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With a total area of 18,464,374 Km2 and a population of 534,140,324 it is the second largest country in the world behind its sister nation the USA and the third, or fourth most populated country rivaling that of the United States of America. It is also the only country in the world to engulf an entire continent, and is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations. It is also the product of large scale immigration from many countries, also rivaling that of the United States of America. The geography and the climate of the Columbia is also extremely diverse, and the country is home a large variety of wildlife.
Around 20,000 years ago, many Indians migrated from the Eurasia to what is now the USA, and further migrated, with further European colonization beginning in the 16th century. For much of the century, the Spanish and the British fought to gain territory in Columbia with the British dominating the south as they did with the french in the North. United States of Columbia emerged from the British colonies along the North eastern coast. The same with their northern counterpart, there have been many disputes between Great Britain and the colonies which lead to the Columbian Revolution, inspired by the American revolutionary war. On June 7,1777 as Columbian colonies were fighting against Great Britain, delegates from the Columbian colonies unanimously adopted its own Declaration of Independence. The war ended in 1783 two months after American revolution with the recognition of the independence of the United States of Columbia by the Kingdom of Great Britain, and was the second successful war of independence against a European coloial empire. It also ended Great Britain's dominance over South America. The Columbian Constitution, an equivalent of the American Constitution, was adopted on August 19, 1787, almost a month before the United States Constitution. The first 9 Amendments, named the "Amendments of the People's Rights" were ratified in 1791 the same year as the USA's amendments, and like the USA amendments were designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties.
Because of their successful war against the British Empire and many similarities in ideology and government, the United States of America and the United States of Columbia signed the "Treaty of America and Columbia" (TAC) 1792 which was a military, economical and industrial alliance between the two countries.Also because of their drastic similarities, America and Columbia have been referred to by the world as "Sister Nations." America being the older sister and Columbia being the younger.
Inspired by their Northern counterparts "Manifest Destiny", the United States of Columbia embarked on an expansion across South America throughout the 19th century. Which like its northern counterpart, involved the displacing of Amazonian tribes, acquiring new territories and admitting new states to the Union. By 1850, the nation had spanned the entire South American continent, eventually becoming larger than the United States of America, and overtaking Canada as the largest nation in the Americas. Unlike their northern Counterpart, the United States of Columbia never legalized slavery for the original idea was that the country be opened to all ethnicities. However this didn't mean there weren't slaves in Columbia. During the American Civil War, the United States of Columbia helped their American allies fight against Confederate States of America by launching an invasion via Florida so that the Confederacy fought on the north and the south. The Bloody war came to a conclusion with the passing of the thirteenth amendment in 1865. That same year, Columbia abolished slavery, this of course created some uprising with some owners, and the Columbian government feared their own Civil war, but it never happened. By the end of the 19th Century, the United States of Columbia had extended to Cape Horn, and its economy, driven largely by the industrial revolution, began to soar. During the Spanish-American war, Columbia, along side its Northern counterpart, admitted new states from the Lesser Antilles Islands, and parts of Greater Antilles. The Spanish-American war, and World War 1 had established the country's status as a global military power. Columbia, alongside its northern counterpart, emerged from WW2 as a superpower, the second country to develop nuclear weapons, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution fo the Soviet Union left America and Columbia as the remaining dominant superpowers.
The United States of Columbia is a developed country and has the world's second largest national economy by nominal and real GDP. It remains one of the worlds largest manufacturer and accounts for 32% of global military spending, and 20% of world GDP, it is the second foremost military and economic power, a prominent political and cultural force and is second to the United States of America in Scientific research and technological innovations.
Mainland States: Alexandria, Aragon, Valkyrie, Noah, Trinity, Britannia, Equator, New Spain, Amazon, Brazil, New Virginia, Victoria, Chile, Veronica, Paragon, Argentina, Catarina.
Lesser Antilles: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Barbados, Virgin Islands, New Netherlands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Motserrat, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and Tobago, Virginia Island
Greater Antilles: Hispanola and Puerto Rico.
Others Island: Falkland Islands, (Galapagos Islands are considered part of Equator)
Central America: Maya (all of Central America united to create one state, it was named Maya as a nod to the Mayan people)
Columbia and America still didn't have official National Anthems, though America wouldn't accept an official anthem until March 3, 1931, the United States of Columbia adopted its own National anthem "Hail, Columbia" on May 16, 1932 The Anthem adopts the tune of "The Presidents March." A composition that played for the president until it was replaced by "hail to the chief."
