You are reading about an alternate West Papua in the Andromeda Timeline. In the Milky Way Timeline (our timeline), West Papua is still Indonesian territory.
West Papua, officially the Republic of West Papua (Indonesian: Republik Papua Barat) is a country located in Southeast Asia and Oceania that just recently gained independence from Indonesia in 2010, following an agreement signed between the Indonesian and Philippine governments in which the Philippines acquired West Papua and granted it its independence. Currently West Papua, along with East Timor was one of Southeast Asia's poorest countries. Aid from the Philippines, Malaysia and United States allowed living conditions to improve in West Papua. West Papua shares borders with Indonesia to the east and west.
Melanesians make up the predominant ethnic group in West Papua. Melanesians are indigenous to the region and are not related to Austronesian peoples. Melanesian and Papuan people are descendants of the ancient settlers of Melanesia who's origins are quite unknown. Most Melanesians still retain their ancient genotypes. Around 4,000 years ago, the indigenous Melanesians began contact with Austronesian speaking peoples. In 1963, Indonesia occupied West Papua. This unfortunately created periods of genocide from Indonesian soldiers. A similar event took place in East Timor. In 1975, East Timor declared independence from Indonesia. West Papuans have also tried gaining independence from Indonesia, but failed to due to Indonesia's powerful army, who kept pounding the islands. The torturing of West Papuans upset other countries in Southeast Asia. Papuans have experienced ethnic discrimination from Indonesian occupation. The discussion was brought in an ASEAN summit in Manila, Philippines. President Marcos has tried to acquire West Papua from Indonesia, but failed to. The agreement remained undecided with the members of ASEAN on what to do with West Papua
Treaty of New Guinea and ASEAN Frees West Papua
In the 2010 ASEAN Summit in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, it was decided that Indonesia could no longer keep West Papua. This meeting was known as the "Summit that Changed Southeast Asia". Not only did Indonesia lose West Papua, but Malaysia also lost Sabah to the Philippines. But, parts of northern Kalimantan became part of Malaysia to make up for Malaysia's loss of territory and to further pay Indonesia's debt for the destruction they caused in West Papua. Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines signed the Treaty of New Guinea. This treaty required that the countries would not engage in military confrontation over the decision to give up West Papua. West Papua was given to Malaysia, who handed the territory over to the Philippines. On October 2, 2010, West Papua officially gained independance as an independent country. The members of ASEAN also looked at the religious violence in Sulawesi. Pitsuwan also accused Indonesia's military and police force for not being proactive on this religious terrorism and gave Susilo Bambang one more chance to at least act proactively to quell the religious genocide in Sulawesi.
Modern-Day Politics and Administrations
West Papua is currently a democratic republic and is divided into ten provinces. The current president of West Papua is Abraham Octavarius Atururi, the governer when West Papua was an Indonesian province. Manokwari is the political capit of West Papua. Right now the West Papuan government and economy are still in development, although successful as the country has just recently gained independance.
Foreign Aid and Relations
The other countries in Southeast Asia aided West Papua. The Treaty of New Guinea also required Indonesia to aid West Papua. The general secretary of ASEAN, Surin Pitsuwan said, "The Indonesian army has caused much bloodshed and genocide to the Papuans. They will pay it back and give aid to West Papua. It was the same situation with East Timor." Pitsuwan also said that if Indonesian soldiers attempt to make violent confrontations with Papuans, then the other militaries such as the Malaysian and Philippine armies that will be present will intervene. Pitsuwan said, "The Rules of Engagement still apply here as they would anywhere. I see no reason of why Indonesia should be using military force, the Papuans didn't commit terrorism or anything. If they ever do, it's very likely to be retaliation." Malaysia and Philippines also pays for some of West Papua's living conditions. Although West Papua is an independant country, it is a protectorate of the United States, Malaysia and the Philippines. Soldiers from these countries were to sent guard eastern West Papua to watch Indonesia's army on the other side. Pitsuwan said, "We are not trying to create another Korean War or DMZ here. It is just that, Indonesia's army has caused unnecessary genocide against the Papuans." Indonesian president Susilo Bambang visits West Papua on its indpenedance day and gives apologies for atrocities caused by Indonesian soldiers. Bambang said, "I am very sorry the Indonesian soldiers put the Papuans through this. I did not order these troops to attack - but since I am the president of Indonesia now, I feel a little incomplete without coming here to provide apologies. I will do my best to make sure that Indonesia gives West Papua the necessities it needs to survive." Malaysian prime minister Najib Razak said, "We hope to build cities in West Papua. But not to the extent that it threatens wildlife in West Papua. But the idea of big soaring cities in West Papua is way beyond our current goal. Our goal is to help West Papuans endure better living conditions and to recover from the troubles that Indonesia put them through. Same with East Timor." Learning of the Indonesian army's history of corruption, Surin Pitsuwan said that if anymore was reported, Sulawesi would be taken from Indonesia by combined military force from Malaysia and the Philippines. Currently the Indonesian government has paid $40,000,000 in reparations to West Papua.
Ethnic Groups and Religions
West Papua is home to thousands of languages and dialects. Many of these are not Austronesian languages as one would expect to find. West Papua is located in the Melanesian region of Oceania. Most of the ethnolinguistic groups in West Papua are Melanesians. The only Austronesian language spoken in West Papua is Indonesian. After West Papua gained independance from Indonesia, Bahasa Indonesia still remained the official language, simply to create successful communication amongst the thousands of ethnic groups who speak different dialects. Linguists are trying to come up with and propose a "Papuan language" which would act the native national language that unites the Papuans, while Indonesian and English become official languages. The majority religion is Protestantism. Others practice Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism.