Alternate History

Vassals of the Arabian Federation (Principia Moderni II Map Game)

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The Arabian Federation has several vassal states, protectorates, puppets and in personal and dynastic unions with other nations. This page gives information on these various nations and is part of wider efforts to archive the history of the mighty Arabian Federation.

The Levantine Kingdom

The Levantine Kingdom rules over the Levant region and Eygpt, and is in dynastic union with the Federation. For more detailed information please see the nation page for the Levant, which is linked here. The dynastic union happened thanks to the 1703 marriage of Sheik Ahmed of Medina and Princess Mary, the eldest daughter of King Alexander.

The Arabian Caliphate

The Caliphate became under Federation control after a plan to get an Imam from the Arabian Federation elected as Caliph, so the Federation could establish a puppet government. This plan was made with the old Persian empire, who were sold land in the northern Caliphate in return for supporting Imam Ali's quest to be elected Caliph. Imam Ali was elected Caliph in 1678 who sold land to the Federation and Persia at a bargain price as thanks for supporting his campaign to be elected.

However, the Persians would betray the Arabians by starting a war against the Levant in 1686 and this caused unease to Caliph Ali who then wished to re-take the land he previously sold to the Persians. This accumulated in the 1693 war against Persia which saw Persia collapsing and the Caliphate regaining the territory. However this war caused the Sheikhs of the Caliphate to demand greater regional autonomy and more independence from the Arabian Federation. Caliph Ali alongside several powerful Sheikhs of the Caliphate, meet with the Federation to negotiate and they eventually come to the agreement that the Caliphate should adopt a similar constitution to that of the Arabian Federation, though instead of Sheikhs voting to appoint a Sultan, they vote to appoint an Emir who rules the Caliphate sort of like a Prime Minister, and the Caliph remains the head of state.

The new constitutional monarchy system Caliphate now in personal union with the Arabian Federation (as opposed to the Caliph being a vassal of the Federation), became stronger and entered into a dynastic union with the Levantine Kingdom in 1703. Since then the Caliphate focused on peacefully spreading Islam, knowledge and trade across the globe and to its own citizens. Under the leadership of Emir Khalil, the second Emir of the Caliphate, the nation even established a colony (in southern Africa in OTL Maputo Bay) which is named Al-Khalil in the Emir's honour. Soon after this colony's establishment, the Caliphate was brought into a war against Ethiopia by the Federation as part of the Great Arab-Ethiopian war of the 1720s; from which the Caliphate gained some territory in Yemen.

Following this war, the Caliphate continued to spread Islam, expand its economy and expanding the Al-Khalil colony; which saw Al-Khalil bay becoming a major trading hub in the Straits of Madagascar, protected by Fort Inhaca-al-Khalil on the island of Inhaca.

The election of Sheik Mohammed of Najran, increasing Caliphate debt, poor economic performance and shrinking standard of living, caused most of the Caliphate's Sheiks to start calling for direct annexation into the Federation itself.

Emirs of the Arabian Caliphate

Name of Sultan Title Terms in office Years in office
Ahmed Sheik of Medina 2 1697-1717
Khalil Sheik of Mecca 3 1717-1747
Hakem Sheik of Medina 1 1747-1754
Jamal Sheik of Abha 1 1754-1757
Mohammed Sheik of Najran 2 1757-1777

Caliphs of the Arabian Caliphate (since Federation dominance)

Name of Sultan Title Years in office
Ali Imam of Muscat 1678-1740
Abdullah Imam of Jazan 1741-1766
Abdul-Majid Imam of Doha 1767-1782
Faruq Imam of Medina 1782-1790
Abbduin Caliph Imam of Medina 1782-1790

The Sultanate of Baghdad

Following the Persian war of 1690s, the old Persian vassal, the Sultanate of Mesopotamia was taken over by the Federation who split up the Sultanate of Mesopotamia back into the Sultanates of Kuwait and Baghdad like it used to be, before Persia took them over.

Formed in 1697, Baghdad quickly become an important trade crossroads between Europe and Asia; and agreements to use Kuwaiti and Levantine ports, Baghdad became an exporting nation in its own rights. The growing power of Baghdad, led to Baghdad leading an invasion of Persia in 1710 to expand the nation. However the landlocked nation knowing it couldn't start a colonial empire like its allies, the Sultan of Baghdad focused on making Baghdad an agricultural powerhouse so to trade grain and food exports to the Federation and Levant in exchange for slaves, spices, precious metals and other exotic goods from their colonies. This caused Baghdad to become the first nation in the Middle East to start industrializing, and it quickly became a regional leader in agriculture, chemistry, manufacturing and health care.

Sultans of Baghdad

Name of Sultan Years in office
Marzuq 1697-1706
Abdul-Razzaq 1706-1737
Abdul-Ra'uf 1737-1774
Abdur Rahim 1774-1791
Husam al Din 1791-??

The Sultanate of Kuwait

Following the Persian war of 1690s, the old Persian vassal, the Sultanate of Mesopotamia was taken over by the Federation who split up the Sultanate of Mesopotamia back into the Sultanates of Kuwait and Baghdad like it used to be, before Persia took them over.

The small Sultanate of Kuwait, quickly gained lots of money from letting Baghdad trade through Kuwaiti ports and Kuwaiti merchants trading across the Indian Ocean. All this trade brought lots of wealth to the small nation which using its trade surpluses began trying to fund a colonial empire, but expeditions to Australia found no suitable place to start a colony. The colonial dream ended with the death of Sultan Faisal and his son, Sultan Hanbal decided to focus on regaining lost Kuwaiti lands from the Dutch. After many years of negotiations, Kuwait returned to its old pre-1680 borders, uniting many Kuwaiti families and increasing the power of the Sultanate.

However after fighting in the Great Arab-Ethiopian war of the 1720s, Kuwait gained a colony in the form of a trading post in Mumbai after forcing the defeated Indians to cede Mumbai to Kuwait as one of the winners of the war. Using the new colony, Sultan Faisal built up a force of five fleets to protect the Kuwaiti trade network and to help Kuwait's allies in their overseas wars. Kuwait's riches continued to increase thanks to the protected trade network and Mumbai colony, and the Sultanate began to industrialize, improve its health service and even experimented with metal armoured naval battleships in 1758 too.

Sultans of Kuwait

Name of Sultan Years in office
Sultan Faisal 1693-1708
Sultan Hanbal 1708-1725
Sultan Faisal II 1725-1757
Sultan Faisal III 1757-1765
Sultan Ibrahim 1765-

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