Alternate History

World 1750-1775 (Chaos)

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East Asia

1756: Spain allies with Nippon against Novorossiya and Corea, starts converting the Nipponese and modernizing their army.

1761/62: Kyushu Uprising against Corea, Nippon reunited.

1763: Reacting to their defeat, Corea gets closer to Novorossiya - building telegraph lines, importing new weapons, and even letting Orthodox missionaries into the country.

1766: Indochinese League falls apart, when Khmer conquer Champa.

1774: Pegu (S Burma) invades N Burma, where they meet Chinese troops and (more or less) surprisingly defeat them.

Muslim world

1751: Shah Inayatullah I of Persia removes his nephew Dost Mohammad to secure the throne for his son Inayatullah II.

1752-57: Persia fights the Rum-Seljuks, South Russia joins them; Armenia liberated, Syria and Palestine go to Persia. The Seljuk empire now is reduced to Anatolia, Greece, Bulgaria and OTL Romania.

1758: "Young Seljuks" topple the sultan Süleyman VIII, make new sultan Kay Khusrau X create a constitution, which introduces a kind of a parliament (all adult educated male Muslims may elect representatives).

1768: Egypt uses the opportunity and takes French Sinai. France is cut off from Asia again.

1773: First telegraph in Persia.

Russian lands

1750s: Steppe Wars begin. Novorussians fight the various steppe people (Kirghiz, Kara-Kitai, even what remains of the Kipchaks) between Russia and Choresm (OTL Kazakhstan).

1754: First telegraph line in another country but Novorossiya, connecting Kiev and Chernigov.

1765: Dynamo invented in Novorossiya.

1770-79: Russian Civil War. Novorossiya and Kiev-Chernigov defeat Vladimir-Suzdal, send the Czar to exile, divide Vladimir between them.

Central Europe

1758: First telegraph line in a Catholic country (Hungary).

1761: The protector of Venice dies. Traditionally the new one has to be appointed by the French king, which can't happen due to France lacking a king. Italy uses the opportunity and annexes Venice, including Dalmatia, since France is distracted.

The Seljuks also strike, take the Venetian islands in the Agaean.

1762: First telegraph in Italy.

1764: First telegraph in Poland.

1765: Duke Franz III of Bavaria dies. Franconia-Pomerania and Württemberg-Austria make claims, since the appointed successor doesn't descend in direct male line from the Wittelsbachs. He manages to defend his lands in the short Southern German War (1766/67), though.

1768: First telegraph in a German state (Bavaria).

1770: Joaquin / Gioacchino, last surviving male of the Alvarez dynasty (there are rumors that his cousin and predecessor was killed because of taking Nouvelle France), becomes king of Italy.

Charles VI of Hungary also dies, leaving the country in a critical situation to his comparably less competent son.

Western Europe

1755, November 1st: Earthquake of Lissabon. After more than 50 years of Spanish suppression, this event breaks the spirit of the Portuguese. Many leave the country for Guinea.

1759: First telegraph in Sweden.

1762: In the French estates, the majority of the Third Estate advocates making France a republic for the first time.

1763: After a bad harvest, peasants revolt and march to Paris. The Third Estate also feels threatened, demands reforms (like allowing the peasants to hunt) mostly at the expense of the nobles. The estates are split, but many clerics and lower nobles are pragmatic enough to support the Third Estate, so the reforms are pushed through. The conservative opposition takes this as an affront, leaves the assembly. With this step, the remaining assembly becomes more and more radical.

Later that year: The first written constitution is introduced. It gives power for legislation to a parliament, which is elected by all adult male citizens above a certain level of income.

Even later that year: First elections. France is officially made a republic.

1764: Early in the year, the duke of Guise protests the reforms, raises troops and takes power in NE France. The assembly decides to fight him, makes a law, forcing all the nobles and clerics to swear an oath on the new constitution. Those who resist are disowned.

1764-67: French Civil War.

1765: Governors of Nouvelle France, Algeria, Caroline and Louisiane declare independence - until France has a king again. Lacking a navy (because the mostly noble captains don't want to fight for a republic and thus deserted), France can't take them back.

Despite of the War, France builds its first telegraph line.

1768: After the death of the more cool-headed kings Humphrey III and Humphrey IV of Britain and Héctor II of Spain, who were self-assured enough not to be impressed by the king-less situation of France, diplomatic tensions to France rapidly worsen. The first French Republican War begins. Savoy, the Netherlands, even Hungary under hesitating Charles VI and many German states join the coalition; only Italy stays neutral.

1768, September: Battle of Verdun. German armies defeat French.

1769: France orders the "levee en masse", creating the republican armies.

The pope flees from Avignon, first down the Rhone river to Corse, but later moves his seat to Toledo, Spain, since Italy doesn't want to enter the war. In Spain, he outspeaks decidedly against republicanism, further encouraging the "monarchist crusade" feeling among the reigning classes in Europe. There are some hopes among conservatives that this may bring the national churches closer together and give the pope more power.

1769, April: British troops land in Aquitaine, to unite with the Spaniards.

1769, May: Battle of Aix-en-Provence - "the blackest day for the house of Savoy": Crown prince Filiberto is captured by the French, his brother Filippo and their cousin (also named Filippo) die in battle.

