"What side of Iranian history are we on?" was the question asked by United States President John McCain in a speech on June 12, 2010, in commemoration the first anniversary of the establishment of the pro-democracy movement known as the "Green Movement", which was established in the aftermath of the Iranian presidential election of 2009, in which President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was re-elected in an election dominated by voting fraud and post-election crackdown on dissidents.

It would by analyst be compared in both style and timing to U.S. President Ronald Reagan's speech in Berlin on June 12, 1987, in which Reagan challenged Mikail Gorbachev, then the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to tear down the Berlin Wall as a symbol of Reagan's desire for increasing freedom in the Eastern Bloc.


The speech

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Across the world, this institution is living up to the founding vision set for it three decades ago by my idol, Ronald Reagan. ‘The objective I propose,’ Reagan said, ‘is quite simple to state: to foster the infrastructure of democracy, the system of a free press, unions, political parties, universities, which allows a people to choose their own way, to develop their own culture, to reconcile their own differences through peaceful means.’

One year ago today, in Iran, the desire for these democratic ideals gave birth to an indigenous political reform movement that is more promising and more consequential than anything the Middle East has seen in a generation. I am humbled to honor them today.

One year ago, the conventional wisdom held that the prospect for political evolution in Iran was dim and distant. But as it often is, that conventional wisdom was utterly wrong: After the Iranian people were denied their right to a free and fair election, the world watched in awe as a sea of protestors – by some estimates, as many as three million Iranians – swelled into streets all around the country. Ordinary Iranians realized that they could not remain neutral in the struggle for human rights in their country, and they became part of it. As a result, history was made before our very eyes: One year ago, democratic change in Iran looked rather improbable; just one week later, it looked virtually inevitable.

Unfortunately, we also watched the ensuing crackdown, which was as swift as it was brutal. Peaceful protestors were attacked in the streets by masked agents of the Iranian regime, then dragged away to the darkest corners of cruelty. Many of Iran’s best and brightest were forced to flee in fear from the land they love, and to seek asylum in places like Iraq and Turkey, where they remain today as refugees. We read the desperate pleas of terrorized Iranians as they shouted for help through whatever cracks they could make in Iran’s government-censored Internet. And then, on June 20, the entire world watched as a young woman named Neda bled to death in the streets of Tehran. And on that day, my friends, I believe we witnessed the beginning of the end of this offensive government in Iran. The past year’s events have demonstrated the true character of Iran’s people: proud, talented, the stewards of a great culture, eager to engage with the world, and relentless in their quest for justice – a nation that should be a natural ally of the United States. The past year’s events have also highlighted the true character of the Iranian regime: a violent and militarized tyranny, self-serving and unconcerned for the welfare of Iran’s people, with no shred of legitimacy left to justify its rule. Anymore, we cannot separate the behavior of Iran’s government from its character.

After all, is it any wonder that a regime that has no regard whatsoever for the rights, the dignity, the very lives of its own people, would also show the same blatant disregard for its own international agreements, for the sovereignty and security of its neighbors, and for the responsibilities of all civilized nations?

Is it any wonder that this is the same regime that spends its people’s precious resources not on roads, or schools, or hospitals, or jobs that benefit all Iranians – but on funding violent groups of foreign extremists who murder the innocent?

And is it any wonder that this Iranian regime has been, and will always be, uncompromising in its pursuit of a nuclear weapons capability – not just because it would be a source of power in the world, but perhaps more importantly, because it would be a source of safety and survival for its corrupt, unjust system at home?

My friends: I believe that when we consider the many threats and crimes of Iran’s government, we are led to one inescapable conclusion: It is the character of this Iranian regime – not just its behavior – that is the deeper threat to peace and freedom in our world, and in Iran. Furthermore, I believe that it will only be a change in the Iranian regime itself – a peaceful change, chosen by and led by the people of Iran – that could finally produce the changes we seek in Iran’s policies.

