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|United States of Gran Colombia|
Estados Unidos de la Gran ColombiaTimeline: Emancipation (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: United States of Colombia, Ecuador
Location of Colombia
(and largest city)
68 Ethnic Languages
|Ethnic groups||72.2% Mestizo
|Demonym||Colombian or American|
|Government||Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic|
|-||President||Francisco Bolivar Rey|
|-||Vice President||Enrique Nel Mallarino|
|-||Secretary of State||Vicente Lucio Salazar|
|-||Upper house||National Senate|
|-||Lower house||National Assembly|
|Currency||Gran Colombian Peso (
The United States of Gran Colombia also recognized as Gran Colombia (Spanish: Estados Unidos de la Gran Colombia) was the result of the reunification of Colombia and Ecuador on April 14, 1876. In is bordered by Peru, Brazil, Venezuela, and Costa Rica.
Mallarino-Eguiguren Committee 
When the nation was established on April 14, 1876, Ecuador was still partially occupied by Peru. A provisional government was quickly established under the Colombian Constitution with Mallarino being President and Eguiguren becoming the new position of Vice President. The two established a committee to write a new liberal constitution and establish a new government, which was mainly led by Francisco Bolivar Rey.
On July 24, the Committee had written a new constitution along with a government structure that was slightly more centralized and had an expanded bureaucracy. Sixteen states were established inside the new republic. The Committee held elections for the government positions in that July and the new officials were put into office on August 1.
Rey Presidency [1876-1880]
Elected in 1876, with a large majority, Francisco Bolivar Rey became the First President of Gran Colombia. For his first Vice President he selected Enrique Mallarino and for Secretary of State (Head of Cabinet) he selected the Ecuadorian politician Vicente Salazar. As President, he tried to focus his actions on passing liberal policies and limiting foreign influence in Colombia.
In the first ten days of Rey's presidency he wrote and ratified a Bill of Rights. This caused him to gain even more popularity and trust from Colombian citizens. He also addressed French questions about a canal in Panama by proposing the Treaty of Panama City which also discussed improving Colombian infrastructure and military. Rey controversially lessened American influence in the state by seizing large American enterprises including the Panama Railway. Some of these enterprises remained owned by the government while the others were divided among native Colombian businessmen. Even though more negotiations ensued, Rey finally established relations with France and South Germany when the treaty was finally signed.
Gran Colombia is a constitutional democratic republican federation, which is head by a President. Although the President has the most power in Gran Colombia, the branches of government are balanced by checks and balances. There are three levels of government which are federal, state, and local. The government also features many changes of power so that one can not consolidate a large influence on the government.
The President the leader of the executive branch and is elected by the people in a national election. They serve four years and can not be immediately re-elected. The Vice President and Cabinet are selected by the President, serve two year terms, and can not be immediately reselected. The Cabinet is made up of three secretaries: Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, and Secretary of Treasury. Governors are the leaders of executive state governments, serve two year terms, and cannot be immediately re-elected.
The legislative branch is lead by the Grand Senator who has power over a bicameral legislature (the National Assembly and the National Senate). The National Assembly is made up of one hundred members who are elected to represent a state based on proportions in population. On the other hand, the National Senate is made up of thirty two members (two for each state). The state level of government is also made up of a unicameral legislature, lead by fifty members. Senators serve a four year term (can not be immediately re-elected), and representatives (no immediate re-election) and ministers serve two year terms.
The Judicial Branch is made up of three levels of court respective to their levels in government: Supreme Court, Courts of the People, and Smaller (Local) State Courts. The supreme court is lead by a Chief Justice and made up of selected eleven supreme justices (including the Chief Justice). At the state level, five minister justices are elected into the Court of the People, and at local levels there are state courts headed by judges. All judicial positions serve for sixteen year terms (and are not immediately re-electable).
All states in the United States of Gran Colombia are made up of executive, legislative, and judicial branches. All states also have a flag and a capital.
At the nation's formation in 1876, Gran Colombia's army fielded about one hundred thousand men (reserve and active). The structure of the military was largely based off of the German/Prussian structure with Inspectorados (inspectorates), Cuerpo (corps), Seccións (sections), and Regimientos (regiments). Also following after the Prussian system, during wartime, the staff of the Army inspectorates formed field army commands, which controlled the corps and subordinate units. Most of the army uses modern German weaponry, including Werndl–Holub rifles, Krupp C64 and C67 artillery, and Montigny mitrailleuse machine guns. The leadership of the army is made up of German and Colombian military officers and advisors.
- Inspección del Ejército I: Headquartered in Bogotá, became the 1st Army on mobilisation
- Inspección del Ejército II: Headquartered in Panama City, became the 2nd Army on mobilisation
- Inspección del Ejército III: Headquartered in Popayán, became the 3rd Army on mobilisation
- Inspección del Ejército IV: Headquartered in Quito, became the 4th Army on mobilisation
- Inspección del Ejército V: Headquartered in Cartagena, became the 5th Army on mobilisation