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Ural Mountains (Urolmak)

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The Ural mountains is a mountain range in Urolmak. The southern edge starts at the Caspien Sea and it continues into the Arctic Ocean as Vaygach Island and Novaya Zemlya. It is usually considered the border between Europe and Asia. The Ural Mountain chain is about 2500 km or 22.5 degrees from North to South not including Vaygach Island and Novaya Zemlya.

Formation

The Ural Mountains formed about 280 million years ago, in the Permian Period when the Baltic Plate collided into the Siberian Plate.

History

The Ural Mountains throughout history have usually been in the hands of enormous empires.

Pre-Mongol Empire

They were originally inhabited by the Samoyed and Ugrian peoples. One of the first countries near there was the small state of Volga Bulgaria, Bulgar state, existing between about 600-1200 AD and later the Bashkir state, starting at about 1200 AD.

Mongol Empire

From the 1220s to the 1250s the massive Mongol Empire managed to take the southern half of the Ural Mountains and when it split up in the 1240s, the Ural Mountains fell to the Golden Horde Khanate, which then expanded its territory to 2/3rds of the Ural Mountains. After the Golden Horde collapsed in 1502, the Mountain Range was owned by some smaller states and tribes including Turkish Tribes, the Sibir Khanate and the Khanate of Kazan.

Russia

By the year 1600, all these had been taken over by the Tsardom of Russia. In 1721 Peter the Great of Russia changed the Tsardom of Russia to the Russian Empire, which grew to a massive size and spanned three continents. It was overthrown in 1917 in the February revolution and replaced by the short-lived Russian Republic, which was then Dissolved in the October revolution and Replaced with the Soviet Union. The Ural Mountains was the goal to reach in the Nazi invasion of Russia.

Cold War

During the Cold War the Ural Mountains where considered a refuge and they where also heavily mined to build the Silver Bird. On the Eastern side of the Ural Mountains the AGR Factory was constructed and the American Air Force changed the weather system there in the Ural Weather Attack by spraying chemicals out of jets in 1958. In 1978 it was invaded by Greater Russia and then in 1980, the Krableys bombing blew tons of sand and vegetation onto the Ural Mountains, covering it in a bright green film. It was bombed multiple times during the Cold War and in 1990 was reported to have a background radiation of 32/1000LBs.

After the Cold War

When the Cold War ended in 1989 the Ural Mountains belonged to Urolmak. Since the Cold War multiple towns and cities have been built up on the Ural Mountains including Urolmak's largest city: Echagon. It is now an area of economic growth, with mining taking place and experimentation with underground cities. In the 1990s the effects of the Ural Weather Attack were only 50% of what they where in 1958 and in 2004 it was apparently 30%. In 2001 the Ural Mining Contract was signed, stating that certain areas of the Ural Mountains were to be free of mining.

Awakening of the Urals

A survey done in between 1989 and 1999 concluded that the Ural mountains had migrated approximately 290km eastward. Most geologists agree that this is due to intense bombing of the Atlantic ocean during the cold war. This bombing created weak areas and some fractures in the Earth's crust and consequently formed a new ocean ridge which has been furious with activity since. A new island chain formed called the Confuso islands.

Due to a new rapidly expanding oceanic ridge the Baltic Plate got pushed considerably east at about the speed of 20 km\year, 1.6 km\month, 55.5 m\day, 2.3 m\hour, 4 cm every minute or slightly more than half a millimeter every second. The Baltic plate did not move at a constant speed, however. It was usually propelled by extreme pressure in bursts that lasted a few minutes causing massive earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, pyroclastic lava flows and earth upheavals. This also encouraged mountain building and on average the Urals rose 30 meters in 20 years. The entire event is called the Baltic catastrophe and The Awakening of the Urals is a name for events about the Ural mountains specifically.

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