=World War III = World War III, or the Third World War (often abbreviated as WW-III or WW-3), was a global military conflict lasting from 1989 to 2001, which involved most of the world's nations, including all of the great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the US-led NATO Alliance and the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 550 million military personnel mobilized. In a state of "total war," the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Israeli Massacre and the most prominent use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict in human history resulting in 100 million to over 250 million fatalities.
The war is generally accepted to have begun on 23 December 1989, with the invasion of West Germany by a coalition of Soviet-led Warsaw troops and subsequent declarations of war on the Warsaw’s by NATO. The Soviets had set out to defeat the NATO countries across the globe, including the United States in Europe first, and then head south to capture the oil-rich Middle East. Then they would spread Communist ideologies throughout the world. During 1989 to early 1994, in a series of successful military campaigns and political treaties, the Warsaw’s had conquered or politically subdued most of continental Europe, the Middle East (with Arab assistance), and major portions of Africa. Just like the last war, Britain and the United States remained the only major forces to continue the fight against the Warsaw’s. The US was forced to withdraw from Europe and began to focus on defensive measures leaving Great Britain vulnerable to attack. In June 1993, the Soviets took Ireland and launch major attacks on the nation. In December 1993, China launched an attack in South-East Asia. Vietnam, North Korea, and Soviet troops assisted and a Mexican-standoff ensured between China and Japan and the United States. The US, which were still regrouping readied the defensive measures in case of a second Pacific War with China.
By 1995, the Warsaw Empire had reached its peak. The whole continent of Europe was under Soviet control, the Arab Alliance, led by Saddam Hussein of Iraq, took Iran and effectively all of the Middle East, and the Eastern Warsaw’s, led by China had conquered the rest of Asia. The US, Great Britain, and Canada were the only capable forces remaining and the Warsaw’s planned for war on the American fronts. Cuba, in 1996, attacked the Florida Keys but was decimated by the US Navy. The first nuclear attack on the war hit Havana, and Cuba surrendered. Then the Soviet dictator, Vladimir Gruskin, sent a letter to the US stating that they would not attack the US if they agreed to the present state of the fronts. US President Bill Clinton said no and two months later, the Soviet invaded and took Alaska and then invaded and defeated Canada. Meanwhile, the British, who had not been invaded yet, launched an attack on Ireland in late 1996 and retook it. The British then stole back Iceland and began attacking and destroying Soviet convoys in the Atlantic, with the assistance of the US Navy. Then on December 21, 1996, the Soviets invaded the US all along the East Coast. The Soviets gained the high ground and by 24 February 1997, they were only 20 miles from Washington DC. The Warsaws had anticipated a simultaneous attack on the capital and the West Coast, by the Chinese. A Chinese naval armada, led by Admiral Xu Fang, sailed for the West Coast. The US met the armada at Catalina Island and the most decisive naval battle in history ensued. After just four days, the Chinese armada lost nearly half of its ships and their admiral. They were forced to retreat. The Soviet had not learned of the Chinese defeat and they proceeded with the attack on Washington DC on June 30th, 1997. The fighting ended on July 3rd but the battle ended the next day when the Soviets retreated. Thus the war had reached its turning point with the Battle of Washington DC and the Battle of Ireland. For the next few years the US/British alliance set out to liberate the world and they did so successfully. After a decisive battle in the Pacific, the Allies invaded China, nuked Shanghai, and took the capital. The Chinese became the first Warsaw country to surrender on August 4th, 1998. Iraq surrendered on November 11th, 1998. The war then focused in Europe, as one by one the countries were liberated. The Battle of Berlin (1999) had become the final major battle of the war on the European Front. The Soviet Union was then reduced to what is now Russia. The Allies knew they couldn’t invade the vast area by themselves and they instead threatened to nuke the country into defeat if they didn’t surrender by January 1st, 2000. The Soviet agreed and they began peaceful negotiations. Gruskin was killed during the Battle at Berlin and the nation dropped into civil war. The Patriots took Moscow, with some assistance from the Allies, on October 24th, 2001. The Soviets officially surrendered that very same day.
