Presidency of William Morgan
On January 20, 1993, William Morgan was inaugurated as the 41st President of the United States. On January 25, he announces that he would select the head of a task force on the creation of a market-based healthcare system to replace the current one. The president hopes to reform the American healthcare system to give citizens freedom of choice when it comes to healthcare and promises lower rates than under the current system. On February 5, Morgan vetoes the Family Medical Leave Act stating that it is not the government's job to regulate an employer. On March 3, President Morgan appoints Vice President John McCain to the National Performance Review board to devise an initiative called, "Reinventing the government." The initiative is to streamline the government by reducing the number of federal employees and cuts to federal spending not seen since the Kennedy administration. On April 19, the Department of Justice ends a standoff with a religious cult led by David Koresh in Waco, Texas. After a 24-day siege, Koresh and his followers are arrested and charged. On July 19, President Morgan announces an "honorable compromise" regarding gays in the military. Homosexuals would be allowed to serve, would be free of discrimination and allowed to sue if restricted for their sexual orientation. On August 3, the Senate confirms Morgan's first choice to replace Supreme Court justice Byron White and will become the third woman on the Supreme Court. On September 13, President Morgan presides over a ceremony in Washington D.C. at which the Israeli prime minister and Palestinian chairman sign the Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of Principles, the first agreement between Jews and Palestinians, providing self-government in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. On September 22, President Morgan unveils his market-based healthcare system and emphasizes that it will be the first step forward toward better more effective healthcare in America, by allowing freedom of choice in healthcare. On October 3, a squad of US special forces operatives were engaged by African warlords in Somalia causing the deaths of many servicemen. The event caused many to become more skeptical of the idea of American intervention in foreign conflicts in peacekeeping capacities but President Morgan urged Americans to remain strong. On November 30, Morgan vetoes an act that would require a potential handgun purchaser to wait five days while a background check is performed by law enforcement officers. On December 8, after a hard fought battle with opposition in both parties, President Morgan signs the NAFTA, eliminating every trade agreement barrier between the US, Mexico and Canada.
On January 10, 1994, President Morgan visits the NATO summit in Brussels, Belgium, at which he states that the US will maintain at least 100,000 troops in Europe and introduces the "partnership for peace" program aimed at building closer ties with NATO and former Warsaw Pact nations. On February 3, President Morgan lifts a trade embargo with Vietnam, noting Vietnam is trying to locate 2,238 Americans missing since the Vietnam War. On May 26, Morgan renews China's Most Favored Nation trade status, which results in criticism from the Democrats stating that human rights violations by China shouldn't be overlooked. On June 14, Morgan unveils a welfare reform plan to "end welfare as we know it." On July 25, Morgan meets with the Israeli prime minister and the King of Jordan agreeing to end fifty years of antagonism. On August 26, the White House and congressional leaders announce that Morgan's ambitious plan for healthcare reform will be acted upon in 1994. After a few weeks of deliberation, both houses of Congress agree to pass the overhaul of the American healthcare system known officially as the Healthcare Freedom of Choice Act of 1994, but unofficially known as MorCare, which will begin its first stage on January 1. Many of Morgan's initiatives find support in Congress. On September 13, Morgan vetoes the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act stating that more cops is not the answer to the nation's crime issues and suggests eliminating the death penalty for many US states. On September 18, Haiti's government agrees to cede power at the request of the United States and UN in order to restore the democratically-elected president. On October 9, Morgan states that the US/UN are looking to deal with the Iranian Civil War in as diplomatic terms as possible but does not think military force will be necessary. On November 8, the Republicans win control of both Houses of Congress, this event becomes known as the Republican Wave, it is the first unified Republican control in many decades. On December 1, the Senate approves the GATT in order to create freer trade for market goods. On December 5, the President along with many other nations sign the START 1 treaty, eliminating 9000 nuclear warheads.
On January 23, 1995, President Morgan signs the Congressional Accountability Act, requiring Congress abide by the same anti-discrimination workplace rules that apply to the rest of the country. On January 31, Morgan refuses to make an emergency loan to Mexico, which creates a financial crisis that effects the interconnected economies of the US and Mexico. On July 11, the US restores full diplomatic recognition of Vietnam. On August 30, NATO with a strong contingent of American forces begin two weeks of air attacks on Serbian positions. On October 23, President Morgan and President Yeltsin meet in New York to discuss improving relations between the two nations, especially with regard to nuclear weapons. On November 21, the representatives of the Bosnian and Serbian governments sign a peace agreement in Dayton, Ohio. The agreement establishes a Bosnian unitary state and allows refuges to return home. On November 29, President Morgan urges to continue peace efforts with Northern Ireland, during a trip to Europe.
