Young Prince William Augustus.jpg
William, Prince of Wales
Earl of Ulster
Reign 12 May 1733 –

24 October 1752

Successor William, Prince of Wales
Spouse Anna Dorothea of Prussia
William V and IV
House House of Orange-Nassau
Father William IV and III
Mother Henrietta Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Born 28 March 1719
[N.S.: 8 April 1719]
Kensington Palace, London
Died 24 October 1752 (aged 33)
[N.S.: 4 November 1752]
St James's Palace, London
Burial 15 November 1752
Westminster Abbey, London
Religion Anglican
William, Prince of Wales (O.S. 28 March 1719 – 24 October 1752) was the heir apparent to the English, Scottish and Irish thrones from 1719 to his death. The beloved eldest son of King William IV and Henrietta Charlotte of Brandenburg-Schwedt, Prince William died a premature death at the age of 33 during a smallpox epidemic that swept over Europe.

As the eldest son of William IV, the younger William (named after his grandfather) was very much similar to his father in political philosophy, particularly when it came to war and trade. Siding with the King and the Tories in parliament from a young age, the prince was created both the Prince of Wales and Earl of Ulster (last held by James II in 1685) at the age of 14 in 1733.

Despite his political similarities to his parents however, the Prince of Wales deviated from them in his instance one leisurely activities (primarily those involving hunting) and the willingness of the monarch to oversee domestic affairs, believing that the king should reserve the rights of the crown to implement policy, but defer the majority of domestic affairs to Parliament. 

In 1741 Willaim was married to the Prussian princess Anna Dorothea of whom he hadn't met before their wedding. Restrained and private, the Prince's traits resulted in the relationship with his foreign wife became increasingly strained over the years, their marriage producing only one offspring; the sickly and small William Louis, born in 1745.

By 1750 with his father nearing death, the Prince of Wales became increasingly involved in national politics, travelling the country and carrying out ceremonial duties whilst William IV remained bedridden. During one such journey to Northumberland in 1753, the heir to the three British kingdoms had the misfortune of catching smallpox from a local aristocrat, the disease having spread around the European continent over the previous year. Now sick with his conditions faltering by the day, William had attempted multiple cures for the pestilence from his favoured physician including the act of blood-letting which weaken the Prince further. After his death in October, the heirship to the three kingdoms passing onto his son and only child.

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