The war ended with the total victory of the Allies over the Warsaw Pact on October 24th, 2001 and a peace treaty, “EndWar”, was signed on May 9th, 2003. World War III left the political alignment and social structure of the world significantly altered. While the United Nations (UN) stilled stood strong to handle international crisis, the Multi-National Crisis Management Organization was created to halt any signs of war. Most countries whose industries had been badly damaged began moving toward economic recovery and across the world political integration emerged in an effort to peacefully stabilize after-war relations.
==Chronology == The start of the war is generally held to be 23 December 1989, beginning with the Warsaw invasion of West Germany, after liberating West Berlin; Britain and France and the other main NATO countries of Europe declared war immediately on the Warsaws.
The exact date of the war's end is not universally agreed upon. It has been suggested that the war ended at the armistice of 24 October 2001 (V Day), rather than the formal peace treaty signing (9 May 2003).
==Background == The occurrence of World War III had been a major fear of the entire globe long before it began 1989. When World War II concluded with the defeat of Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan in 1945, the world's major political powers began to consolidate their own powers in an effort to ensure that such a conflict of such a destructive scale never repeated itself. Unfortunately, they also sought to increase their own influence in the world abroad, creating major political, military, and social tensions that sowed the first seeds of the dreaded World War Three.
After World War II, the United States of America and the Soviet Union became the two superpowers of the world, and worked with their allies to ensure that a conflict in Europe and the world did not break out again. The two sides, along with their European allies, occupied Germany and reorganized it into the democratic West Germany, divided by the US, Great Britain, and France, and the communist East Germany, ruled by the Soviet Union and other smaller Soviet-satellite. The U.S. formed an alliance with Western Europe that eventually materialized into NATO in 1948; while the Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact in Eastern Europe in 1959 and erected the Iron Curtain, the major political division between the West and the East. The Berlin Wall was then erected between Allied-controlled Democratic West Berlin and Soviet-controlled Communist East Berlin, creating major tensions between the two powers. Determined to keep either side from superseding each others authority, the two superpowers created major alliances with other nations and engaged in an arms race, which saw the two sides increase military expenditures and military authority overseas, as well as the mass production of nuclear weapons. Fearing the outbreak of nuclear war that could potentially annihilate the world, the two sides engaged in diplomatic efforts to ensure peace between the two powers, while engaging in proxy wars within satellite nations and expanding their arsenals. From 1945 to 1989, the world engaged in a long and deadly period of political tension known as the Cold War, with the world anxiously wondering if they would one day be once again plunged into war.
The Cold War finally reached its critical stage during the fall of 1989. During that year, the Soviet Union's economy was in ruins, threatening its communist influences across Eastern Europe and within Russia. Faced with increasing political and social unrest and the potential disintegration of the Warsaw Pact, the Soviet Union blackmails Europe to preserve its authority. The new dictator took office in October 21st, 1989, Vladimir Ghruskin. He saw the Western nations as an obstacle in the empires quest of prosperity and after realizing that they can’t do so without a good economy, he demanded that the Western Nations provide massive financial aid to the Soviet Union or it would pursue a course of war and invade Western Europe in retaliation. The United Nations ignores these calls and instead pursues diplomatic efforts to reach a cohesive settlement.
Initially, the Soviet Union complies, but secretly creates plans for its invasion of Europe. They put their strategy, Maskirovka (Camouflage), to conceal their goals and actions. The Soviet units are put into rigorous training while the West is fooled by the Maskirovka; due to the prepared Soviet plans, the Pacific Theater is left quiet, with Japan unwilling to join the war (however, they did increase their defenses when it looked like China may become a member of the Warsaws). Then on December 23rd, 1989, while the diplomatic talks were still in progress, the Soviet Union launched its assault across the Iron Curtain, triggering the opening stages of the long-dreaded World War III.
