consisted of what was once eastern Turkey, and the Greek islands of Crete and Peloponnese, Greek and Turkish become official languages of the Mediterranean Republic.

1922 - The Ottoman Empire collapses, the Ottoman Republic is formed and retains using the Arabic alphabet for Turkish script but an alternative Latin script is also invented. Meanwhile in Russia, the Red Army is victorious in the north, however is beaten by the White Army in the south. Russia becomes divided into two separate nations, with Soviet Russia in the north with its capital at Moscow, and the Russian Empire continues to exist and control the south, with Kiev as its capital.

1932 - The socialist uprisings in Spain and Italy influence Al-Andalus, the Moorish Civil War beings, fought between the Royal Andalusian Forces and socialist militants led by Basher Alguacil.

1933 - Abdulmejid II overthrows the Republic of Turkey, and re-established the Ottoman Empire.

1934 - During the Civil Rights movement for African Americans in the United States, Elijah Muhammad proclaims to be the promised Mahdi of Islam and the promised Messiah of Christianity, established the black Muslim movement known as the Nation of Islam and starts the Negro Sultanate, an un-recognized black Muslim state in the United States and established Chicago as the capital of the sultanate.

1935 - The Royal National Islamic Army, the militant group and armed wing of the Negro Sultanate is involved in a struggle with the Black Panther Army, once allies, Black Panther leader Huey B. Newton cuts off all support for the RNIA and the Nation of Islam or Fard Muhammad's followers, the Battle of Chicago ensues between the two militant groups. Meanwhile, Czar Joseph Stalin of the Russian Empire declares war against Soviet Russia, and sends forces to invade Soviet Russia, commencing the Great Russian War.

1936 - Abulmejid II begins his conquest of Europe, by attacking Bulgaria and Greece

1937 - Bulgaria and southern Greece fall to the Ottomans, Abdulmejid II begins the invasion of Romania, and decisively conquers Romania

1938 - The Ottomans begin a massive military buildup in their conquered territories, and begins to pose a challenge to other European powers, the socialists are defeated in the Moorish Civil War, Basher Alguacil is imprisoned

1939 - The Ottomans conquer Egypt, decisively driving the British out of Egypt

1940 - Francisco Franco uses the alliance with Hitler and Mussolini to plan an invasion of Andalusia. Meanwhile, Adolf Hitler uses the war between the Russian Empire and Soviet Russia to invade both nations in his conquest of Eastern Europe. 

1941 - Adolf Hitler and Germans begin their conquest of Europe, Germans invade the Ottoman and Russian Empires, as well as the Soviet Union, driving the Ottomans out of Romania, Bulgaria and Greece, driving the Soviets out of Poland and Belarus, and establishing puppet states there, Tsar Joseph Stalin is overthrown in a civil war, the succeeding tsar, Solomon I ends the war against Soviet Russia, forms an allyship with the Soviet states and re-focuses the war effort against the German and the Axis powers.

The Imperial Spanish Army invades Al-Andalus, thus initiating the Fourth Andalusian-Spanish War, in which Andalusia and Spain enter World War II. The Spanish armies are backed by limited German and Axis support and the Andalusians receive Moroccan and Libyan volunteers wanting to use the Andalusian war as a means of resistance against Italian forces.

1942 - The Germans are defeated in Moscow by the Soviets, and in Kiev by the Imperial Russians, Spanish forces enter Córdoba, the Moors and Spaniards fight it out to the last drop of blood.

1943 - A frustrated Adolf Hitler withdraws his support for the Spaniards, due to the Allied bombardments. This devastates the Spaniard invasion of Al-Andalus, and hastens the Moorish victory over the Spaniards. The Imperial Russia Forces begin sweep of the Germans in Europe, starting with Bulgaria and Romania, eventually reaching Turkey where their join the battle against both the German and Ottoman forces

1944 - The Moors defeat the Spaniards, and chase them into southern Spain. Francisco Franco is found and imprisoned, Carlos Infante becomes crowned King of Spain. Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey become territory of the Russian Empire.

1946 - The Philippine Archipelago is split into two independante states: namely the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the Republic of Moroland.

