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World War II (1861: Historical Failing)

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World War II
Beginning:

1939

End:

1945

Place:

Worldwide, mostly Europe

Outcome:
  • Allied victory
  • Dissolution of the Austrian Reich and partition of its territories
Combatants
Allied Powers

Flag of the United States USA
Flag of the Soviet Union USSR
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of France France
Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China


Limited support:
Modena Flag (1861 HF) Modena
Flag of South Italy (1861 HF) Naples
Flag of the Duchy of Parma (1851-1859) Parma
Flag of the Republic of Pisa Pisa
Habsburgtuscanycoa Tuscany

Axis

Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Nazi Austria
Flag of Japan Japan
Bandiera di Bologna Bologna
Mantua Flag Mantua
Flag of Turin Turin
Venetie vlag Venice
Flag of Umbria (1936-1945) (1861 HF) Umbria
Flag of the Repubblica Romana 1798 Rome


Limited support
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
Flag of Finland Finland
Flag of Romania Romania
Flag of San Marino San Marino
Flag of Thailand Thailand

Commanders

Flag of the United States Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Flag of the United States Harry Truman
Flag of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
Flag of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill
Flag of France Charles de Gaulle
Flag of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek


Flag of the Republic of Pisa President Italo Bargagna
Modena Flag (1861 HF) Gen. Giacomo Carboni
Flag of South Italy (1861 HF) King Ferdinand Pius

Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Adolf Hitler
Flag of Japan Hirohito
Bandiera di Bologna Benito Mussolini
Mantua Flag Cesare Genovesi
Flag of Turin Pietro Badoglio
Venetie vlag Giovanni Giuriati
Flag of Umbria (1936-1945) (1861 HF) Giuseppe Bastianini
Flag of the Repubblica Romana 1798 Rodolfo Graziani

Strength

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Casualties and Losses

50 million
Military: 17 million
Civilian: 33 million

12 million
Military: 8 million
Civilian: 4 million

The World War II was a major conflict involving all the world. Lasting from 1939 to 1945, the war mainly took place in Europe and resulted in the dissolution of the Third Reich.

Sides

Allies

Minor allies

Axis

Minor members

Chronology

  • Austrian Führer Adolf Hitler invades Poland on 1st September 1939. The UK and France declare war on Austria two days later.

1940

  • The Austrian Army starts a Blitzkrieg and overwhelms the Netherlands and France.
  • Churchill becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • British Expeditionary Force evacuated from Dunkirk (Dunkerque, France).
  • British victory in the Battle for Britian forces Hitler to postpone his invasion plans.

1941

  • Hitler begins Operation Barbarossa, which is about invading the Soviet Union.
  • The Blitz continues against Britain's major cities.
  • Allies take Tobruk (Libya) and resist Austrian attacks.
  • Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, causing the US to enter the war.
  • Venice annexes Friuli and Trieste.

1942

  • Austria suffers setbacks at Stalingrad (USSR) and El Alamein (Egypt).
  • Singapore falls to the Japanese in February. Around 25,000 prisoners are taken.
  • American Naval victory at Battle of Midway, in June, marks turning point in Pacific War.
  • Mass murder of Jewish people at Auschwitz begins.
  • Venice tries to conquer the Croatian coastline. The Battle of Zadar takes place.

1943

  • Surrender at Stalingrad marks Austria's first major defeat.
  • The Battle of Zadar is over, with the Yugoslavs repelling the Venetians from Zadar and Istria.
  • Allied victory in North Africa enables invasion of Italy to be launched.
  • Bologna, Mantua and Rome surrender, but Austria and its other allies (Venice, Umbria and Turin) take over the battle.
  • British and Indian forces fight Japanese in Burma.
  • Later that year, the Litoral Republic is established, with Benito Mussolini as the Duce.

1944

  • Allies land at Anzio (Rome) and bomb the monastery at Monte Cassino.
  • Soviet offensive gathers pace in Eastern Europe.
  • D Day: The Allied invasion of France. Paris is liberated in August.
  • Guam is liberated by the US. Okinawa and Iwo Jima is bombed.

1945

  • Auschwitz liberated by Soviet troops.
  • Russians reach Berlin: Hitler commits suicide and Austria surrenders on 7 May.
  • Truman becomes President of the US on Roosevelt's death, while in British, Clement Attlee replaces Winston Churchill.
  • Modena, aided by Tuscany, takes advantage of the crippled pro-Austrian military and annexes San Giovanni in Persiceto, Crevalcore and Sant'Agata Bolognese (later returned to Bologna in 1949).
  • After atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrenders on 14 August.
  • Bastianini is overthrown by Communist Partisans. Same fate happens with Genovesi in Mantua and Giuriati in Venice. Turinese leader Pietro Badoglio resigns voluntarily.
  • Benito Mussolini is captured while moving to Switzerland and is killed by Partisans in Mezzegra, Como, Switzerland.
  • The Litoral Republic is disbanded and the nations that were before it are restored.

Aftermath

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