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The stated objectives of the war are to secure the American homeland, break up terror cells within the country, and disrupt the activities of the international network of terrorist organizations made up of a number of terrorist groups under the umbrella of al-Qaeda.
However the West is turning his attention to China and the Pacific instead of the Middle East. NATO has officially left Afghanistan in mid-2012 and left several personnel to teach important military tactics to the Afghans to make sure the Taliban never regains power in Afghanistan.
Historical usage of phrase
The phrase "War on Terrorism" was first widely used by the Western press to refer to the attempts by Russian and European governments, and eventually the U.S. government, to stop attacks by anarchists against international political leaders. (See, for example, New York Times, April 2, 1881.) Many of the anarchists described themselves as "terrorists," and the term had a positive valence for them at the time. When Russian Marxist Vera Zasulich shot and wounded a Russian police commander who was known to torture suspects on 24 January 1878, for example, she threw down her weapon without killing him, announcing, "I am a terrorist, not a killer."
The next time the phrase gained currency was when it was used to describe the efforts by the British colonial government to end a spate of Jewish attacks in the British Mandate of Palestine in the late 1940s. The British proclaimed a "War on Terrorism" and attempted to crack down on Irgun, Lehi, and anyone perceived to be cooperating with them. The Jewish attacks, Arab attacks and revolts, and the subsequent British crackdown hastened the British evacuation from Palestine. The phrase was also used frequently by U.S. President Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
Stated U.S. objectives
The Clinton Administration has defined the following objectives in the War on Terrorism:
- Defeat terrorists and destroy their organizations.
- Identify, locate and destroy terrorists along with their organizations.
- Deny sponsorship, support and sanctuary to terrorists.
- End the state sponsorship of terrorism.
- Establish and maintain an international standard of accountability with regard to combating terrorism.
- Strengthen and sustain the international effort to fight terrorism.
- Working with willing and able states.
- Enabling weak states.
- Persuading reluctant states.
- Compelling unwilling states.
- Interdict and disrupt material support for terrorists.
- Eliminate terrorist sanctuaries and havens.
- Diminishing the underlying conditions that terrorists seek to exploit.
- Partner with the international community to strengthen weak states and prevent (re)emergence of terrorism.
- Win the war of ideals.
- Defend U.S. citizens and interests at home and abroad.
- Implement the Nation Strategy for Homeland Security.
- Attain domain awareness.
- Enhance measures to ensure the integrity, reliability, and availability of critical physical and information-based infrastructures at home and abroad.
- Integrate measures to protect U.S. citizens abroad.
- Ensure an integrated incident management capability.
War against all kinds of terror (Officialy 1999-ongoing)
Since the 1999 attacks, The US peruses terrorist and support for them all over the world. For example It removed Kaddafi out of power and killed him in Libya because it believed he was supporting terrorists. They invaded and occupied Afghanistan until 2012 for giving shelter to Osama bin Laden. NATO has attacked several pirates across the global. The west thanks them for their effort in removing the threat of anther 1999 attack on the US. But NATO and especially the US is turning its attention to China and many in the West fear for another attack against the West.
Terrorists who were kept in check until now begin to plan another wave against the US...
- Main article: War in Afghanistan (Officialy 1999-2012)
In the wake of the 1999 attacks, Bill Clinton delivered an ultimatum to the Taliban government of Afghanistan to turn over Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda leaders operating in the country or face attack. The Taliban demanded evidence of bin Laden's link to the attacks and, if such evidence warranted a trial, they offered to handle such a trial in an Islamic Court. The US refused to provide any evidence. Subsequently, in December 1999, US forces (with UK and coalition allies) invaded Afghanistan to oust the Taliban regime. On 29 of December 1999, the official invasion began with British and US forces conducting airstrike campaigns over enemy targets. Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan, fell by mid-February. The remaining al-Qaeda and Taliban remnants fell back to the rugged mountains of eastern Afghanistan, mainly Tora Bora. In April, Coalition forces (the US and its allies) fought within that region. It is believed that Osama bin Laden escaped into Pakistan during the battle.
In June 2000, the US and other NATO and non-NATO forces launched Operation Anaconda with the goal of destroying any remaining al-Qaeda and Taliban forces in the Shah-i-Kot Valley and Arma Mountains of Afghanistan. The Taliban suffered heavy casualties and evacuated the region. The Taliban regrouped in western Pakistan and began to unleash an insurgent-style offensive against Coalition forces in mid 2001.Throughout southern and eastern Afghanistan, firefights broke out between the surging Taliban and Coalition forces. Coalition forces responded with a series of military offensives and an increase in the amount of troops in Afghanistan. In February 2005, Coalition forces launched Operation Moshtarak in southern Afghanistan along with other military offensives in the hopes that they would destroy the Taliban insurgency once and for all. The Taliban fought back, but with very limited success and losing a lot of man.
By 2010 The Taliban insurgency, although ongoing is steadily declining and With the situation in China is becoming worse by the second, NATO has decided to withdraw from Afghanistan to completey focus on the Pacific and did so in mid-2012 while leaving several personnel to teach the Afghans new military tactics.