1948 - Warring Arabian tribes (Midianites, Ishmaelites and Hashemites) unite and form the State of Midian (Arabic: الدولة مديان) as an Arab counterpart to the State of Israel. Midian is careful not to declare war on Israel unlike the other Arab states, the Midian monarchs warn the other Arab states saying they'd lose a war with Israel, nonetheless Egypt and Syria do and lose the 1948 war. Andalusian government prohibits Jews from making Aliyahs to the State of Israel.

1952 - After the United States Armed Forces disbanded the RNIA and the Negro Sultanate, Malcom X becomes the sultan and recovers. After a pilgrimage to Mecca and converting to Sunni Islam, he was re-coronated as Sultan Malik el-Shebazz and introduced Sunni Islamic practices into the de facto kingdom.

1965 - Talmadge Sayer, a Nation of Islam follower and a group of armed bandits murders Sultan Shebazz and becomes the sultan for one hour, he gives an order to Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson who were his fellow gunmen to purge the RNIA of non-blacks before being overthrown in an armed coup by the RNIA. Meanwhile, the Andalusian government provides military equipment and assistance to Egypt and Syria during their war against Israel.

1967 - Midian has its own purposed for declaring war against Israel, Israeli invades Amman and Hashemites destroy Israel's installations in the Sinai Peninsula, and thwart an Israeli invasion Petra. 

1968 - Ceasefire signed between Israel and Midian, but a big war ensues between Midian and Israel where both armies suffer big casualties.

1973 - Egypt and Syria launch surprise attack on Yom Kippur, King Ismail declared neutrality from the war but King Hassan later invaded East Jerusalem and took it from Israel, after defeating Israeli forces there, at a large cost. The Arab armies emerge victorious against Israel, Andalusian military assistance plays a crucial role in this. The Syrian and Egyptian forces liberate Palestine from Israel, and create the State of Palestine. Palestinians celebrate their independance against the Israelis.

1982 - King Hassan signs pact with Lebanon following the Israeli invasion, Israelis use white phosphorous gas on Amman and Jeddah and Midian responds by occupying Palestinian cities and using tabun gas and agent orange on Petah Tikvah's citizens.

1985  - After being freed, Norman 3X Butler changes his name to Muhammad Abdul Aziz and moved the Nation of Islam's main mosque or "temple" to Harlem, and assumed control of the "black kingdom"'.

1987 - Thomas 15X Johnson converts to Sunni Islam under the name Khalil Islam and rejects the Nation of Islam, he built a mausoleum for Malcolm X and assumed control of the sultanate resulting in a power-struggle with Abdul Aziz from Harlem, martial law is declares as armed struggles take place between Islam and Abdul-Aziz's militants in both Harlem and Chicago, Abdul-Aziz renounced control and forms his own de facto state the Aziz Sultanate in Harlem and attempts to change the focus to New York City - Khalil Islam renames the Negro Sultanate to the Amirika Sultanate (literally American Sultanate) and opens the territory to Sunnis, Shi'ites and all Muslims.

1990 - Khalil Islam rents a room in the Sears Tower of Chicago, designs it to be his throne to control the sultanate, Muhammad Abdul Aziz responds by renting a room in the World Trade Center and also has it to be his throne to control the sultanate from.

September 11, 2001 - Abdul Aziz thwarts a terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, giving him a better heroic status against Khalil Islam, Abdul Aziz converts to Sunni Islam.

2009 - Khalil Islam sells his room and "retires" the sultanate, which became a social "region" rather than an actual de facto territory on a map. Meanwhile, the divide between liberals and conservatives leads to major riots in cities, resulting in the Chicago Riots and the L.A. Riots. The U.S. army is dispatched to deal with these. A Mexican revolutionary by the name of Leonardo Villa takes power in Mexico, and exploits the divided and weakened United States. He builds a massive army, mainly using impoverished and homeless Mexicans as soldiers, and starts the Second Mexican-American War.

2006 - Another Israeli invasion of Lebanon, Lebanon successfully repels invasion. The Mindanao Civil War begins, in which Muslims of southern Mindanao and communists in northern Mindanao wage an armed uprising against the Philippine state. The Filipino government is unsuccessful in stopping the rebels.

