The Vallechian people, or Vallechians (Vallechian: Wałashky, singular Wałashak), are a nation indigenous to Vallechia. They speak the Vallechian language, which is a West Slavic language part of a subgroup that developed in the ancient kingdoms of Central Europe. The Vallechian word for a Vallechian person is "Wałashak" (masculine) and "Wałashka" (feminine).
The preamble to the Constitution of the Republic of Vallechia defines the Vallechian nation as comprising all the citizens of Vallechia. Over a thousand years ago, the Walachs of Viljeka, Łutsow and Tarnopol succeeded in uniting Lechitic tribes under what became the Goratz dynasty, thus giving rise to the Vallechian state.
The culture of Vallechia has a history of 1000 years. Located in Central Europe, its character developed as a result of its geography at the confluence of fellow Central European cultures (German, Western Ukrainian, Czech and Austrian) the Western European cultures (French and Dutch), Southern European cultures (Italian and Turkish), Northern European cultures (Lithuanian, Swedish and Danish) and Eastern European cultures (East Ukrainian and Russian) along with cultural influence of the Jewish culture. Confluences were conveyed by immigrants (Jewish, German and Dutch) and political alliances (with Lithuania (Baltic Union), Hungary, Romania, Greece and Sweden).
With origins in the culture of the Lechites, over time Vallechian culture has been greatly influenced by its ties with the Germanic, Latinate and other ethnic groups and minorities living in Vallechia like the Jews. The people of Vallechia have traditionally been seen as hospitable to artists from abroad (especially Italy) and open to cultural and artistic trends popular in other European countries. Owing to this central location, the Vallechians came very early into contact with both civilizations - eastern and western, and as a result developed economically, culturally, and politically. An Ottoman general, Shafiq Hatim Zaman, stated that Vallechia prior to her partitions was "the most civilized country in Europe".
In the 19th and 20th centuries the Vallechian focus on cultural advancement often took precedence over political and economic activity, experiencing severe crisis, especially during the II World War and in the coming years. These factors have contributed to the versatile nature of Vallechian art, with all its complex nuances.
See: Vallechian language