1769, August: Battle of Belfort. French kick out German troops from French soil. However, the Swiss Confederation now enters the war against France.

1770, March: Battle of De Panne. French defeat Dutch, who complain that the Brits didn't support them.

1770, July: British-Spanish army defeated before Limoges. Spain retreats from France, fights defensively.

1770, September: Battle of Pont-a-Mousson. German-Swiss-Hungarian troops defeated by French.

1771, February: Spaniards fight off French attack against the Pyrenees.

1771, July: Battle of Saarbrücken. French occupy SW Germany between Mosel and Rhine rivers.

1771, November: French Royalists in Algeria attempt a landing, supported by the Spanish navy, in South France. The landing itself is successful, but the people doesn't rise against the republic, and the landed troops are defeated. Many ships have to be abandoned.

1772, January: After the French used the holidays to move their armies, while the Spaniards were celebrating, Catalonia is overrun by the French.

1772, April: Battle of Maasmechelen. Last German-Dutch army defeated.

1772: Peace of Brussels. All the German lands west of the Rhine are annexed by France, plus the lands of Berg and Baden at the right bank. So are Spain north of the Ebro, French-speaking Switzerland, the Alsace, (old) Savoy and Nice. Switzerland is neutralized again.

In the HRE, the first Pole (king Stanislaw III of the Koniecpolski family) is elected emperor.

Uprisings in Portugal against Spanish rule start again.


1751: Spain discovers Hawaii, claims the island chain, starts radical Christianization.

1752: Denmark-Braunschweig and Italy make a contract about their lands in Atlantis, which gives Italy OTL southern tip of Illinois.

1760: First Russian settlement in Atlantis (Novorossisk, on Vancouver island) gets representation in the Central Vyetje.

1769: King Francesco III occupies the valuable Caribbean colony Nouvelle France (OTL Haiti) for Italy. The other powers protest, since they can't interfere.

1771: As one of his first deeds, Gioacchino sends troops to Atlantis and attacks Caroline, south of Italia Nuova, which is conquered and added to Italia Nuova until 1773.


1751: Igbira attacked by Idoma, but can defend successfully. Kingdom of Macenta (OTL Guinea) established.

1752: Idoma attack Igbira again, this time with the help of Igala, but again without success. Kingdom of Suyani (OTL Ghana) established.

1753: Sokodé and Abomey kingdoms clash. Kingdom of Ngaoundérè (OTL Cameroon) established.

1754: We defend against attack of Gbarnga. Kingdom of Toura and Dan (OTL Ivory Coast) established.

1755: After allying with the kingdom of Tiv, Idoma and Igala beat Igbira, but leave after getting tribute paid. Kingdom of Gwari (OTL Nigeria) established.

1756: Igbira kingdom builds the fortress of Lokoja, which controlls the place where the Benue river meets Niger river. Thus, Songhay is cut off from the sea and has to pay a toll. Kingdom of Senoufo (OTL Ivory Coast) established. Baoule clashes with Gouro.

1757: Igbira denies paying tribute, coalition of Tiv, Idoma and Igbala defeated before Lokoja. Kingdom of Tamale (OTL Ghana) established.

1758: Kingdom of Koranko (OTL Sierra Leone) established. Ashanti defeat against attack of Ho and Accra kingdoms, hold the line of Pra river.

1759: Igbira attacked by the coalition again, but defends with success. Kingdom of Borim (OTL Nigeria) established. Bete conquer Bakwe.

1760: Kingdom of Bertoua (OTL Cameroon) established. Border clash of Labé with Songhay.

1761: Kingdom of Koulango (OTL Ivory Coast) established. Malinke fight against Senoufo. War between Yaounde and Douala.

1762: Kingdom of Bauchi (OTL Nigeria) established. Akie (OTL Ivory Coast) conquered and divided between Abe and Agno.

1763: Igbira conquers Igala. Kingdom of Garoua (OTL Cameroon) established. Kingdom of Dioula (OTL Ivory Coast) established.

1764: Kingdom of Margi (OTL Nigeria) established. Dida conquers Godie. Songhay defeats Macente, forces them to pay tribute.

1765: Kingdom of Kono (OTL Sierra Leone) established. Tiv conquer Bamenda (OTL Cameroon).

1766: Kingdom of Loba (OTL Ivory Coast) established. Krou conquer Neyo again. Malinke fight against Toura and Dan.

1767: Kingdom of Wa (OTL Ghana) established. Baoule conquers Gouro.

1768: Kingdom of Kamberi (OTL Nigeria) established. Igbira conquers their old enemy, Idoma. Dida conquered by Abe.

1769: Kingdom of Maroua (OTL Cameroon) established. Kono-Koranko War.

1770: Kingdom of Kanuri (OTL Nigeria) established. Bafatá conquers Labé. Ashanti defeat Sunyani, get tribute.

1771-73: Costly war between Malinke and Senoufo.

1772: Kingdom of Tenkodogo (OTL Burkina Faso) established. Temne conquer Koranko.

1774: Yoruba make border war against Edo.

1775: Kingdom of Dedougou (OTL Burkina Faso) established. Lomé conquers Sokodé.

Chaos TL in blocks
Earlier in time:

World 1725-1750



Later in time:

World 1775-1800

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