World War Three was the largest war in human history, except possibly for the Unity wars. It pitted the Communist Bloc, lead by the USSR, China and Eastern Europe countries, against the Capitalist Bloc, led by the US and NATO nations. It started because of many minor incidents, giving the Communists an excuse to enact their "world conquest". The war lasted over eight years, and ended in a stalemate and the collapse of many governments around the world due to revolutions, economic collapse and riots.
As with many wars, the causes for WW3 are not set in stone, and there is a large amount of contradicting among historians on exactly why WW3 started. These are not the minor incidents, for they are not thought to be the reasons, but the actual driving forces of the declaration of war Here are the most accepted reasons for the war:
1. The buildup of weapons on the border between East and West Germany- During the short-lived Cold War, both sides, mainly the Communists, built up forces along the border of East and West Germany. The Soviet Union placed 500,000 troops in East Germany just after WW2 as a "peacekeeping force", and continued to increase it during the following years, forcing the capitalist nations to do the same.
|Beginning of the End|
2. The Pacific Alliance of 1950- In 1950, to help stop growing Communist power, the US, ROC (located in Taiwan), South Japan, and South Korea signed the Pacific Alliance, which was a mutual defence treaty. This angered the People's Republic of China, who didn't believe that the ROC existed, and claimed Taiwan; and the USSR, who had many disputes over Japanese and Chinese borders.
3. The Ideological hate between the Capitalists and the Communists- Simply put, the Communists and the Capitalists hated each other, and would take the smallest excuse to declare war on each other. The Communists planned for the "End of Capitalism", and the Capitalists wanted to "free the people of the USSR and PROC.
4. The conquest of Yugoslavia and Hungary, and the subsequent "Five Providences" Act- In 1949, the USSR infiltrated the governments of Yugoslavia and Hungary, and were able to institute revolutions to turn them Communist. The USSR then turned its Eastern European satellite states into five countries, much angering many people, but allowing greater Soviet control over the countries. Riots occurred all over Eastern Europe, but the new countries powerful militaries put them down.
World War 3
Declaration of War (February 2-9)
The First Months (February 2-March 21)
Invasion of Germany
On February 2nd, 1952, the Soviet Union and all of the Five Provinces as one declared war on all NATO nations. The East German 13th and 12th armoured division crossed the Inner German Border and began their advance towards the city of Hamburg, a mere 30 miles away. Meanwhile, many elements of the East German 1st Army covered the eastern flank of the 13th and 12th armoured divisions by advancing towards Lubek. The Second and Fifth Armies advanced along the western flank of the 12th and 13th armoured division, preparing to set up defenses along the Elbe River. Additionally, the Fourth Army, located along the border directly west of Magdeburg, made raids along the border as a way to take the tension off of the northern troops. The West German forces were taken completely by surprise, and took massive casualties. The West German Second Army, which was covering the Hamburg area, began to form its divisions into an emergency defensive line. The First and Third Armies were also told to move towards the border in a desperate attempt to contain the assault. By the end of the first day, fighting had reached to outskirts of Hamburg, and the city began evacuation. The next morning, on February 3rd, the East German forces had occupied the borough of Bergedorf and were prepared to enter the center of the city. A desperate attempt to hold the city was organized by Captain Von Thoren of the Third company of the West German 4th division. The fighting in inner Hamburg was intense, but the East Germans were able to capture the town hall by 1100 hours. The rest of the day was spent clearing out the town, and it ended in Soviet hands. The next three days saw The launch of the South German offensive towards Frankfurt, around 50 miles away. Additionally, Austrian troops began their assault towards Munich from the south and the east. The Communist forces had nearly nothing in their way, as the West Germans were suntil completely unorganized. The only area where the West Germans held any kind of reign over was the west bank of the Elbe, where the West Germans had still not been able to penetrate. By February 9th, one week after the invasion, fighting had reached to outskirts of Frankfurt and Austrian forces had brought the advance to within five miles of Munich. In the next week, Czech forces began their invasion out of southern West Germany, planned to link up with the Austrians and the East Germans. On February 13th, the East Germans completely occupied Frankfurt, and were told to halt their advance as their flanks were too exposed. The Fourth Army began their advance toward Hanover on February 13th, and within days they had covered 30 miles. The First Army continued the advance north to Denmark while the Second Army joined the Hamburg forces to attempt to break the Elbe line. On February 16th, French forces began to move into West Germany to help, along with a few Italian divisions. On February 19th, Hannover was captured, and the Czech and Austrian forces meet, creating one line. Additionally, the Elbe line was pressed back farther, and the capture of Hanover caused the West Germans to double up on themselves. On February 22nd, the West German 5th Armoured Division fighting outside of Munich was completely destroyed in the Battle of Vanshaven, creating a massive hole in the West German forces. On February 24th, The Elbe line was broken as a East German motorized division managed to cut their supply lines, and the continual attack from the Fourth Army in the South and the Second Army in the North broke them. This caused a rapid advance in Northern West Germany, causing the capture of Bremen only three days after that. On February 25th, The First Army had moved completely into Denmark, contributing to the Thirteenth and Eighth Soviet Armies already there. The Austrian and Czech forces combined managed to attack the outskirts of Stuttgart on February 28th, capturing the city on March 3rd. This rapid advance caused the French forces, in a move hated by West Germany, to retreat to the cover of the Maginot line and wait for the Communist forces there. In response to this, the British reprimanded the French and promised the West Germans that the two British divisions in Northern West Germany would not retreat. On March 5th, Americans landed on German soil for the first time, as the 32nd Infantry Division under the command of Captain Parker reenforced their British allies. However, the destruction of the British Fleet in Norway caused the additional two divisions not to land. On March 11th, in the Battle of Stafen, about 25 miles west of Stuttgart, caused the West German 8th Armoured Division to be routed. This made the southern West German forces to be excessively weak allowing the Czech and Austrian forces to advance further. On March 15th, the advance forces of the East German First Army were repulsed By Captain Parker in a stunning victory, causing a great rise in morale among the West German forces. On March 16th, the first attack on the Maginot Line commenced, with the French forces barely able to hold on but eventually defeating the Austrian forces. For the next six days, the front moved not more than a few miles as the East German, Austrian, and Czech forces were repulsed by the combined French, British, American, And West German might. However, the main Soviet forces, over half a million men, were due to arrive on March 24th.