|6th President of the Danubian Federation|
April 15, 1868 – January, 1872
|Vice President||Imre Than|
|Preceded by||Gabriel Soukup-Valenta|
|Succeeded by||Aetios Spiros|
|Foreign Minister of the Danubian Federation|
June 5th, 1863 – April 15, 1868
|Foreign Minister of the Danubian Federation|
|Appointed by||Victor Kraus|
|Ambassador to the Russian Empire|
|Born|| March 17th, 1820|
|Died|| February 1872|
Vienna, Danubian Federation
|Spouse(s)||Františka Marie Koryčany|
Wolfram Liberalen is a writer and politician in the Interactive AAR A Federation of Equals.
The fourth son of Prince Georg Augustus of Bavaria - an illegitimate son of King Maximilian I Joseph, who, with the support of the Bavarian nobles, led a rebellion in 1817 calling for his recognition as a Prince of Bavaria, and was subsequently granted the title Prince of Viechtach-Zweisel-Hohenklippe - Wolfram was born into the Bavarian nobility.
He discovered the ideas of the Enlightenment at an early age, having read Locke, Montesquieu and Kant by the age of 14. Aged 16, Wolfram first identified himself as a liberal, still a relatively new term in terms of its political usage.
At the age of 18, Wolfram travelled to Vienna, part of the Austrian Empire, to study law and philosophy. There, he met many other figures in the growing liberal scene, becoming involved in some of the events that precipitated the Revolution of 1848.
Completing his studies in 1843, Wolfram stayed in Vienna, renouncing his titles, and styling himself 'Wolfram Liberalen' - in the style of Philippe Égalité. He took to writing, and first secured a post at the Times of Vienna in 1844. In 1847, he published his first essay, The State of Enlightenment, which was well received in both liberal and academic circles. During his most prominent pre-Revolution period (1845-47,) Liberalen was a regular feature of Vienna's coffee house scene.
When the 1848 Revolution broke out, Liberalen stayed in Vienna, writing and printing pro-Revolutionary material from his home, public meetings having been banned. In 1850, these works were collected and published as The Birth of the Rights to Freedom.
After the Coup
Following General Masaryk's coup d'état in August 1854, Liberalen developed some sympathies for the Radical movement, as is evident in his writing of the peiod - a good example of this new sympathy available in his On Purging the Hun. During this period, Liberalen began to associate with prominent radically-minded liberal figures - namely, Petr Šik, who was at this time the former leader of The Radical Union of the Federation.
In June 1855, Liberalen began work on his The Viennese Anthology - a collection of short lyrics and poems inspired by Vienna's coffe house scene, described by a contemporary reviewer as 'seeped more in liberalism than the coffee that fuelled its creation.' From The Anthology came one of Liberalen's most well-know poems, O! Vienna.
In 1855, Liberalen was appointed to the post of Schrieber in the newly-resurrected Teutonic Order, now based in Silesia.
It was also around this time that the first of The Katzmayr Dialogues were published, with the inaugural subject being Victor Kraus, councillor for Austria, and former vice-Doge of Venice. The conversation between Kraus and Liberalen was the first transferred into Liberalen's anthology, A Year in Vienna.
December 1855 saw Liberalen publish the second major piece from The Viennese Anthology - On Goodness. The poem highlighted the good of the newly-resurrected Teutonic Order, and was Liberalen's first piece as schrieber of the Order.
The next month saw the publication of the next of The Katzmayr Dialogues in The Times of Vienna. The subject this time was Pasquale, Duke of Candia. Shortly after, Liberalen delivered his Which Nation? speech in the chambers of the Hofburg, arguing against increased interest in pan-nationalism, and for more civil nationalism, and an increased level of unity for the Danubian identity.
Following the elections of 1856, Wolfram was formally sworn in as Hochmeister Wolfram Augustus of the Teutonic Order. He was the first democratically elected Hochmeister of the Order's modern period. Around the same time, Liberalen also joined the Progressive Society, speaking at the inaugural meeting. This speech became Ich dien Tugend im Ernst, his first essay as Hochmeister. It was also his first public speech since Which Nation?, which had been met with scorn by many members of the Federal Chambers.
In Febraury 1856, Liberalen began his work reforming the Teutonic Order with the institution of the Teutonic Council. The Council served to further democracy within the Order - a key aim of Liberalen's administration.
During the coup of 1856, led by Royalists wishing to place Elias de Sanctis on the throne as Emperor of the Danube (De Sanctis was later shot, with the Imperial title passing to Alexander Kremvera,) Liberalen was forced to disband the Teutonic Council so as to not let it become embroiled in the ongoing political situation. Prior to this, his proposed Hochmeister Act failed to get through the Council.
