Alternate History

World 1675-1700 (Chaos)

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See also: Rest of the world 1600-1700

East Asia

1680s: Choresmians make incursions in Chinese territory.

1689-94: Javan War between Majapahit, Johor and several smaller kingdoms. The Pax Sinica in this part of the world is over.

1695: Nipponese claim Ezo / Hokkaido back. Novorossiya protests. The Hong emperor (theoretically still overlord of both countries) rules that the Russians rightfully own Ezo, which the Nipponese won't tolerate.

1699: Nipponese pirates attack Novorussian ships.

Muslim world

1683: Rum-Seljuks enter the Anti-French War, for the first time as allies of Christian powers.

1687, August: Siege of Jerusalem ends with the French capitulation.

1688: The wazir Dost Mohammad takes power as Persian shah after the dynasty dies out.

1694: Seljuks get Sinai, Palestine and Aden back from France.

1700: France makes an alliance with Persia, against Seljuks and Vijayanagar.

Russian lands

1678-84: Novorossiya conquers the Jurchen / Nuzhen.

1685-87: Novorossiya sends the first expedition coming from the East to Europe, going around Africa to reach old Novgorod.

1686: Vladimir-Suzdal enters the anti-French War, although fighting only against Poland.

1690: In the peace of Minsk, Poland cedes the former Prussian province Wolhynien (the old Russian princedoms Turov-Pinsk and parts of Halicz-Volhyn) to Vladimir, which leaves the war.

1691/92: After an uprising of the until then pro-Hong Merkites, they're conquered by Novorossiya too.

1693: Vladimir-Suzdal has to cede the northern lands between Ural and Kama to Novorossiya, as repayment of their war debts, being unable to pay them back.

1700: (Population of Russia at this time: Vladimir 27 million, Kiev-Chernigov 32 million, Novorossiya 18 million - including 4 million non-Russians)

Central Europe

1676-79: With French help, Nassau defeats the Gottesfreistaat Münster, annexes it. Many Münsteraner flee to Atlantis. Denmark-Braunschweig is angered somewhat because France promised them earlier to get all of Münster.

1680: Heinrich IV of Brandenburg dies. His son is unable to govern, which he is aware of. So he decides that Brandenburg-Silesia shall be governed by a collegium of the other members of the Baltic League (Kristina I of Sweden, Johann IX of Hohenzollern and Balthasar II of Prussia) until there's a capable heir to take over.

1681: Johann IX of Hohenzollern (of Franconia-Pomerania) dies without heirs too. New French king François V declares the collegial government over Brandenburg-Silesia and Franconia-Pomerania for illegal.

France annexes the Margravate of Baden, against all the rules, laws and traditions. Even France's allies in Germany aren't willing to take these excesses anymore.

1682: The (several times postponed) election for HREmperor. (Several candidates, like crown prince Humphrey of England and king Humphrey I himself, died at an inconvenient time, and the anti-French groups had to look for new candidates, since queen Kristina of Sweden isn't electable.) Finally, after a turbulent election, king Francisco of Sicily is elected emperor Franz IV by Brandenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Jülich-Berg, the Netherlands, Palatinate (until then controlled by France), while François V ("the other Franz", as the Germans call him) is elected by Poland, Württemberg-Austria, Nassau, Braunschweig and Luxemburg. François V doesn't want to accept the result of the election, which was admittedly quite unclear (are the votes of French-occupied Luxemburg and collegially governed Brandenburg valid?).

1683, February: Battle of Ansbach. Franconian army has to retreat.

1683, April: Battle of Thorn. Baltic League battles Poles for a draw.

1684: France allies with the relatives of the duke of Brandenburg to claim the throne of said country against Sweden and Prussia.

1685: Elector Magnus of Saxony-Wittenberg-Lauenburg dies. Theoretically, his lands would go to his Ascanian relatives in Brandenburg, but as was said, the status of Brandenburg is difficult - besides, the Ascanians would get two electoral votes with that. This causes some clashes between the anti-French German states.

1685, April: Battle of Jülich. French army defeated, has to retreat from Northern Rhineland.

1685, September: Battle of Coburg. German troops drive the French-Württembergian armies back.

1686: Uprisings in Württemberg against unpopular duke Karl II begin. The brothers Eberhard and Ludwig (also of his family, the Eberhardiner!) leave his state and go to Hesse, to fight against him and France.

1686, February: Battle of Schlitz. France's allies in Germany (Nassau, Braunschweig, Württemberg) prevented from unificating; link up of Baltic League with Dutch, Brabant.

1687, Fall: Bohemian army of Hungary plunders margravate of Meissen.

1688: Sicily and Florence unite, form the Italian kingdom. France doesn't want to acknowledge it as a kingdom, since Sicily wasn't acknowledged either and Florence is still a grand duchy. Florence / Italy enters the war on the coalition's side, invades Venice, Savoy.

1688, October: Battle of Mantua. Armies of Savoy and Venice defeated, driven back.

1689, September: Battle of Göppingen. Troops of duke Karl II defeated, Württemberg occupied. Brothers Eberhard and Ludwig declared rightful rulers.

1690: Italian cardinals elect a new pope in Rome, declare him to be the legitimate pope. France's other opponents also accept him as pope.

