Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (November 30, 1874 - January 24, 1965) was an American statesman and politician who served as
President of the United States from 1923 to 1929 from 1937 to 1949 and again from 1953 until 1957. A Republican, he won a record four elections as President, he was the only President apart from Grover Cleveland to serve non-consecutive terms in office, and the first President to serve more than two terms in office. Churchill is best known for his leadership of the United States through the Second World War (1941-1945).

Churchill was born in 1874, the son of an english aristrocrat and american socialite. As a young child he was home educated, before attending West Point 1892-1894. He served as a journalist, before fighting with Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders in Cuba in 1898. He then began a career in politics serving as a New York State Assemblyman (1899-1901) before being elected to congress in 1900. He built up a reputation as a progressive. He later served as Secretary of the Navy under Roosevelt. He later served as US Senator from New York (1909-1915), during which time he continued to support progressive causes, as well as expansionism and preparedness for a war in Europe. In 1912 he joined Roosevelt's Progressive Party. He was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1914, entering the political wilderness for the first time.

He became a leading figure in the preparedness movement, and when the United States entered the war in 1917 he served as a Colonel on the frontline in France. Wounded, he returned to the United States in 1918 and was elected Governor of New York as a Republican. He re-affirmed his commitment as a believer in progressive causes, as well as being a staunch anti-communist. After unsuccessfully running for the Republican nomination for President in 1920 Churchill was selected as Warren Harding's running mate, with the Harding/Churchill ticket winning in a landslide.

Churchill served as an active Vice President, but would soon begrudge the lack of power of the office. In August 1923 Harding suddenly died and Churchill became the 30th President of the United States.

Churchill's bid for a third term in 1928 was defeated when he was successfully defeated for the nomination by Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover. He entered the political wilderness once more, embarking on a world tour and writing a series of books. In 1930 he attempted to return to active politics by running for Governor of New York once more, but was defeated by Democrat Al Smith.

In 1934 he returned to active politics, when he was surprisingly elected Governor of New York once more. He built up a record as a reformist Governor, and favoured keynesian public works schemes to help deal with the depression.

He was chosen as the Republican nominee for President in 1936, and was able to defeat incumbent President Al Smith.

Churchill was re-elected in a landslide in 1940.

He was re-elected for a fifth term in November 1944.

Churchill was defeated in his bid for a sixth term in 1948 in what was widely seen as an electoral upset, and spent another four years in the political wilderness before returning to the presidency at the 1952 election. His final period in office saw

He remained active in politics and as a writer until his death in 1965.

Family and early Life

Journalist and soldier

Early political career

State Assemblyman


Secretary of the Navy

Political career 1909-1923


Wilderness 1915-1917

Military Service

Governor of New York

Vice President

First term as president (1923-1929)

Wilderness years

Second term as president (1937-1949)

Third Term 1937-1941

Landslide re-election, 1940

Fourth Term 1941-1945

Election of 1944

Fifth Term 1945-1949

Election of 1948

​In the spring of 1948 Churchill announced his intention to seek a sixth term as President, arguing that only he had the necessary skills to lead the United States through the Cold War.

Retirement and later life


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