2008 - Bangsamoro successfully takes northern Mindanao from the Philippines by force

2011 - Russia finally defeats the Islamic invasion. Russians aid Syrians in the war and thwarts Saudi invasions, Russians threatened to destroy bin Talal's palace in Riyadh, Arab Christians and Coptic Christians of Egypt wage war against the Muslim Brotherhood and look to the Mediterranean Republic for help. Mediterranean forces liberate North Egypt and North Libya and become Arabic-speaking states of the Mediterranean Republic. Arabic becomes an official language in the Mediterranean Republic.

2012 - Mujiv Hataman becomes the new King of Mindanao after he is elected to become the Yang di Pertuan Agong of Mindanao. 

September 2012 - Filipinos who are Roman Catholics are deported from the United Arab Emirates, Emirati forces search every house in Dubai for Filipinos and begins the Deport All Filipinos Program, Filipino Muslims and non-Catholic Filipinos (Protestants, Baptists) are exempt - the United Arab Emirates also requires that all church masses be preached in Arabic and that all remaining Filipinos in the United Arab Emirates must speak Arabic at all times, the Emirati government also advises all of the other Arab nations to deport Filipinos, the Emirati government also shuts down The Philippine School; Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Qatar also impose sanctions in overseas Filipinos working in their countries.

July 2013 - Sultan Azar Alimuddin of Mindanao marries Princess Ameera al-Taweel of Saudi Arabia. Ameera becomes the first non-native dayang in South Mindanao, and the second non-native royal (apart from Alimuddin's adopted son from India). 

2016 - Mamintal Adiong II succeeds Nur Misuari as the 2nd Sultan of Bangsamoro

Symbols and Heirlooms of Muslim Royalty

450px-Turban helmet Met 04 3 211

A turban-crown inlaid with Arabic calligraphy in silver from the Mamluk sultanate

The sultans and rulers of the different Islamic nations used different types of royal heirlooms as the symbol of authority or power. In the Tenochtitlan Sultanate, the heirloom was known as Saladin's Line which was a headdress that contained a mixture of Native American (Nahua) and Arab designs. It no longer exists, but European drawings and paintings indicate that the sultans of Tenochtitlan used it. It had 99 feathers on it, each inscribed with an Arabic inscription of the 99 Names of God in Islamic tradition. In Southeast Asia, the kris sword was used as an heirloom blade among the Muslim

Elijah Muhammad wearing his distinct taqiyyah, which was later worn by the Negro sultans up to Malcolm X, and later recovered by Louis Farrakhan

nobles in Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines and Indonesia - Thailand as well. More specifically in the Philippines, was the headdress known as the salakot, when the Spaniards conquered the Philippines it became a symbol of the Christian nobility but Rajah Sulayman, the Muslim ruler of southern Manila stopped Roman Catholic conversions. Lakan Dula made a salakot and designed with silver as a gift to Rajah Sulayman and his heirs. In the Aswad
Silver enlaid salakot

The Sulayman Salakot, worn by Rajah Sulayman and the sultans of Manila

Sultanate in the United States, established by Elijah Mohammad, the African American followers and chosen heirs used Elijah's headdress as the as heirloom. Malcolm X later changed it, as he permitted Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims, it was changed into a traditional Arabian sword. Louis Farrakhan later recovered the Nation of Islam practices and recovered

A native African scepter, used by native African sultans from Sudan

Elijah Mohammad's headdress, calling it "Elijah's Taqiyyah". A taqiyyah is a traditional prayer cap worn by Muslims, and even non-Muslims living in Muslim nations. In the Negev Sultanate in Israel, the native Bedouin rulers use a long golden robe as the heirloom, where Sahiban is its current sultan. In Arabia, most of the Muslim nobility adheres to strict Sunni Islam and tries to avoid the use of heirlooms. Most were destroyed during the reign of King Abdullah Abdulaziz in Saudi Arabia. When the Mamluks thwarted the Ottoman invasions, the swords that were used to fight the Ottomans were often the heirlooms passed on to the descendants. More than one sword was often used. The African sultans used many native heirlooms, that pre-date Islamic traditions. Many of these were said to contain supernatural powers that would protect the dynasty on to the Final Judgment.

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