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These are the wars of the Asia for the Asiatics! timeline.
|Wars & Conflicts|
World War I
Originally known as the Great War, World War I was the first modern conflict that quickly spread across the entire world. It began with the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian ultra-nationalist. This spark quickly ignited a war between Europe's two main alliances: the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire plus Bulgaria) and the Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, Russia, and later the United States).
In Asia, Japan and China joined the war against the Central Powers. Japan seized control of the German-controlled Chinese port of Tsingtao along with the Mariana, Caroline and Marshall Islands. China seized the Austrian-controlled port of Tianjin. In 1915, Yuan Shikai declared himself Emperor of China, which was met with much opposition in China and elsewhere in the world. To force an end to the Chinese political division, Japan issued the Republican Demands to force Emperor Shikai to step down and strengthen the Republican opposition. He abdicated the throne on March 22, 1915 and died shortly thereafter. Soon, warlords rose across China and the country entered a civil war.
Elsewhere in the world, the Central Powers were slowly pushed back by the Allies. The Russian Empire collapsed into civil war in 1917, the Ottoman Empire was crumbling, and the rest of the Central Powers were weakening. The war ended on November 11, 1918 after Germany's surrender.
In order to prevent the spread of Communism to Japan's northern border, the Empire of Japan joined the Allied Powers in a joint intervention in the Russian Civil War. Throughout Russia, Allied forces moved in to assist the White forces. In the Russian Far East, Japan, China, and the United States, along with some European nations, deployed forces in August 1918. They moved westward to the Lake Baikal, occupied most of the Far Eastern towns, and rescued the Czech Legion. The Allies supported the various White regimes in Siberia, primarily the government of Admiral Kolchak. However, due to Soviet success and the economic strain of the occupation, the Allies were all ultimately forced to withdraw from Russian, now Soviet, territory.
Second Sino-Japanese War
In order to reunify China and pacify their own expansionist military, Japan forced the Republic of China to cooperate with it during its planned Northern Expedition. In a secret treaty, China ceded Manchuria to Japan. This action caused deep resentment within the Chinese government towards Japan and a loss of a popular support, but it ended the further ambitions of the Japanese military and allowed the civilian government to assert its full authority over the military.
It began in July 1926 with the Chinese march north to the Yangtze River. At the same time, the Imperial Japanese Army moved into Manchuria and fully occupied the area. The Warlord of Manchuria, Zhang Zuolin, temporarily attempted to resist the full Japanese takeover, but thanks to his previous relations with Japan and the generous offer by the Japanese government he quickly agreed to the annexation. In return, Zhang was appointed governor-general of Japanese Manchukuo and received generous Japanese funds to invest in his new province of Japan.
Further south, the Republican forces marched north towards Beijing. However the anti-communist purge of the summer of 1927 delayed their advance, but it gained further Japanese support due to the ending of the KMT's ties with the Soviet Union. Finally, on June 4, 1928 Beijing fell and was renamed Beiyang ("Northern Peace").