The Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia (Most Serene Republic of Venice, Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta) had been founded by refugees from the barbarian invasions that devastated the Roman Empire. In a similar way the new Venetian republic was founded by refugees fleeing the chaos that engulfed northern Italy in the fateful year of 1983 and settled in the islands of the Gulf of Venice. Sicilian progress in Italy forced to retreat to Trieste, and it was saved by the Alpine Confederation counteroffensive in northern Italy, since then is a protectorate of the Confederation.
Despite the display of the symbols of the ancient Republic of San Marcos - as the flag, the coat of arms and the title of Doge to the Head of State - modern Venetian republic has little to do with its predecessor. In reality it's an alliance of Italian communities, and some Slovenian and Croatian, forming a multicultural pot, where Catholicism is the main connecting link under the spiritual authority of the Patriarch of Grado.
In late 1983, Venice and the surrounding islands formed an emergency government. In 1984 with the finding that Italy had fallen into anarchy this government declared a new Venetian Republic. Between 1984 and 1987 the new republic extends its influence along the coast of Veneto, Trieste and the Istrian peninsula allied with rebels of Croatia and Slovenia who gained independence from Yugoslavia by taking advantage of anarchy engulfing Europe.
In 1988, Venice was occupied by the Sicilian Navy. The Venetian government took refuge in Trieste and find help from the Alpine Confederation. The Confederates meanwhile had already decided to curb the expansionist ambitions of Sicily and fought back by bringing under its control northern Italy. Sicily had to abandon his conquests north of the Apennines, including the islands of the Gulf of Venice, besieged by the combined forces of the Venetians and the Austro-Swiss.
The Alpine Confederation reorganized the north of Italy, formally annexed some territories such as Trentino, Aosta and the Valtellina but most of the territory was organized into several zones of occupation. Venice, although formally independent, is under Alpine occupation.
After years of turmoil and war on territory previously held by the Italian regions of Veneto and Friuli-Ven-Giulia, Slovenia and northwestern Croatia was a confusing mix of communities and peoples intermingled in any organization that exceeded the local and only the Alpine occupation authorities guaranteed some peace and order. Were these authorities which fostered the creation of a new state that would not appeal as a hallmark of nationalism already known, but would settle on the basis of a community of people forming a new Venetian nationality.
Although formally Venice is the capital of the state (and the city where that was founded) today is only a nice stage for the ceremonies of state (as investiture of Doge or signing of treaties), in practice Trieste works as an administrative capital and the ordinary basis of government agencies.
The State is a confederation of municipalities in which the central government has little weight (and the occupation of the Confederation further restricts the ability of central government initiative), exchanges of population from one side to another of the old boundaries have diluted national differences between Italians, Slovenes and Croats (although these still exist and are reflected in the existence of a nationalist political parties of each nationality).
Despite its status with the Confederation, Venice joined the Italian Peninsula Alliance with them in January of 2010. Their naval forces and marines aided San Marino along the eastern coastline of the peninsula after the IPA, with alpine support, intervened in February, and their army took command of a large force of volunteers between the Tuscan and San Marinese armies that joined in the advance there.