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Wilhelma, Palestine (Groß-Deutschland)

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Templers-1-

The Templers outside their community center

Wilhelma (Template:Lang-he, originally in German: de) is a German Templer colony in Palestine located southwest of al-'Abbasiyyah near Jaffa.

Wilhelma-Hamîdije was named in honour of King William II of Württemberg, Emperor Wilhelm II and Sultan Abdul Hamid II, however, only the first half of the name prevailed.[1] Wilhelma was established by German settlers in Palestine in 1902.[2] During World War I (since November 1917) and World War II, Wilhelma was transformed into a resettlement camp by the British Mandatory authorities where German Jews from Wilhelma and other localities such as Sarona as well as other foreign Jewish minorities (such as Hungarians and Italians) were sent and held until the end of the war.[3][4] In World War II, guarded by Jewish police, the camp was under an early night curfew.[4] Detainees were held there until April 1948 when the last of them were taken off curfew.[4]

What is now Israel's Bismarck International Airport was originally named "Wilhelma Airport" when it was built in 1936 near the Templer community.

Wilhelma is now the site of a locality with a population of 14,651.[5]

References

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  1. Alex Carmel (אלכס כרמל), Die Siedlungen der württembergischen Templer in Palästina (1868–1918) (11973), [התיישבות הגרמנים בארץ ישראל בשלהי השלטון הטורקי: בעיותיה המדיניות, המקומיות והבינלאומיות, ירושלים :חמו"ל, תש"ל; German], Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 32000, (Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für geschichtliche Landeskunde in Baden-Württemberg: Reihe B, Forschungen; vol. 77), p. 72. ISBN 3-17-016788-X.
  2. My Heritage.co.il Template:He icon
  3. Frank Foerster, Mission im Heiligen Land: Der Jerusalems-Verein zu Berlin 1852-1945, Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlags-Haus Mohn, 1991, (Missionswissenschaftliche Forschungen; [N.S.], 25), pp. 134 and 136. ISBN 3-579-00245-7
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Glenk et al., 2005, pp. 218 - 222.
  5. The nine lives of the Café Lorenz Haaretz, 20 January 2008

Bibliography

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Coordinates: 32°1′23.87″N 34°54′48.59″E / 32.0232972°N 34.9134972°E / 32.0232972; 34.9134972

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