Hail Columbia, our homeland!'
Hail, ye heroes, heav'n-born band,
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,'
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,
And when the storm of war was gone'
Enjoy the peace your valor won.'
Independence be our boast'
Let its altar reach the skys'
Ever mindful what it cost'
Ever greatful for the prize'
Let its Altar Reach the skies'
Firm united let us be'
Rallying around our liberty'
As a band of brothers joined'
Peace and safety we shall find
Sound, sound the trump of fame,
Let Lexington's great name
Ring through the world with loud applause,
Ring through the world with loud applause,
Let ev'ry clime to freedom dear,
Listen with a joyful ear,
With equal skill, with God-like pow'r
He governs in the fearful hour
Of horrid war, or guides with ease
The happier time of honest peace.
Firm, united let us be,
Rallying round our liberty,
As a band of brothers joined,
Peace and safety we shall find.
History (Pre-independence - Great Depression)
Indigenous and European Contact
Some of the first indigenous people came into the Americas from Asia over 15-20 thousand years ago, though increasing evidence suggested earlier times. Many natives before achieved advanced agricultural, and state level societies, by the time the Spanish Conquistadors entered, the native populations had dwindled by wars, but mostly diseases such as smallpox and measles. Portugal claimed Brazil in the 1500 and encountered Natives divided into several tribes. The first settlement was found in 1532.
Land Disputes between Britain and Spain
After the Conquistadors settled, Brazil was claimed by the Portuguese to expand their imperial presence to south America, whilst Spain was expanding down to the south and western area of the continent. Meanwhile the British Empire was focusing on the Northern part of the continent and expanding their territory much to Spain and Portugal's surprise.
During Anglo-Spanish war in 1585-1604 the English had managed to expand their military presence west to what is now Panama, and renamed the province of Colombia to Britannia, a name that was once England's name when it was under Roman domination.
The war ended with a Status quo ante bellum and the Treaty of London, but in the South American theater, the war ended in British favor with Britain dominating the Northern part of South America from what is now Alexandria all the way to Equator. Britain also established settlements in the southern part of the continent below Brazil.
Second Anglo-Spanish war
With Britain expanding their presence in North America, and with British colonies expanding in South America, there have been many disputes between the great powers of the time. The Second Anglo-Spanish war was the South American theatre of the world wide Seven Years War. The war was fought between the five colonies of British South America and new Spain, with both having military support from their parent countries. The British were officially outnumbered and relied on Amazonian tribes for their knowledge of the land to defeat the superior in numbers Spain. Britain had two million settlers, versus the almost three to almost four million Spanish. The British did, however, have an additional colony in what is now Argentina, which added 1.6 million people.
Though the Spanish did outnumber the British in western South America, The British reign supreme with a powerful navy that is large enough to send ships to the pacific ocean side of South America and reign down death and destruction on the Spanish colonies. With this, the Spanish thought that British invasion would come from the pacific ocean, this of course led the Spanish to fortify their coastal towns in what is now New Spain. However, this was false, for the British came in from Britannia and completely took the Spanish by surprise. The unorganized Spanish were defeated. Of course they did re-organized themselves and presented themselves as a formidable force for the duration of the war British army had the support of the Navy. The Second Anglo-Spanish war ended with the Treaty of Paris, which also ended the world wide Seven Years War. The war was successful for the British having taken what is now New Spain, the Spanish having to cede what is now New Virginia and Veronica to the British Empire. The Brits decided to leave Chile to Spain, the only territory that Spain has left in the continent, thus ending their dominance in South America.
The British won the war but it was the Five Colonies of South America that endured the cost. Nevertheless, excluding the Amazonian tribes, who were being displaced and conquered by the colonials, the original Five colonies had a population of over 1.9 million, almost a third of Britain. But like their Thirteen colonies counterpart, the rate of natural increase was such that by the 1770s, only a small percentage of colonials were born overseas. Whats more, the long distance from their parent country allowed the Five Colonies to develop a self-government system, much like their Northern counterpart. The success of this however motivated the monarchs to reassert royal authority.
Independence and Expansion
Since the end of the seven years war, the Thirteen colonies, and Five colonies have established relations with each other, and were both exhausted from the seven years war. The two colonies had realized that they had much in common, both were self governing, both were under British rule, and both were looking to the future of possible independence. By 1773 the two colonies were once again buckling under British rule again. The success of their self governing system has prompted the British to reassert Royal law.
