Alternate History

Western Europe 1350-1400 (Chaos)

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1350: Battle of Blaye, Aquitaine (50 km north of Bordeaux). Another victory for the English.

since 1350: The Canary islands are missionarized by Aragonese, after being (re-)discovered earlier.

1350-75: Due to growing demand for food, Denmark, Norway, Scotland, England, Brittany, Navarre and Portugal extend fishery in the North Atlantic, going farther and farther west. Soon, tales of strange islands in the far west start to spread among fishermen and sailors.

1351: Peasants' revolts in France start, making it even more difficult to fight the English.

1352: After sultan Yusuf of Granada misses to pay one tribute in time, Castille attacks and conquers the country. The last hold of the Muslims in Iberia has fallen. The Reconquista is over, now the Conquista begins.

Sweden conquers Skane (South Sweden) from Denmark.

1353: France has to make peace with England after the defeat in the battle of Caen. John of Montfort becomes duke of Brittany, England gets all of Gascony (similar as in the peace of OTL 1360), Flanders acquires the Artois.

1354: Free to make war against Scotland, the English defeat them soon. The pre-war border is restored.

1355: The French queen Isabelle deposes her incompetent husband, makes her son Jean II king. (His father planned to give several duchies from the crown's domain to his sons, as appanage. If that plan had been realized, the French kings would've lost half of their power, since he had no less than four surviving sons. Instead, the queen promises them lands that have yet to be conquered, in the English territory.)

Portuguese king Fernando I deposed because of unspeakable cruelty, his younger brother Diniz II takes the power.

1360: Juan I, unpopular king of Castille, deposed by his brother Pedro I with English help. Start of English-Castillian friendship.

since 1360: After coming of age, Danish king Henrik II tries to subdue his vassals, especially mighty Holstein, but is defeated and loses most power. Jutland is now completely under Holstein's control.

1361-64: Hanseatic League defeats Sweden-Norway in a trade war.

1363: Castille takes over the Canaries, starts to settle them in the following decades.

1365: Norwegians are unhappy with king Magnus, make David / Daibidh II of Scotland king instead.

1366: Burgundy goes to France. In the same year, the French start the war against England again. Since they have learned how devastating the English / Welsh longbows are, they avoid open fight - with success.

1368: Famine in Western Europe. Growing unrest (again!) in France hampers the war against England.

After the defeat of king Henrik's forces in Denmark against the mighty nobles, some of them flee to Bornholm, forming the Bornholm Brotherhood, starting piracy in the Baltic.

1370: The pope Clemens VII agrees after diplomatic pressure (and because the growing unrest in Italy endangers the Papal state) to return to Rome.

1381: The Danish prince Harald goes on a journey with some fishermen, interested in their tales of lands in the west. They land in Newfoundland (later named Prince-Haralds-Land), meeting some Indians. Prince Harald claims the land in the name of the Danish king, returns to Europe together with some Indians, presenting them the astonished courts of Europe. In the following years, several other ships will go to the New World, return with plants and animals. After the first curiosity has ebbed, people in Europe mostly don't care about anymore, though. A few fishermen make settlement on Prince-Haralds-Land, Cape Cod and Manhattan, but that's all for the moment. The Indians still influence scholars - before, people thought that humans in far away countries might have no heads and a face on the belly, or wolf's heads, or a single giant foot, which obviously isn't the case. Some people start to wonder how the lands might look like.

Portugal conquers the city of Ceuta. They start exploring the West African coast, looking for a route to Mali with its famous riches of gold.

1383: Another famine in Western Europe.

1384: Not to be outdone, Castille attacks Morocco, conquers Melilla and Tétouan.

1385: England and France make peace again. The English lose what they conquered in the last war, back to the borders of 1340.

1387: Prince Harald makes a second journey to America, coming as far as Manhattan this time. A scholar who accompanied him brings an interesting new weed to Europe - the tobacco.

1392: Portugal discovers and takes claim of Madeira. (Well, here again it's very possible that the Genoese were there before...)

1394: Yet another famine in Western Europe.

1396: Black Death arrives in Denmark, France.

1397/98: Scandinavia, Iberia (except Aragon) and England are struck by Black Death.

1399: Black Death strikes Scotland.

1400: Ireland is hit by the Black Death.

As a fast result of the Black Death, two new addictions spread through Europe: Liquor, known by the alchemists for longer time already, is (mis-)used as a cure against the plague. So is tobacco, which is brought from the New World and sold for high prices.

The Jews have to suffer under pogroms ITTL too. Many have to flee from their places, especially in Castille and Germany.

Chaos TL in blocks
Earlier in time:

Western Europe 1300-1350

Western Europe


Later in time:

Western Europe / Atlantis 1400-1450

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