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The Vostochny Cosmodrome (Russian: Kosmodrom Vostochny: "Eastern Spaceport") is the Siberian spaceport, located in the Amur Oblast of the Russian Far East. It was built to serve as the USSR's principal spaceport after the destruction of the Baikonur Cosmodrome on Doomsday. Construction started in 1991 and ended in 1998. The total area is 551.5 km, being a region approximately 30 km in diameter.
There are five launch pads at the site, including two for manned flights and space freighters. An inter-agency working group for managing the construction has been created, and work to design other crucial elements of the cosmodrome's infrastructure is in progress. Vostochny's geographic location means that rockets are be able to carry almost the same amount of payload, as they could when they were launched from Baikonur.
The new cosmodrome enables the Socialist Union to launch all missions from its own soil, and made Siberia completely independent from the Guyana Space Center.
So far, the Siberians has succeeded in successfully launching a test satellite for the GLONASS system named "Tsiklon" (Russian: Циклон), while the Mir Space Station is still in early planning stages and serious development will possibly begin sometime after 2020.
The Authority for Space Operations and the USSR have signed the "Guiana Treaty" referring to the location where the decisive negotiations took place in November and December 2008. This, however, does not hinder the Siberian's in their military projects and they have launched a few spy satellites from mobile platforms that do not fall under LoNASO authority.