War for Southern Independence

April 12, 1861


June 1865


North America, Atlantic Ocean


Confederate Victory


United States of America

Confederate States of America


United Kingdom



Abraham Lincoln

Winfield Scott

George B. McClellan

Henry Wager Halleck

Ulysses S. Grant

Gideon Welles

Jefferson Davis

P.G.T. Beauregard

Robert E. Lee



Confederacy 1,064,000

United Kindom14,607,725

France 13,676,509

Casualties and Losses

275,414 killed in action ~399,000 total dead 275,200 wounded

189,524 killed in action ~360,000 total dead 237,000 wounded

The War for Southern Independence (1861–1865) was a war in the North America. 15 southern declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, also known as "the Confederacy". Led by Jefferson Davis, the Confederacy fought for its independence from the United States. The U.S. federal government was supported by 18 Northern states referred to as the Union. They had a much larger base of population and industry than the South but the south had Britain and France on her side . After four years of bloody, devastating warfare (mostly within the Southern states), the Union surrendered and the Confederacy stayed independent

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