The Five Colonies were also being taxed and they felt as if they weren't being treated as they would be if they were British citizens living in Britain. They demanded the taxes to be gone but were denied by the British government. This eventually escalated into a war.
Originally, it was considered that this new nation should be called the United States of South America, however the five colonies felt that they needed a new name that gives them their own Identity and not just copies off of Americans. Some colonials felt that South American was necessary for it was the name of their continent however, many felt that the name had already been taken and they needed to find a new one.
The Name "Columbia" was also given as an alternative to America when the thirteen colonies felt the need to establish their own identity different from that of their British cousins. A ship named Columbia was constructed in 1773 and became famous for its exploits. However America was more favorable and it officially declared themselves as the United States of America. With this, the politicians from the five colonies secretly journied to the United States of America to seek permission to use the alternative name for their identity. In the first US international meeting of September, 1776, the Five colonies governor named Thomas Wellimngton told the US congress that they too wanted independence and that the Five colonies wanted to adopt the alternative name to America, Columbia. It was also here that Columbia would be called "America's sister." The US congress granted them permission to use the name, and with this Thomas Wellimngton and his group of forefathers returned to the five colonies, and easily gathered support for their cause.
On June 7, 1777, almost a year after the American Declaration of independence, the Newly formed United States of Columbia declared its own Independence and Sided with the Americans. Their adopted their own declaration of independence based on the idea that all men are created equal and will have inalienated rights that Great Britain wasn't protecting, and that the five colonies were an independent state and have no alligeance with the British crown. June 7th and July 4th are celebrated annually by both countries.
Following their defeat at Yorktown, the Kingdom of Great Britain recognized the United States of America and the United States of Columbia. American sovereignty was recognized from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi river. Whilst Columbian Sovereignty was recognized from the northern Caribbean coast to what is now New Spain.
The Nationalist led the Britannian convention of 1787 in the writing of the Columbian Constitution, which was ratified the following year. The USC government followed their American counterparts footsteps in splitting the Government into three branches on the concept of creating their own checks and balances. William Lexington, the George Washington equivalent was elected as the first president of the United States of Columbia via this new government system. The "Amendments of the People's Rights" forbidding federal restrictions of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a variety of legal rights, was adopted at the same year as America's bill of rights.
Columbian's eagerness to expand southward prompted a series of Amazonian wars. The Brazilian purchase of Portugal claimed territory in 1805 more than doubled the nation's size. The War of 1812 declared by the United States of America against Britain also contributed to Columbia's expansion south. After America declared war on Britain, Columbians felt obligated to fight alongside their ally once more against British aggression. The war also strengthen American and Columbian nationalism. The war also caused Britain to cede their remaining territory to Columbians. A Series of Columbian military incursion into Chile led Spain to cede it to Columbia in 1820. Like the American counterpart, the steam power increased the speed of the expansion, with steamboats traveling through Columbia's large rivers, then the faster railroads stretched across the nation's lands.
Columbia Annexed Argentina in 1835, and then the Federal Republic of Central America in 1838. Portugal then ceded Uruguay and Cape Horn ten years later, completing its mainland expansion. Argentina was rich with gold as was Brazil and Britannia. This discovery spurred southern migration, and migration to Columbia in total, same with the California Gold Rush in America, increasing the populations of both nations.
American Civil War and Reconstruction
Columbia was fighting for a divided America this time. Due to Columbia's relations towards the United States of America, Columbia obviously fought for the Union. When the war started, it was at first in the Union's favor, however Abraham Lincoln and his Columbian Ally president Franklin Underhill brought about a second war, the war to end slavery, though this was more of a political war.
As the Confederate states was Invading the Union, the United States of Columbia planned and launched an invasion of Florida, which was part of the confederacy at the time, to relive Union suffering from the northern part. This also marked the first and only time Columbia has issued an invasion of her sister nation's land. Columbian victory in Florida, and Robert E Lee's defeat at Gettysburg was a tremendous blow for the confederacy, their invasion of the north had failed and they had lost a state to the American/Columbian coalition.
The war came to an end with the fall of the confederacy, and the abolition of slavery. The war still remains the deadliest conflict in American military history resulting in the deaths of 618,000 Union soldiers, and the deaths of 216,000 Columbian soldiers.
