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Alternate History

World 1840-1860 (Chaos)

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East Asia

1841: Ming China conquers Tungning (OTL Taiwan) back.

1842: The Himalaya states (Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Kashmir) accept China's authority again, after Tibet did so in 1829 already.

British Ceylon becomes independent again, confident that the Brits won't return.

1850s: Uprisings in China (influenced by ideas brought in by Christian missionaries) get out of control. Fifth Ming emperor toppled.

Second half of 19th century: The "Society of Brotherly Love" (influenced by Russian Orthodox missionaries) rages throughout China, trying to build a milleniarist kingdom, causing havoc everywhere. Many Chinese flee from China, as far as Atlantis or Antipodia.

1858: Pegu becomes a New Roman protectorate.

1859: Emperor Ludovico takes Ceylon, laying the foundation for his Indian empire.


Muslim world

1840/41: Uprising of Orthodox Greeks in Pontus. South Russia interferes, takes the province. Nationalist-religious movement comes to power in Seljuk lands, ends the sultanate, makes life harder for minorities.

1840s: Many Jews of the Seljuk republic leave for the Sinai, where they can live under New Roman protection.

1847: Emperor Benedetto has the new state of Judea proclaimed, giving the Jews officially independence.

1849: After the murder of Inayatullah V, Persia is governed by an elected council. However, the infighting weakens the empire in a dangerous way.

1851: Great uprising in Russian-occupied Choresm. The Southern army loses control over the biggest part of the country.

1853-58: Russians return to Choresm, defeat Muslim rebels. Their commander Pyotr Nesterov, called "the Terrible", has their irrigation structures destroyed, crippling Choresmian economy for indefinite time.

1850s/60s: After the Russian defeat in the Anti-Russian War, the Rum-Seljuks become harsh (bordering genocide) on the Greeks - hundreds of thousands, if not millions of Greeks are displaced from their villages and resettled by force in other parts of the empire, mostly central Anatolia. Many thousands of them die on their way, or resisting the better armed and organized Seljuks.

Russian lands

1846: Bohemian Crisis when Russia stations troops there. Germany, Sweden ally with New Rome against Russia.

1848-52: Allied Germanies, Sweden, Canada, Seljuks and New Rome fight Anti-Russian War. Although the population of the two Russias is higher than all its opponents combined, they soon face themselves in trouble: After their standing armies are defeated by their opponents armed with the modern needle guns, it takes a long time to arm, train and transport new soldiers to the front. Being cut off from imports, their soldiers are badly equipped. One century ago the Telegraph made Russia the most progressed nation on Earth, now the Chunkvophiles in the government who only think about stability can't handle a war against industrialized nations. Unrests among the peasants and the occupied nations (Poland, Choresm) finally tip the balance against Russia.

Socialist Britain sells arms to the allies, making a lot of money.

The anti-Russian War detailed:

(It can be generally said, since the coalition powers didn't have a united command, that New Rome and the Seljuks did the fighting against South Russia and its Orthodox Balkan allies, while everyone else fought mainly against Novorossiya.)

1848, July: The coalition of New Rome, the two Germanies, the Seljuks, Sweden and Canada declares war, invades Poland, Bohemia and Hungary.

1848, August: German-Swedish navies defeat Novorossiyan Baltic fleet.

At OTL Grand Tetons, the first of many battles between Germans and Russians in Atlantis happens.

1848, September: New Roman spies infiltrate the "empty circle", i.e. the area between Rockies and Sierra Nevada, Snake river and Colorado river, which Novorossiya claims. In practice, the area is home for a lot of communities - surviving Atlantean nations, sects, fled slaves and so on.

Swedish troops land at Oulu, start liberation of Finland.

1848, October: Germans have conquered all of Bohemia and Moravia, except for the Russian garrison of Prague.

1848, November: In the cavalry battle of Nagykörös, New Romans defeat the Russians. Hungary west of the Danube is liberated.