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
On October 1962, the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba confronted in what would be known as the infamous Cuban Missile Crisis during the Cold War. In September 1962, the Cuban and Soviet governments began to surreptitiously build bases in Cuba for a number of medium- and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles (MRBMs and IRBMs) with the ability to strike most of the continental United States. This action followed the 1958 deployment of Thor IRBMs in the UK and Jupiter IRBMs to Italy and Turkey in 1961 – more than 100 U.S.-built missiles having the capability to strike Moscow with nuclear warheads. A United States U-2 photo reconnaissance plane captured photographic proof of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba on October 14, 1962. It was this event that was regarded as the closest encounter to WW-III since the Berlin Blockade. The U.S. announced that it would not allow offensive weapons to be delivered to Cuba and President John F. Kennedy demanded that the Soviets dismantle the missile bases already under construction or completed in Cuba and remove all offensive weapons immediately. The Kennedy administration held a slim hope that the Kremlin would agree to their demands, and expected a military confrontation. On the Soviet end, Nikita Khrushchev wrote in a letter to Kennedy that his quarantine of "navigation in international waters and air space to constitute an act of aggression propelling humankind into the abyss of a world nuclear-missile war." The Soviets publicly balked at the U.S. demands, but in secret back-channel communications initiated a proposal to resolve the crisis. The confrontation ended on October 28, 1962 when President John F. Kennedy and United Nations Secretary-General U Thant reached an agreement with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to dismantle the offensive weapons and return them to the Soviet Union, subject to United Nations verification, in exchange for an agreement by the United States to never invade Cuba. The Soviets removed the missile systems and their support equipment, loading them onto eight Soviet ships from November 5–9. A month later, on December 5 and 6, the Soviet Il-28 bombers were loaded onto three Soviet ships and shipped back to Russia. The quarantine was formally ended at 6:45 p.m. EDT on November 20, 1962. As a secret part of the agreement, all US-built Thor and Jupiter IRBMs deployed in Europe were deactivated by September 1963.
Yom Kippur War
The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War also known as the 1973 Arab-Israeli War and the Fourth Arab-Israeli War, was a military conflict between Israel and a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria that was fought from October 6 to 25, 1973. The war began with a joint surprise attack against Israel, which took place on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in Judaism, which coincided with the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Egypt and Syria crossed ceasefire lines to enter the Israeli-held Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights respectively, which had been captured and occupied since the 1967 Six-Day War. The conflict led to a near-confrontation between the two nuclear superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, both of whom initiated massive resupply efforts to their allies during the war.
The war began with a massive and successful Egyptian attack across the heavily fortified Suez Canal during the first three days, after which they dug in, settling into a stalemate. In the north, the Syrians attacked the Golan Heights at the same time and initially made threatening gains against the greatly outnumbered defenders. Within a week, Israel recovered and launched a four-day counter-offensive, driving deep into Syria itself. To relieve this pressure, the Egyptians went back on the offensive, but were decisively defeated; the Israelis then counterattacked at the seam between two Egyptian armies, crossed the Suez Canal, and advanced southward and westward in over a week of heavy fighting. An October 22 United Nations-brokered ceasefire quickly unraveled, with each side blaming the other for the breach. By 24 October, the Israelis had improved their positions considerably and completed their encirclement of Egypt’s Third Army. This development prompted superpower tension, but a second ceasefire was imposed cooperatively on October 25 to end the war. At the conclusion of hostilities, Israeli forces were 40 km (25 mi) from Damascus and 101 km (63 mi) from Cairo.
The war had far-reaching implications. The Arab World, which had been humiliated by the lopsided rout of the Egyptian-Syrian-Jordanian alliance in the Six-Day War, felt psychologically vindicated by successes early in the conflict. In Israel, despite impressive operational and tactical achievements on the battlefield, the war effectively ended its sense of invincibility and complacency. The war also challenged many American assumptions; the United States initiated new efforts at mediation and peacemaking. These changes paved the way for the subsequent peace process. The Camp David Accords that followed led to the return of the Sinai to Egypt and normalized relations—the first peaceful recognition of Israel by an Arab country. Egypt continued its drift away from the Soviet Union and left the Soviet sphere of influence entirely. However, despite the war’s end, it would play a major role setting the stage for the Third World War as it created resentment between the Soviet-supported Arabs and the US-supported Israeli’s.