Following the Union victory three amendments to the American Constitution brought about the prohibition of slavery, granted African Americans citizenship and promised them voting rights The War also brought about new amendments in Columbia fully outlawing slavery, and granting almost three million African Columbians citizenship.
The war also demonstrated Columbian military power in the late 19th century, and have achieved technological advances they were researching alongside the Union. During the reconstruction era, Columbia supported America in their reintegrating and rebuilding the southern states. Columbia withdrew their troops from Florida and made way for the Union.
In both coutries, Urbanization and an increase of immigrants from Europe, and Asia had supplied a surplus of labor for both nations industrialization and transformed their culture. In Columbia, as well as America, the transcontinental railroad and the telegraph spurred economic growth, and greater development of settlements in the Southern part of the country. The invention of the electric light, and the telephone in America also translated to Columbia and forever changed urban life in both nations forever.
The end of the Amazonian wars also brought about the expansion of acreage under mechanical cultivation thus increasing international market. Columbian presence expanded towards the Caribbean islands when the United States of Columbia bought Lesser Antilles islands from their respected owners at the same time for almost $10 million in 1868, almost a year after the Alaska Purchase. The nation also bought the Falkland islands from Britain. During the Spanish American war, Spain ceded Puerto rico and whatever was left of its empire in the Caribbean to both nations, and that same year, the United States of Columbia Annexed Haiti and the Dominican Republic and renamed established the state of Hispaniola whilst the United States of America bought Jamaica and the Bahamas from Britain for $5.2 million, and Spain ceded the Philippines and Cuba to the United States of America, thus ending the Spanish empire. America and Columbia split the Philippines islands 50/50.
Rapid economic development in both nations during the late 19th century produced many industrialist, and both nations economies became the largest in the world. Dramatic changes brought about social unrest, and the rise of populist, socialist, and anarchist movements. The period eventually ended with the emergence of the Progressive Era in both nations with the goal of ending corruption in both governments. The progressive era also saw many reforms in societal areas, including women's voting rights, regulation of consumer goods, and greater anti-trust measures to ensure competition and greater attention to worker conditions.
World War I and Great Depression
Columbia along with its northern ally remained neutral from the outbreak of World War 1, to 1917 when it joined the war along side its northern counterpart as an "associated ally" helping turn the tide against the central powers. In 1919 American president Woodrow Wilson and Columbian President Victor Preston strongly advocated that the USA and USC join the league of nations. The senate refused to approve this and didn't ratify the treaty of Versailles that established the league of nations.
The 1920s saw the rise of radio and mass communication, suddenly the whole of Columbia could hear the sound of music like never before. The roaring 20s also saw the invention of early television. Whilst America established a prohibition on Alcohol, Columbia never passed an amendment that prohibit the drink, for they felt it would corrupt the country once more by trying to take away people's right to drink. Nevertheless, the economy of Columbia boomed alongside its northern counterpart. The Columbian military also started advancing in technologies, and new innovations such as the introduction of the more versatile Monoplanes. The Columbian Navy was also starting to contribute more to the new style of naval warfare, the aircraft carrier, however the Naval department still retained favor in the Battleship, and were planning on building a new class of giant battleships as well. The Columbian military was also keen on testing a new type of flying machine, the helicopter, though they are still premature concepts. The Columbians also shared this technology with the Americans as well, this also included the Missiles. The Prosperity of the roaring 20s ended with the wall street crash of 29, which contributed to a world wide great depression.
World War IIColumbia had sworn in a new president in the year before the outbreak of World War II. The first female president of Columbia and of any nation in the world President Christina Holloway. She was supported By American President Franklin Roosevelt, and she shared his opinion in helping the allies fight the war, but Columbia and America wanted to remain neutral. At the star of World war II they remained exactly that, however they supplied the allies as they were fighting, however when France fell, the only ally they had left was Britain and their supplies were by this time only partially arriving at their destination. However, the Japanese attacked the American/Columbian combined forces in Pearl Harbor, prompting them to join the allies in the war against the axis. Columbia was one of the nations referred to as the "Five Policemen" of allies who met to plan the post-war world, along with Britain, America, China, and the Soviet Union. Though the nation lost more than 400,000 soldiers, it emerged relatively undamaged from the war with even greater military and economic influence. Before, during, and after the war, the Columbians have invented, researched and innovated a vast number of military technological advancement, also working with the Americans to help research their technology. Their military invention and innovation like the helicopter, the cruse missile, the rockets, the jet planes, radios, tanks so much more, put the American and Columbian militairies at least a decade and a half to two decades ahead of all the militaries of the entire world combined.
