The Wabanaki War (1707-1710), also known as Governor Dudley's War, Rale's War, the 4th Anglo-Abenaki War or the Wabanaki-New England War of 1707–1710 was a series of battles fought between English settlers in the New England colonies and the tribes that composed the Wabanaki Confederacy specifically the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, and Abenaki) led by the Jesuit missionary, Sebastian Rale.
Fought primarily in the north west of the colonies of New England, the battles and raids were a result of continuing conflict between the Wabanaki confederacy and the English settlers in the wake of the signing of the Treaty of Plymouth that brought an end to the hostilities between England, France, and several of their allied Indian tribes, except for those in the confederacy who would not be seated due to their brutalising actions against colonial civilians during Queen Mary's War. As a result the Indians turned to Sebastian Rale for his leadership, after which they were advised by the Jesuit to continue a raiding campaign to wear down English morale.
Supplied primarily by the French who were subversively attempting to take revenge on the English in the aftermath of the War of the Spanish Succession, the Wabanaki peoples initially succeeded in driving their enemies from the frontier, even going so far as to siege several major forts in the New England region. However, soon after the deaths of the two most prominent Wabanaki generals, Chief Mog and Chief Wowurna, divisions within the tribes wore down on their ability to wage guerrilla war against the English and soon after the death of Father Rale in 1709, the tribes were each forced one by one to give into colonial peace terms.