1848, December: Seljuks march into Pontic lands occupied by South Russia.

Winter of 1848/49: Northern Finland liberated.

1849, January: Canadian skiing troops score their first major victory against Russian near OTL Fairweather Lake.

1849, March: Bratislava conquered by Germans and Czechs. Germans in Herzogsberg (OTL Königsberg) rise up against Russia.

1849, April: Battle of Inowroclaw; with the help of uprising Poles, Germans throw Russian occupation army behind the Vistula.

In the battle of Medjugorje, the Serbs and Bosnians can stop the New Romans, using the difficult territory for their advantage. Emperor Benedetto decides to rather seek for the decision in Hungary, leaves Russia's satellites on the Balkan alone.

1849, May: Germans and Poles cross the Vistula at Sandomierz.

1849, July: Battle of Chelm. United armies of South Russia and Novorossiya beaten, have to retreat behind Bug river.

1849, August: Germans cross the Vistula, going into Prussia.

1849, September: Swedes take Tampere.

1849, October: German troops have reached Memel / Nyemen river.

1850, January: Battle of Drevesina (OTL Boise, Idaho).

1850, March: Battle of Békéscsaba. New Roman troops start reconquest of eastern Hungary.

1850, March: Germans start to besiege Riga.

1850, June: Battle of Plotzeck; Littauen (again) conquered by Germany.

1850, August: New Romans defeat the attacking Serbian-Romanian-Bulgarian troops at Vinkovci, Croatia.

1850, September: New Romans take Khust (Carpatho-Ukraine), concluding their conquest of Hungary.

1850, October: Germans conquer Estonia, except for the capital Reval / Tallinn.

1850: After the liberation of Prussia and Poland, the German politicians decide to strike at Russia's heart, driven by their wish for revenge. Emperor Benedetto whose troops just conquered Eger is surprised to hear they don't want to make peace.

1851, May: German-Polish-Czech troops take Minsk.

1851, July: Battle of Vitebsk; last big battle before Moscow, since the Novorussians now retreat.

1851, August: Vanhakaupunki (OTL Helsinki) taken by Swedes.

1851, November: German main army destroyed (with help by general winter) at the little city of Moscow. The front has to be taken back behind Lake Peipus and the former east border of Prussia.

1852, February: Canadian commander Jacob Andrews (later president) manages to land on Vancouver island at night, the first step to conquer it.

1852, May: In the peace of Constantinople, Prussia, Poland, and Greater Bohemia change into the German sphere of influence. Hungary becomes a satellite of New Rome. Seljuks take Pontus and Thrace back. The thinly settled hinterland of Russian Atlantis goes to Canada (which gains access to the Pacific) and German Atlantis, the Great Desert (the lands between Snake river, Colorado river, Sierra Nevada and Rockies - about OTL Utah and Nevada) to New Rome. Finland and Estonia become Swedish again.

(Sorry if this sounds like anti-Russian wank. True, the coalition had better weapons like the needle gun, and fought an opponent, but still. In reality, the Russians will have won the one or other little battle not mentioned here - and the winners probably will prefer to stay silent too.)

1850s: After the humiliating defeat, Russia decides to modernize, building railroads and factories.

Europe

1840: After having sailed to Swedish Helgoland, admiral Carleton strikes when the "divine wind" blows the right way. The completely surprised republican government has the workers of London armed to defend them.

1841: Second English Revolution. After the defeat of the admiral, Socialist leader and former bartender Charles Pounder takes power in London, declares the "People's State of England".

Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands form the Mitteleuropäischer Zollverein (Central European Custom Union), also making the German Thaler common currency. Later the MEZV is joined by Greater Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, who start to approximate Germany, if only for the fear of Russia.

1841-44: Second English Civil War. With the help of the rail workers, the Socialists gain the upper hand against monarchists and moderated republicans; many of the latter flee to Canada, of the former to New Albion (including the highest clerics, who soon decide to move with the pope to bigger Antipodia, however).

