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Vice Chancellor of the
United Cygnian States
Seal of the Vice Chancellor of Cygnia
Vice Cancellarial Seal
Eureka Flag
Tanya-plibersek2015
Incumbent
Tanya Plibersek

since 6 February 2017
Style The Honourable (official)
Vice Chancellor (informal)
His/Her Excellency (diplomatic)
Appointer The Queen
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Robert Hyatt
Formation 6 June 1792
226 years ago
Salary £250,000 annually
Website Vice Chancellor Tanya Plibersek

The Vice Chancellor of the United Cygnian States is the third-highest position in the executive branch of Cygnia, after the Sovereign and Chancellor. The Vice Chancellor is conventionally the Deputy Leader of the governing party, and serves a four-year term of office. The Vice Chancellor would normally ascend to the Chancellorship in the event of the death, resignation or removal of the Chancellor. The Office of the Vice Chancellor of Cygnia assists and organises the Vice Chancellor's official functions.

The current officeholder, Tanya Plibersek, took office on 3 January 2017 alongside Chancellor Julia Gillard following the Cygnian Labour Party's election to government in December 2016.

Origin

The Vice Chancellorship until 1949 was not an official position, as there is no mention of the office in the first Imperial Constitution of Cygnia. Upon the death, disability or removal from office of the incumbent Chancellor, Congress was empowered to elect an officer to serve as Acting Chancellor until the Sovereign appointed a new head of government. In practice, however, the Vice Chancellorship evolved as a more practical alternative for cancellarial succession. This was demonstrated following the assassination of Harrison Redford in 1854, when Congress elected his Vice Chancellor, Hunter Alston, as Acting Chancellor — an appointment that was later confirmed by Queen Victoria.

The 1948 Constitution formalised the Vice Chancellorship in Article Two, Section 5, which states that "in case of the removal of the Chancellor from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice Chancellor shall become Chancellor."

Roles of the Vice Chancellor

The Constitution limits the formal powers and role of the Vice Chancellor to becoming Chancellor, should the Chancellor become unable to serve. Other statutorily granted roles include membership of the National Security Council. The Vice Chancellor often also holds other ministerial portfolios in the Cabinet, such as that of the Treasurer or Foreign Minister.

List of Vice Chancellors

The following individuals have been officially appointed as Vice Chancellor of Cygnia since the office was created in 1948:

     Labour      National
# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Chancellor
Term
(Election)
Took Office Left Office
1 Eric Harrison
Member for Wentworth
(1892–1974)
40th
(1948)
3 January 1949 3 January 1957 National Robert Menzies
41st
(1952)
2 HaroldHoltPortrait1953 Harold Holt
Member for Higgins
(1908–1967)
42nd
(1956)
3 January 1957 3 January 1965 National
43rd
(1960)
3 Sir John McEwen John McEwen
Member for Murray
(1900–1980)
44th
(1964)
3 January 1965 17 December 1967 National Harold Holt
Vacant 17 December 1967 10 January 1968 John McEwen
(3) Sir John McEwen John McEwen
Member for Murray
(1900–1980)
10 January 1968 5 February 1971 National John Gorton
45th
(1968)
4 Doug Anthony
Member for Richmond
(born 1929)
5 February 1971 3 January 1973 National
William McMahon
5 Lance Barnard
Member for Bass
(1919–1997)
46th
(1972)
3 January 1973 31 August 1975 Labour Gough Whitlam
(4) Doug Anthony
Member for Richmond
(born 1929)
31 August 1975 3 January 1985 National Malcolm Fraser
47th
(1975)
48th
(1976)
49th
(1980)
6 Lionel Bowen
Member for Kingsford Smith
(1922–2012)
50th
(1984)
3 January 1985 4 April 1990 Labour Bob Hawke
51st
(1988)
7 Paul Keating 1996 Debate Paul Keating
Member for Blaxland
(born 1944)
4 April 1990 3 June 1991 Labour
8 Brian Howe
Member for Batman
(born 1936)
3 June 1991 20 June 1995 Labour
52nd
(1992)
Paul Keating
9 Kim Beazley Kim Beazley
Member for Swan and Brand
(born 1948)
20 June 1995 3 January 1997 Labour
10 Tim Fischer
Member for Farrer
(born 1946)
53rd
(1996)
3 January 1997 20 July 1999 National John Howard
11 John Anderson
Member for Gwidyr
(born 1956)
20 July 1999 6 July 2005 National
54th
(2000)
55th
(2004)
12 Mark Vaile
Member for Lyne
(born 1956)
6 July 2005 3 January 2009 National
13 Julia Gillard Julia Gillard
Member for Lalor
(born 1961)
56th
(2008)
3 January 2009 30 July 2012 Labour Kevin Rudd
14 Treasurer Wayne Swan, 2009, crop Wayne Swan
Member for Lilley
(born 1954)
30 July 2012 3 January 2013 Labour Julia Gillard
15 Warren Truss
Member for Wide Bay
(born 1948)
57th
(2012)
3 January 2013 18 February 2016 National Tony Abbott
Malcolm Turnbull
16 Julie Bishop 2014 Julie Bishop
Member for Curtin
(born 1956)
18 February 2016 3 January 2017 National
17 Tanya-plibersek2015 Tanya Plibersek
Member for Sydney
(born 1969)
58th
(2016)
3 January 2017 Incumbent Labour Julia Gillard