Vatican City-State
Stato della Città del Vaticano (Italian)
Status Civitatis Vaticanae (Latin)
Flag of the Vatican City Coat of arms Holy See
Flag Coat of Arms

Inno e Marcia Pontificale
Pontifical Anthem and March

Capital Vatican City (city-state)
Official languages Italian
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Absolute monarchy, ecclesiastical and elective theocracy
- Francis
Secretary of State
- Pietro Parolin
President of the Governorate
- Giuseppe Bertello
Legislature Pontifical Commission
Independence from the Kingdom of Italy
- Lateran Treaty 11 February 1929
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the Right
ISO 3166 code VA
Internet TLD .va

Vatican City (Italian: Città del Vaticano; Latin: Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City-State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano; Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is a walled enclave within the city of Rome. With an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of 842, it is the smallest internationally recognized independent state in the world by both area and population.

It is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state ruled by the Bishop of Rome – the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the Popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.

Vatican City is distinct from the Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes), which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.1 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. The independent city-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy. According to the terms of the treaty, the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" over the city-state. During Shugarhai Union's old and new eras, Vatican City is still a very peaceful country and one of last Catholic countries in Europe to remain free from Shugarhai. It's also the only country in Europe that doesn't include any shugarists in the city-state.

Within Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications.

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