The land of the crown and the nobles is divided between the small peasants and land workers; in the cities, the workers take control of the factories. The Bank of England and other government offices are taken over by the Socialist leadership.

1846: Socialists overwhelm last resistors in Scotland, Wales and Ireland, adding them to their sphere of influence.

1847: Emperor Alessandro I dies, having appointed the governor of Milan successor, who becomes emperor Benedetto.

1848: Charles Pounder sits over the first "all-British Round", the quasi-parliament. All the factions of Socialist Britain are represented here: The peasants, the workers, the artisans, the soldiers and sailors, the government workers, the pro-Socialist priests, and the teachers and doctors, the only intellectual professions. During the next years, they give Socialist Britain a new constitution, introduce conscription as a part of the new "People's Army" and start government work.

1853: Emperor Benedetto dies. Some suspect the Russians behind it. Before his death, he appointed the governor of Turin new emperor Ludovico, who'll prove to be exceptionally competent.

After the end of the war, British factories can't sell arms anymore. Socialists triple the prices for many industrial products, to "let the monetarists bleed dry" (and live a better life). For short time, this works out, since Britain was the highest industrialized country of the world; but then, the other countries have learned enough to take up the British advance, built their own factories, and British exports plummet.

1857: Young Tom Liverpool (an orphan) invents a primitive telephone in Socialist Britain. He has to find out that he doesn't get very much for his invention, although the Socialist government uses it.

Another earthquake in Naples.


Atlantis

1840: Gold Rush in Northern California. People from all parts of Northern and Central Atlantis try their luck - Spaniards, Russians, Germans, Italians, even English- and French-speaking Canadians, Mexica, other native Atlanteans, and run-away Arab and African slaves. The population of the area explodes from 50,000 (mostly Russians) to more than a quarter of a million. In fact, many Russian-settled lands in Atlantis are depopulated by the rush.

1841: Formerly Spanish California added to New Rome.

1843: Isthmus of Central Atlantis occupied by New Rome.

1845/46: Mexico conquered by New Rome, which now governs all of Atlantis except for Canada and the lands of the Germans and Russians.

1852: North California with its mixed population becomes independent, forming a buffer between Germany, Canada, Russia and New Rome.

1854: Canada founds Vancouver (same place as OTL), planning to build a Pacific fleet.

1857: Earthquake in Southern California (OTL Fort Tejon), maybe the strongest earthquake of history in the region.

1859: Canadian president Jacob Andrews gives the remains of the British Pacific fleet a new home in Canada, thus gaining the core of a professional navy, which can even rival those of New Rome and Russia. This also means Canada can successfully claim British islands in the Pacific - including New Caribbea (OTL New Guinea).

Africa and Antipodia

1842: Temne conquer Macenta (OTL Guinea).

1847: Jukun have to pay tribute to Igbira.

1849: Potato crisis in Ireland. Many of them emigrate to Antipodia (OTL Australia), which population more than doubles in short time. Until then, the Irish already had the clear population majority in Antipodia's thinly settled North, South and West, and a smaller majority (60%) in the South-East, but now they clearly outnumber the English everywhere.

1850: Irish rebel in Antipodia, kick out the English, who only keep control of OTL Tasmania. The continent is renamed Tir Tairngire (non-Irish people prefer to speak of Tirland, however).

1851: Douala conquers Bertoua (both OTL Cameroon).

1854: Ashanti conquer Wa, Loba become shortly independent again.

1856: First Irish pope (named Patricius I, like all of them) elected in Antipodia. He announces that "a Time of Humbleness has come for the Holy Roman Catholic Church... now we will live and meditate in the desert, like the old patriarchs and eremits once did, until the day when God decides to smile upon us again". This marks the beginning of the Irish-Catholic church.

1858: Loba conquered by Baoule.

Chaos TL in blocks
Earlier in time:

World 1820-1840

World

1840-1860

Later in time:

World 1860-1880

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