|Continents and Regions|
*Not to be taken too seriously.
World is primarily referring to planet Earth, especially when capitalized the World. Unlike the term "earth", "world" (like the term international and the adjective of globe, global) is used in combination with the core topics describing our world society or world community.
As of 2006, there are an estimated 1.68 billion (1,680,000,000) people on Earth. The League of Nations council on population has declared that the Earth is "moderately overpopulated", meaning that if the population stays the same, much of the Earth will be degraded to some extent. The council has stated that 1.2 billion is the population to aim for. Presently, the population is relatively stable. However, the population of the 100 poorest countries in the world is still slightly growing, with an average of 2.6 children per woman. Still, it is said that quick action by governments, through education and birth control measures (condoms are now free in all of the 100 poorest countries, for example), have saved the earth from being even more overpopulated than it currently is. Population figures (in millions) are below.
- 1900: 940
- 1950: 1,370
- 2000: 1,660
- 2006: 1,680
- 2050: 1,520
- 2100: 1,310
The world is extremely complex, and economies range from primitive hunter-gatherer societies to the most modern capitalist urban areas. Many methods are used to compare economies and chart economic growth (or collapse). Most do not take into account traditional societies so some areas that seem to be poor may actually just be traditional subsistance societies that do not care to become capitalists. One method that takes many variables into account is the "Life Richness Index". The LRI takes into account "Gross Domestic Product Per Capita" (GDPPC), "Purchasing Power Parity" (PPP), and "Job Difficulty" (including how hard the labor is, and what the working hours are). Below are the 5 top-scoring and bottom-scoring countries.
Top Five Countries according to the LN Life Richness Index:
Note: None of the top 5 countries measured by LRI listed above are the top 5 countries measured just by GDP. However, this is overcome by other factors. (For example, the average work-week in Catatania is 4 days per week and an average of 6 hours per workday, with 5 weeks off per year. In Sundarapore, wages are relatively high (as with Catatania) but prices are generally quite low, boosting the PPPGDPPC considerably.)
International laws, which many nations have signed on to, dictate how much people are allowed to work and what the minimum work conditions can be. Sweat shops, which are still around in some countries, have largely disappeared with these laws coming into effect. Dangerous jobs, too, are nearly extinct, except for a few cases such as in the case of police officers, military troops, and rescue workers like firefighters.
Worldwide, out of modern industrial and service jobs, the average number of hours worked per week stands at around 38. In most of the Occident, this figure is considerably lower. For example, in such countries as France and Catatania, it is illegal to work more than 35 hours per week. If a person does work more than that, overtime is not an option, and instead, the extra work will count as vacation later. Below is a partial list of average work hours (including lunch) and paid vacation time (not including holidays) for freshmen office workers in different countries.
- Catatania - 30 hrs/wk, 30 days paid vacation
- New England - 34 hrs/wk, 25 days paid vacation
- Jonggwo - 37.5 hrs/wk, 20 days paid vacation
- India - 39 hrs/wk, 20 days paid vacation
- Japan - 40 hrs/wk, 20 days paid vacation
It is estimated that 59% of people on Earth are vegetarians. Below are the estimated figures.
- 59% Vegetarian
- 34% Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian
- 18% Vegan Vegetarian
- 06% Lacto Vegetarian
- 01% Ovo Vegetarian
- 41% Non-Vegetarian
Approximately 34% of the area of the Earth's landmass is officially protected in some way listed below. Additionally, approximately 16% of the area of the Earth's water bodies is similarly protected. The International Commission for the Preservation of the Earth (ICPE) classifies protected areas into 3 main groups, Environmental Protection Areas (EPAs), Cultural Protection Areas (CPAs), and Historical Protection Areas (HPAs). EPAs deal with the protecting the environment, keeping an area in a natural state. CPAs deal with protecting a way of life that could easily be destroyed if capitalism takes its normal course. HPAs deal with protecting historical treasures, including whole sections of cities or entire towns in some cases. The ICPE coordinates international efforts, and tries to standardize differing methods. There are varying degrees of protection in these areas, which are listed below (for terrestrial areas).
Environmental Protection Areas
First Degree - Strictly Protected Wilderness: Entering the area by anyone is strictly prohibited*. No habitat disruption allowed.
Second Degree - Moderately Protected Wilderness: Entering the area by most people is strictly prohibited*. Exceptions include scientists with permits. No habitat disruption allowed.
Third Degree - General Wilderness: Entering the area is allowed if the person entering has a permit. Number of visitors is severely restricted. Only non-paved foot trails allowed.
Fourth Degree - Strictly Protected Nature Park: Includes many National Parks and Provincial Parks. General admission to visitors is allowed. Paved roads are allowed, but should be created sparingly. Camping is done in special areas, and requires a permit. A few rangers may live in the park.
Fifth Degree - Moderately Protected Nature Park: Includes many Provincial Parks. General admission to visitors is allowed. Paved roads are allowed. Stores and hotel accommodation are allowed in designated places inside the park. Camping can be done in many areas, and generally does not require a permit.
Sixth Degree - General Nature Park: These generally include relatively small parks with nature trails throughout. More of a place to hike than a place to preserve an ecosystem. Large (and especially potentially dangerous) fauna do not usually exist.
* Except in the case of government officials with written permission from the nation's leader.
In addition, there are tags used to further specify what goes on in an area. "Virgin" is used to refer to an area that seems to have not been seriously disturbed for over 1,000 years. "Hunting" and "Fishing" are tags used to specify that hunting and/or fishing are practiced in the area. Note that in wilderness areas (the first three degrees), all hunting and fishing is prohibited. Also note that in most countries, private hunting and fishing is illegal. (See the CPA section below to understand special areas where hunting and fishing might be allowed if a hunter-gatherer society exists.)
Cultural Protection Areas
There are some cultures that warrant protection from the outside world. Examples of people who are not to be disturbed include some people living in areas such as the Andaman Islands, various Macronesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia islands, the Great Pachan Rainforest, the Great African Rainforest, several Khoisan tribes, and some other scattered groups. Many groups have met intruders from the civilized world and have preferred their own way of life. However, little by little, many hunter-gatherer groups get hooked on capitalism, which in poorer countries generally leads to a decrease in overall happiness, as surveys have shown time and time again. There are various rules governing the protection of cultures, and like with the EPAs, they range from strict (nothing civilized is to wander within 50km of the Andaman Islands) to relatively lax (Many Pemhakamik Aboriginal groups have special areas for those who want to carry on traditions, but these areas are most definitely exposed to the outside world).
Historical Protection Areas
Many civilized, human-influenced areas deserve protection as well. From ancient Greek relics, Chinese temples, and midieval castles to half the city of Florence, the world contains some amazing man-made treasures. Again, there are different ways of classifying HPAs, taking into account size of the area and level of protection.