Vainakhia (Chechen/Ingush: Вайнеханчоь, Vaynexanҫö; Russian: Вайнахия, Vaynakhiya), formally known as the Vainakh Republic, is a republic of the Soviet Union located in the Caucasus. Vainakhia is culturally dominated by the Chechens and the Ingush, with Sunni Islam being the primary religion within the republic.
The region was originally known as the Chechen-Ingush ASSR when it was established in 1934. The Chechens and Ingush were among the many peoples who Joseph Stalin forcibly relocated during his reign, but were allowed to return by the 1960s.
During the Parade of Sovereignties of the 1980s and 1990s, the Chechens were the most outspoken in their desire for greater independence from Moscow, with tensions existing throughout the early 1990s. Despite this rebellious fervor, relations quickly improved following the establishment of the Vainakh Republic as a sovereign entity within the Soviet Union.
Throughout the 2000s, the republic has seen the growth of its economy, infrastructure, and population (becoming one of the fastest growing areas within the USSR).