Napoleon I Pierre-Charles Villeneuve Michel Ney André Masséna Joachim Murat
Francis II Karl Mack von Leiberich Alexander I Mikhail Kutuzov Henry Addington Viscount Nelson
400,000 French, 120,000 from satellite states, 30+ ships
50+ ships 40,000 men 200,000+ men
Casualties and Losses
40,000 total losses
The War of the Third Coalition, also referred to as the First European War, was a military conflict between Napoleon I's France and a British-led coalition of nation assembled to roll back previous French victories after the defeats of the first two coalitions. During the conflict, Napoleon became the Emperor of the French, giving him absolute power over the French Empire.
The only nations in the coalition that Napoleon perceived as a legitimate threat to France were Britain and Russia. Napoleon's goals with this war were to cripple the British navy to prepare an invasion and spread French influence into central Europe in order to threaten Prussia and Austria. Both of these goal were realized within the war when the British fleet was narrowly defeated at the Battle of Trafalgar and the Holy Roman Empire disintegrated and became the Confederation of the Rhine, a French satellite. French victories were of course not unearned, and early glimpses of Napoleon's genius manifested in brillant strategic victories at battles such as Austerlitz and Ulm. Admiral Nelson was killed very early into the battle of Trafalgar, an event that is mainly considered to be the reason for the French victory.