It was also during the coup that an attempt was made on his life, with two Transylvanian gunmen shooting him in the left shoulder while he was sat in his favoured Café Katzmayr. The gunmen were thought to be anti-Teutonic.
After the attack, Liberalen's stance regarding the coup became more defined, travelling to Prague to meet Peter Šik. He contributed to the Loyalist fighting force in Bohemia, a state which was divided in its loyalties. He also took to publishing more satirical works, notably The Eagle and Stars, which satirised the state of affairs in Hungary. Soon after, he wrote Maintaining Necessity, a pro-loyalist piece urging people to join the fight against the Royalist faction in whatever way they could.
Whilst in Prague, where he stayed for the duration of the fighting, Café Katzmayr, a favoured location of Liberalen's. It is thought that the attack was an attempt on Liberalen's life, the bomber having objected to his Republican writing. In response, Liberalen wrote Deplorare, a short lyric which is a good showcase of his anti-Royalist views. Rather than discourage him, the attacks carried out against Liberalen seemed only to increase his Republican views.
Forays Into Politics
After the coup, Liberalen set about reinstating the Teutonic Council, continuing his work from before civil war erupted. He did, however, stay in Prague to continue his work with the Progressive Society, delivering his second address in 1857. This address took the form of That Which We Need, We Must Foster, a speech calling for the institution of greater rights for the working classes of the Federation.
Two days later, Liberalen was given the position of Foreign Minister as part of the Kraus administration. It was his first political position, and saw him gain a place on the cabinet.
Liberalen's first real duty as Foreign Minister was to negotiate the Munich Treaty. The Treaty was much maligned by members of government, including Liberalen, who described the Bavarian delegates as 'stubborn' and 'looking for war.' A week later, the next of The Katzmayr Dialogues were published, the subject this time being Rodrigo Vertucci.
In early 1860, Liberalen's old protégé, Ervin Freiherr von Durz von Braunschweig secured a seat in the Upper House as a Councillor for Albania. Liberalen promptly appointed the Colonel as a knight of the Teutonic Order, announcing the respective Teutonic Rank and Revision of the Council Acts in the same announcement.
With the election of Gabriel Soukup-Valenta as the Federation's fourth President, Liberalen was appointed as the Federation's Ambassador to Russia.
In 1862, Wolfram began his autobiography, The Life of a Liberal. The year also saw him deliver a speech - To the Edge of the Cliff, to the Progressive Society. The speech urged people to ensure that the new notions of colonialism would not cause unnecessary problems within the Federation, and would not serve as an excuse to wage war. The speech was Liberalen's first public appearance of the year, having been afflicted with lobar pneumonia since January, and his first speech since leaving for St. Petersburg in 1860. In it, his views on colonialism - and, to an extent, economic policies and war - can be accurately discerned.
Liberalen recovered from his pneumonia in the spring of 1862, his health having benefitted from a stay in Carniola. His trip, rather unfortunately, coincided with wodespread violence in the Federation in the wake of the controversial Referendum on Monarchies. This lead detractors in government to claim that he was going to Carniola to 'fiddle while the Federation burns,' claiming that he had disregarded the will of the people, and 'been blinded by his royal ties.' Critics failed, however, to mention that he had abstained from the vote on upholding the results. Around this time, he also delivered a second speech at the Progressive Society's third meeting - The Boundaries Have Been Blurred. This was his first public appearance after having recovered from his illness.
In September 1862, Liberalen announced his engagement to Františka Marie Koryčany, the daughter of Anton Graf von Koryčany.
Following the coup of 1863, Liberalen was appointed to the position of Foreign Minister for the second time.
1820-1843 - Prince of Viechatch-Zweisel-Hohenklippe
1845-1854 - Editor of The Times of Vienna
1855-1856 - Schreiber of the Teutonic Order
1856-Present - Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order
1857-1860 - Foreign Minister of the Danubian Federation
1860-1863 - Ambassador to the Russian Empire from the Danubian Federation
1863-1868 - Foreign Minister of the Danubian Federation
1868-1872 - 6th President of the Danubian Federation
Titles and Styles From Birth
1820-1843 - His Highness, Wolfram Augustus Prinz von Viechtach-Zweisel-Hohenklippe
1843 - Wolfram Liberalen
1855-1856 - Wolfram Augustus, Schreiber of the Teutonic Order
1857-1868 - His Excellency, Wolfram Liberalen
1856 - His Grace, Wolfram Augustus, Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order