On January 23, 1996, President Morgan, during his State of the Union, that "the era of big government was over." Morgan re-positioned himself as a moderate, centrist Republican for the upcoming election in order to blunt Democratic charges that he is too conservative. On April 10, Morgan vetoes a bill that would have outlawed certain types of abortions, namely partial birth abortions. Morgan emerges as a strong advocate of the "right to choose," often stating that he wishes abortions in the US become "safe, legal and rare." On May 15, Morgan announces that some American troops would remain in Bosnia as a major component of an international peacekeeping force for an additional eighteen months. On August 21, Morgan signs his MorCare bill legalizes a free-market healthcare system to replace the current one he claimed was "inefficient and too expensive," which would eliminate MediCare and MediCaid. On August 22, Morgan signs a welfare reform bill that radically restructures the American welfare system, it limits the welfare benefits and decreases the amount of welfare available for many Americans. It was perhaps his most controversial signature. On September 24, an overwhelming majority of UN members, including the US, agree to a ban on all nuclear weapons testing. On November 5, President Morgan becomes the first Republican to win a second term since Richard Nixon did in 1972, though he endeavors to be the first Republican to complete his second term since Dwight D. Eisenhower. He defeats California Senator Jerry Brown by 315-233. On December 5, Morgan selects a female to serve as his secretary of state, she is confirmed on January 23.
On March 21, 1997, Presidents Morgan and Yeltsin meet in Helsinki, Finland and agree to the START III talks as soon as the START II talks conclude. The US Senate ratifies the START II treaty in January 1996. On April 24, the Senate ratifies the Chemical Weapons Convention making chemical weapons illegal. On October 28, President Morgan welcomes the Chinese president for a state visit. On October 31, Morgan will not act on the international bail-out of Indonesia arguing that the market will stabilize if the country experiences the financial difficulty.
On March 23, 1998, President Morgan leaves on a six-country tour of Africa, a first for an American president. On April 10, Catholic and Protestant leaders meet in Northern Ireland sign the “Good Friday Peace Accords,” a substantial agreement in the Northern Ireland peace process. On October 23, after several days of negotiations in rural Maryland, Israeli leader and Palestinian leader sign the Wye River Memorandum, which results in an agreement highlighted by a three-stage withdrawal of Israeli troops from the West Bank.
On January 20, 1999, President Morgan gave his State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress and declared that he would like to make a move toward criminal justice reform before the end of his final term in office, to achieve his ultimate goal of removing government from intervening in people's lives. On February 23, Serbian and Kosovar representatives had agreed to a plan that would have granted more autonomy to Kosovo over a three-year period. Serbia reneged on the agreement, prompting US and NATO military action. On March 24, the US leads NATO attacks against Serbia, in response to Serbian aggression in Kosovo and Albania which report ethnic cleansing. On June 10, the NATO air campaign against Serbia ends after Serb forces agree on June 9 to withdraw from Kosovo. KFOR, an international peacekeeping force of 50,000 troops, enforces the agreement. On October 13, the United States Senate votes down the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which would have prevented the United States from conducting underground nuclear tests. On November 15, the United States and China agree to a trade treaty reducing tariffs and other trade barriers. The treaty is to come into effect after China joins the World Trade Organization and Congress grants permanent normal trade relations between the two countries. On December 1, the Labor Department reports that the nation was experiencing a slight recession due to destabilizing economic conditions in Latin America and Asia, marking an end to nearly seventeen years of economic expansion in the US.
Throughout the year 2000, after much deliberation among members of both houses of Congress, they move to legalize most of President Morgan's decriminalization of victimless crimes, thus making marijuana, pornography, prostitution legal while leaving the organization of them under state control. The case for legalization goes before the Supreme Court at is found to be Constitutional by December making the reforms legal. On March 8, Morgan sends a bill to Congress asking for permanent normal trade relations with China. After securing House (May 24) and Senate (September 19) approval, Clinton signs the bill on October 10. On June 3, President Morgan holds the first summit meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin. They reaffirm their commitment to reducing their arms, but disagree over the US development of a missile defense system. On July 11, President Morgan meets with the Israeli and Palestinian leaders at Camp David in the hope of reaching a peace agreement. After two weeks of unsuccessful talks, the summit breaks down with no agreement. On August 14, Morgan speaks at the opening day of the RNC. Vice President John McCain wins the RNC nomination for president. On October 7, Serbian President Slodoban Milosevic declares that Kostunica is the rightful president of Serbia. The announcement comes after the disputed elections, which Milosevic had tried to rig, produce massive street protests. On November 7, Vice President McCain is defeated by Connecticut Governor Henry Raymond.
On January 20, 2001, Morgan leaves Washington, D.C. and returns to Indiana after Raymond is inaugurated 44th President of the United States.