Iraq-Iran War (1980-1988)
The Iran–Iraq War was a war between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran lasting from September 1980 to August 1988. It was initially referred to in the western world as the "Persian Gulf War”.
The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, launching a simultaneous invasion by air and land into Iranian territory on 22 September 1980 following a long history of border disputes, and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long-suppressed Shia majority influenced by the Iranian Revolution. Iraq was also aiming to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state. Although Iraq hoped to take advantage of revolutionary chaos in Iran and attacked without formal warning, they made only limited progress into Iran and within several months were repelled by the Iranians, who regained virtually all lost territory by June, 1982. For the next six years, Iran was on the offensive. Despite calls for a ceasefire by the United Nations Security Council, hostilities continued until 20 August 1988
The war came at a great cost in lives and economic damage - half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers as well as civilians are believed to have died in the war with many more injured and wounded - but brought neither reparations nor change in borders. The conflict is often compared to World War I, in that the tactics used closely mirrored those of that conflict, including large scale trench warfare, manned machine-gun posts, bayonet charges, use of barbed wire across trenches, human wave attacks across no-man's land, and extensive use of chemical weapons such as mustard gas against Iranian troops and civilians as well as Iraqi Kurds. At the time, the UN Security Council issued statements that "chemical weapons had been used in the war." However, in these UN statements Iraq was not mentioned by name, so it has been said that "the international community remained silent as Iraq used weapons of mass destruction against Iranian as well as Iraqi Kurds" and it is believed that "United States prevented the UN from condemning Iraq". The war, however, brought tensions between the two countries it would lead the region into total war in 1991, during the Middle Eastern Front in World War III.
Yellow Sea' Incident (1987)
During the spring of 1987, tensions are running high between China, South Korea, North Korea, and Japan, due to Japanese seizure of North Korean freighters suspected of carrying Weapons of Mass Destruction on April 4th, after the sinking of the Hemi by what was later confirmed to be a North Korean torpedo on the night of March 30th. The Chinese, North Korean, and the United Nations condemned the action but the US found evidence that North Korea may have indeed carried these weapons throughout the Yellow Sea. The Chinese denounced the assumptions and the Japanese created the Overseas-Self Defense Force (O-SDF). Considering this to be a violation of Article 9 of the Post-World War II Constitution, which stated that the Japanese couldn’t maintain a military force capable of striking beyond its borders, the Chinese and North Korean forces established a blockade in the Yellow Sea against Japanese shipping on April 7th. The UN considered this action as an act of war and because Japan and the O-SDF are allies of the United States, the United States Navy dispatched its most advanced warship, the USS Alexander Hamilton, to the Yellow Sea. The U.S. hopes this show of strength will get China and North Korea to back down. However, the American show of force backfires when the USS Hamilton was sunk by a North Korean anti-ship missile on April 14th, bringing the United States, South Korea North Korea, China, and, possibly, the Soviet Union, who also supported the North Koreans into the brink of war. However, North Korea claims the missile was launched unintentionally, and the US sends a SpecOps Task Force to the region to find out who’s responsible for sinking the USS Hamilton. Suddenly, a rogue general takes power in North Korea, Kim Sang II and he threatens to launch a North Korean missile against a Japanese city if the US doesn’t retreat. Because North Korea would be supported by China, and Japan would be backed by the U.S, the incident would potentially spark World War III. The USS John F. Kennedy Battle Group along with British, French, South Korean, and Japanese support led the largest concentration of naval forces since the Battle of Leyte Gulf in 1944. The Chinese and North Koreans sent out only half of the armada to confront the coalition. The two battle groups came within about 45 miles of each other, with each having a clear shot at the other. However, WW-III was avoided when US President Bill Clinton simultaneously talked with delegates from each of the nations and eventually came to an agreement on April 21st. Then on April 23rd, the North Korean government dismissed Kim Sang II and was sent on trial for nearly starting WW-III. World War Three was avoided - for the time being.
The June 11th, 1987 Terrorist Attacks in Russia (1987)
Vladimir Ghruskin’s Rise to Power (1987)
North Korea-Iran-Soviet Nuclear Test Launch (1988)
Soviet Occupation of Finland (1989)