Alternate History

World 1700-1725 (Chaos)

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East Asia

1702: Corea makes a strategical alliance with the Russians against Nippon.

1703, silvester: Earthquake of Edo (OTL Tokyo). More than 100,000 victims.

1707: Champa (S Vietnam) stops paying tribute to Hong, with impunity. The example is soon followed.

30,000 Nipponese killed by Tokaido-Nankaido tsunami.

1714-25: Indian War. Persia (backed by France) fights Vijayanagar (backed by Britain, Sweden, Netherlands).

1721: Sea battle of Jeju island. Corean-Russian fleet defeats Nipponese. Nipponese piracy restricted.

Muslim world

Early 18th century: Songhay introduces the Printing Press, getting help from Seljuk Egypt.

1701-04: After a plague hits Southern Russia, the Rum-Seljuks use the opportunity to strike against the Dvoryan / Dosor republics. Although Kiev-Chernigov supports them, the Seljuks (who have the better medical science) defeat them several times, re-establishing their rule in many cities at the Black Sea.

1708-15: Italian-Russian-Seljuk War. Italy finally takes Seljuk Italy back. In the following years, they start resettling the wasted and depopulated (by war, Seljuk slave-catchers and emigration to Atlantis and Tunis) parts of Southern Italy. The city of Tripolis also becomes Italian. South Russia finally kicks the Seljuks out from OTL Ukraine, this time including Crimea.

1717-23: France uses the opportunity, allies with Persia and strikes against the Seljuks in the Fourth French-Seljuk War. The French again occupy the Sinai and Aden, while Persia takes the prestigious Holy Cities of Islam. This time, Jerusalem is left alone.

1720s: Rebellion of the Georgians and Armenians against Seljuk rule begins.

Russian lands

Early 18th century: At the university of Yenisseisk, the Russians make several progresses concerning electricity (knowing galvanization and the voltaic pile from China), even a primitive telegraph (not ready for use, though).

1702: Threatened by the Seljuks, the Dvoryan republics make a closer alliance with Kiev-Chernigov. The Czar founds a Duma, representing old and new Russian lands.

1707: Paper-based currency introduced in Novorossiya for the first time.

1708-17: Anti-Czarist uprisings in the area of Novgorod.

1715: Novorossiya enters the fights between Novgorodians and the Czar. After defeating the Czarist troops in the battle at the Tobol, the whole North of Vladimir-Suzdal is ceded to Novorossiya. Old Novgorod becomes a honorable Old City of Novorossiya.

1720s: Novorossiya has to fight down an uprising of the Jurchen / Nuzhen, finally successful.

Central Europe

~1700: The Bronze Age of the Netherlands. After the won war against France, the country can rebuild its former strength - although other powers, like England, France, Italy and Spain are now active in trade too. Fortunately, at least Sweden with its colony Australia (South Africa) and the Indian trade is Dutch-friendly.

1701: Margrave and elector Heinrich V takes power in Brandenburg-Silesia, ending the collegial government of Sweden, Prussia and Franconia-Pomerania over his country.

1712: Charles / Károly VI becomes king of Hungary. During his long reign, he reforms Hungary - taking many ideas and technologies from Russia (thus indirectly, China).

1722: After the death of king (and Roman emperor) Eduard IV, the Netherlands are united in personal union with Sweden-Norway-Mecklenburg. France objects the unification.

1724: France finds an ally in Luxemburg; Dutch Succession War (also called Dutch Unification War) begins.

Western Europe

1703: Council of Cork ends again with a compromise. The Catholic church stays formally united, but the pope has become a mere figurehead. The kings and princes are even allowed to change the doctrine in their lands, "as long as those changes are justified by the special character of their countries" and don't contradict the bible too much.

1709: King Kristian III of Denmark killed by court members after trying to force the church to canonize him while alive. Other kings, however, like the kernel of the idea and declare their birthday, coronation day and so on national holidays in the next decades.

1715: Sweden enters the war against Vladimir-Suzdal, to get the once lost parts of Finland and Estonia back. Poland also enters the war, for the former princedoms Polozk and Turov-Pinsk.

1718-23: Ireland conquered by England.


Since ~1700: Poor Italians (mostly from the South), often with differing religious ideas, settle west of the Appalachians, in the Tenesi (yes, OTL Tennessee) area.

Many French settlers leave upper Mississippi area, go to Louisiane.

1700: Denmark-Braunschweig founds the ninth land, at the shores of Lake Erie.

1706: King Piero / Pedro of Italy has a third son, whom he appoints "prince of Atlantis" (the other two being prince of Africa [OK, Tunis + Tripolis] and prince of the Islands [ Sardinia and Corsica, Sicily, Malta] respectively).

1706-14: War against the Five Nations (actually seven nations meanwhile, the historical five ones and the Monacan and Connestoga in addition, being displaced earlier by European settlers). Historians agree that this war helped the mixed German-Danish-English-Dutch-Polish population very much to become a community. The war proves to be very hard, since the French left the Five Nations equipped with guns and boats.

1707-10: Uprising of Aymara defeated by Tawantinsuyu (the Inca empire), Aymara displaced to the Southern tip of Atlantis.

1709: Last free Maya cities conquered by Spaniards.

1718/19: Inca lose border war against Spain, have to pay a big tribute in silver (which is more important for the Spaniards than gaining land).

1723: Inca make first trade agreement with Russians.

Rest of the world

Early 1700s: After the defeat of the Portuguese makes the waters of West Africa safer for Muslims ships, Songhay sends ships to the Congo kingdoms, starting trade and cultural exchange.

Britain and Sweden try to lure the Congo kingdoms on their side, away from France and Portuguese-influenced Guinea.

1704: English ships go west from Cape Hoorn, (re-)discover Australia and New Zealand, which are called Antipodia and New Albion respectively. England takes claim of these lands, but for quite some while they stay in the shadow of the English colonies in North and South Atlantis.

1710s: Uprisings in Portugal suppressed. Many Portuguese flee to Guinea.

1712: Joao de Gouveia, son of a fled Portuguese nobleman and his African mistress, becomes self-proclaimed king of the Ijaw people in the Niger delta.

1716-18: Britain makes further discoveries in the Pacific Ocean, claims many islands. As a surprise comes the rediscovery of the island Tahiti, finding a Christian, mostly English-descended population who believe that the Plantagenet dynasty still reigns in the Triple Monarchy of England-Castille-Portugal.

1717: Sherbro people (coast of OTL Sierra Leone) united.

1721: Kingdom of Lomé (OTL Togo) established.

1722: Joao de Gouveia conquers the Ibibio people.

1724: Kingdom of Kamsar (OTL Guinea) established.

1725: France and Persia make an agreement about Ethiopia. Both nations are allowed to trade with the land, it's not forced to switch religion in any way, but has to pay tribute to both of them.

See also: Rest of the world 1600-1700

Chaos TL in blocks
Earlier in time:

World 1675-1700



Later in time:

World 1725-1750

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