Baltic League installs a Polish anti-king, which throws Poland into Civil War and takes a lot of pressure from the Baltic League.

1690, August: Battle of Oppeln. Hungarian army marches into Silesia.

1691, July: Battle of Magdeburg. French-Braunschweiger army crosses the Elbe. This threat leads to the Baltic League rallying against the invaders, finally turning the table.

1692, April: Danish army defeated at the battle of Güstrow, Mecklenburg, can't help the French.

1692, August: Battle of Lublin. The king's troops defeated by the rebels.

1692, September: Battle of Pinne. Baltic League defeats Polish loyalists and Hungarians.

1693: Earthquake of Sicily. The old royal palace is also destroyed, helping king Francisco / Francesco I to move the court to Rome.

1693, July: Battle of Brünn. Last Austrian army defeated. Karl II of Württemberg-Austria goes to exile in Hungary.

1694, March: Siege of Bratislava broken - a last victory for the Bourbons.

1694: Peace of Amsterdam. France has to give up its allies: Denmark's Norway becomes Swedish (although Braunschweig may keep Schleswig and Holstein), Portugal Spanish, Scotland English. In Atlantis, Virginia (OTL Georgia) and eastern Nouvelle France (OTL Hispaniola) become Spanish, Quebec (OTL Ontario) English, Louisiane north of the Arkansas is divided between Italy (the South) and Denmark-Braunschweig (the North). Prince-Haralds-Land (OTL Newfoundland) is ceded by the latter to England. The Pyrenees become the new French-Spanish border. Luxemburg-Lorraine is given back to Karl XI of Brabant-Limburg. Baden is restored. Switzerland receives the lands lost too, but has to promise neutrality. Milan, Ravenna and Genoa become Italian, to drive a wedge between Savoy and Venice. Flanders, Hennegau / Hainaut become Dutch again. Karl II of Württemberg-Austria deposed, Eberhard X (his father is counted as Eberhard IX, although he never officially reigned) becomes new grand duke, together with his brother Ludwig V. The Alliance des Alpes is dissolved. The Mexican Empire becomes a Spanish colony.

1694: The situation in Franconia-Pomerania is solved when a passable heir (Friedrich von Hohenzollern, who becomes Friedrich IX) is found in Atlantis. Franconia-Pomerania becomes a new electorate instead of Saxony-Wittenberg-Lauenburg, which is united with Brandenburg-Silesia.

Western Europe

1676: In France, the first world map that includes (more or less) exact coastlines for all Old World continents (except the polar areas) and Atlantis is published.

1682-94: Anti-French War. Spain, England, Sicily, Netherlands, the Baltic League (Sweden, several German states) unite against France and its allies Hungary, Poland, Württemberg-Austria, Nassau, Savoy, Venice, Denmark-Braunschweig, Scotland and Portugal. Many areas in northern, western and southern Germany devastated, as are in Poland.

1682, October: Sea battle of Bornholm. Sweden defeats the Danish Baltic fleet, can link up with their allies in the South.

1683, June: Battle of Groningen. A thrust from Nassau is defeated by the Dutch and English.

1683, October: Battle of Valladolid. Portuguese have to retreat.

1684, June: Battle of Ypres. Dutch-Brabant army defeated, has to retreat behind the Rhine. King François declares all their lands south of the Rhine to be part of France.

1684, July: Battle of the Lowlands. Glasgow and Edinburgh besieged by English.

1684, September: Battle of Bergen. Sweden links up with England.

1685, May: Battle of Zaragoza. Spanish cross the Ebro, occupy most of Catalonia, although the French still hold Navarre and Barcelona.

1686, May: Battle of Orkney. Danish and Scottish fleet defeated, Scottish islands occupied.

1690, April: Sea battle of Ibiza. United Spanish-Italian fleet defeats French-Savoy fleet.

1693: King Humphrey II of England dies surprisingly. The new English king is only ten years old. In France, advisors tell the new king François VI that he should continue the war, since the tide could turn again. (It won't.)

1693, March: Battle of Roussilon. Spanish troops cross the Pyrenees, invade French territory.

1694, January: Battle of Coimbra. English-Spanish troops occupy the city, panic strikes Portugal.

1695: After the death of the old pope in Avignon, a new council is started in Cork to reconciliate the church.


1677-82: Tawantinsuyu (the Inca empire) defeats Aymara, reconquer the former South of their old empire, stretching to Chile / Argentine now.

1687, November: Battle of Kingsburgh (OTL Montreal). French-Atlantean troops have to cease the siege and retreat to French Quebec (OTL Ontario).

1688, March: Battle of Metztitlan. Spaniards thrust deep into Mexico, link up with anti-government groups.

1689, November: Sea battle of Martinsburg. Danish fleet destroyed by English and Italians.

1692: "The wild ride": Friedrich von Hohenzollern, a German in the service of the governor of Italia Nuova, fights his way through the French colony of Caroline with his cavalry troops, finally linking up with the Spaniards in Florida.

1694: Mexico becomes a Spanish colony; the last Tenochca ruler Acamapichtli II has to go to exile in France.

Chaos TL in blocks
Earlier in time:

World 1650-1675



Later in time:

World 1700-1725

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