Marquis de Vaudreuil Joseph de Jumonville Marquis Duquesne
35,000 regulars and militia
Casualties and Losses
11,100 killed, wounded, or captured
11,000 killed, wounded, or captured
The Vermont War was an armed conflict between the colonies of New Netherland and New France. The war started due to a dispute over the de facto French territory of Vermont, which was annexed by the Dutch in 1750. The French declared war later that year. However, the Dutch made swift progress to capture French land. By mid-1751, they had captured Acadia, which came to a shock to many French. Present-day Ohio was captured early on with the fall of Sandoske, and Detroit fell soon after as the Dutch conquered New Canada. The French and Dutch finally made peace with the Treaty of Rotterdam in 1753, following the surrender of Montreal. This treaty gave New Netherland Ohio, New Canada, and all land south of the St. Lawrence River, including Acadia.
There were a few causes leading to the Vermont War. The first, and most prominent one, was the overlapping claims of Dutch and French colonists. The two most coveted areas were the fertile Champlain (in present-day Vermont) and the Ohio River (mainly in present-day Ohio, Appalachia, and Allegheny) valleys. The other cause was competition between the Dutch and French in the fur trading industry, which was one of the main economic sectors in New Netherland and Canada at the time.