Even now, though, we hear it said again that Iran’s democratic opposition has been beaten into submission. And I would not deny that a regime like this one, which knows no limits to its ruthlessness, will achieve many of its goals – for now. But when Iran’s rulers are too afraid of their own people to tolerate even routine public demonstrations on regime holidays, as they recently have been, that is not a government that is succeeding. It is the action of criminals who understand that their morally bankrupt regime is now on the wrong side of Iranian history.

But what side of Iranian history are we on?

For the last 16 months, my Administration has stand firm against the brutal and authoritarian regime of President Ahmadinejad and Ayatollah Khamenei, who despite pressure from the UN continues to pursuing the development of nuclear weapons, support terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan, and who abuses their own people by imprisonment, torture and executions. My Administration has stand firm on the side of the demonstrators, who after they were robbed an election continued to struggle for democracy and to change their government. We strongly supported the Green Movement in their struggle against the oppressing regime.

Yesterday, we finally shifted to sanctions. Although a positive and necessary step, the latest Security Council resolution is by itself inadequate. We now need Congress to finish the Iran sanctions bill, so we can pass it without delay. My Administration will next week impose new targeted sanctions against those Iranian officials, businesses, and banks that promote the regime’s most dangerous policies – and my Administration will join with our partners in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, and encourage them to do the same.

We must mobilize our friends and allies in like-minded countries, both in the public sphere and the private sector, to challenge the legitimacy of this Iranian regime, and to support Iran’s people in changing the character of their government – peacefully, politically, on their own terms, and in their own ways. Of course, the United States should never provide its support where it is unrequested and unwanted.

We have stood up for the Iranian people, and we must continue doing so. Their goals are our goals, their interests are our interests, their work is our work. We need a grand national undertaking to broadcast information freely into Iran, and to help Iranians access the tools to evade their government’s censorship of the Internet. The political prisoners in Iran’s gruesome prisons must know that they are not alone, that their names and their cases are known to us, and that we will hold their torturers and tormentors accountable for their crimes. We need to publicize the names of Iran’s human rights abusers, and we need to make them famous. Then we need to impose crippling sanctions on them for their human rights abuses – to go after their assets, their ability to travel, and their access to the international financial system, which is exactly the goal of legislation that I, my Administration and other like-minded members in Congress have proposed.

It is one thing for members of Congress to lead this effort; it would be quite another thing to get that leadership unequivocally from the President himself. Their quest for democracy is one of the leading civil rights struggle of our time. It is imperative to unleash not only America’s full moral power to support the Iranian people in these dark times, but also the rest of the world's moral power – it could bolster their will to endure in their struggle, and the result could be historic.

My friends: If there were ever any doubt, the birth of the Green Movement over the past year should convince us that Iran will have a democratic future. That future may be delayed for a while, but it will not be denied. The United States is positioned, and will remain positioned, squarely on the right side of Iranian history – on the side of courageous Iranian reformers like Shiva Nazar Ahari.

Shiva was first arrested on September 11, 2001, at the age of 17, for the heinous act of participating in a candlelight vigil for the victims of that day of terror. After her release, she continued her human rights activism, until she was detained again in the wake of last year’s election. Shiva now faces the baseless charge of supporting terrorism – a charge that carries the penalty of death.

Today is Shiva’s birthday. She is only 26. But she is spending this day, like so many before it, unjustly detained in Iran’s most notorious prison – locked in a cage so small, last we heard, that she cannot fully move her arms and legs.

Shiva Nazar Ahari represents the future of Iran, and all that could be best about it – its decency, its peacefulness, its commitment to dignity and justice for all. Shiva, and all of Iran’s prisoners of conscience, must know that they are not alone in their struggle for democracy, and their desire to change their government. America stands with them, as we do with all who seek a better future for Iran. The Green Movement lives on. Its struggle endures. And I am confident that eventually, maybe not tomorrow or next year or even the year after that, but eventually, Iranians will achieve the democratic changes they seek for their country. The Iranian regime may appear intimidating now, but it is rotting inside. It has only brute force and fear to sustain it, and Iranians won’t be afraid forever.

Thank you. God Bless the Iranian people and their struggle for freedom and democracy. And God Bless the United States of America.


See also

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