Allied Conference in Bretton Wood and Yalta outlined a new system of international organization that Placed the United States of America, the United States of Columbia, and the Soviet Union at the center of world affairs. As an allied victory was won in Europe, a 1945 international congress was held in San Francisco, California had produced the United Nations Charter which became active after the war. The United States of Columbia was the second Nation after America, to procure nuclear weapons, and used one of them on Japan. Japan quickly surrendered to the allies. This truly marked the end of the second world war, and the beginning of the nuclear age. The United States of Columbia had emerged a superpower and sided with America to contain the spread of Communism by the Soviet Union.
After world war two, America, Columbia, and the Soviet Union Jockeyed for power. All countries sought to spread their influence. America and Columbia had the same ideology, Capitalism, whilst the Soviet Union had Communism. They dominated military affairs in Europe with America, Columbia and their NATO allies on one side, and the Soviet Union and its WARSAW PACT on the other. America developed a policy of containment towards the expansion of Communist influence. While the Americans and Columbians engaged the Soviet Union in Proxy wars, the three countries avoided direct contact.
The Americans often opposed third world movements that saw them as Soviet sponsored, however the Columbians saw this as a good opportunity to get the some of them on their side. Columbia has was able to get some of the African countries to support America and Columbia, and even managed to get all of Central America and Mexico on western side by helping rebuild their infrastructure and bringing the countries up to date. Most dictators are replaced with democratically elected presidents, whereas pro-American/Columbian revolutionaries in African were supported by the Columbians. Most countries overthrow their dictators and are replaced with democratically elected presidents and supported capitalism.
In the Chinese civil war, the Columbians provided the Republic of China with an unlimited number of supplies to aid them in the fight against the Communist Party and their people's liberation army. Whilst the National Revolutionary Army was gaining unlimited Columbian support of tanks, advanced guns, planes, ships, artillery, the Communist "People's Liberation Army" was getting no support from the Soviets. They felt as if they were doing it alone. The ROC was also getting unlimited economic support from the Columbians, meaning that the ROC was gaining support of its people, whilst the Communist were losing support. While the National Revolutionary army was getting more and more military and economic support from the west, the People's Liberation Army was still limited in their resources and weren't getting support from the Russians. Soon America started supporting the ROC, and with this the ROC quickly reign supreme and defeated the Communists. Mao Zedong was captured, put to trial for war crimes, and executed. China remained capitalists, democratic, and increased their support for the Americans and Columbians and has allowed for their military to be stationed around China in the fight to contain Communism.
The Americans and Columbians did fight the Communist North Koreans in the Korean War of 1950-51 with Communist North Korea falling, uniting the entire Korean peninsula in one Republic of Korea, and gains strong economic support from the west, but at a high cost, over two million Koreans from both sides were killed in the war. The United States of Columbia launched the world's first satellite named "Liberty" and shocks the world. The Americans launched their satellite named "Freedom" whilst the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, thus launching the Space Race in which the United States of America became the first Nation to land a man on the Moon. The United States of Columbia became the second and last nation to land a man on the moon but the first to land a woman.
Both America and Columbia experienced a large economic boom and rapid growth of their population and their middle classes. Construction of the Interstate highway system in Columbia and America transformed their infrastructure over the years. Millions moved from farms and cities to the suburban housing developments. A growing Civil Rights movement used non violent confrontations to confront racial discrimination. Racial discrimination wasn't as strong as it was in America, there were still black congressmen in the government and blacks driving around cities, even in World War 2 a black colonel received the Columbian Star for his actions in the European theatre. Despite this there was still strong racism through the country against black and "colored folk." As Martin Luther King became a prominent leader in America, Calvin Harrison became one in Columbia, uniting Americans and Columbians. Court agreements and legislation culminating the civil rights activists sought to end racial discrimination.
In the 1980s, following the collapse of détente, both presidents Ronald Regan, and Ernest Willington abandoned the containment idea in favor of the more aggressive "rollback" strategy towards the USSR. The late 1980s brought a "thaw" in relations with the USSR, and its inevitable collapse in 1991 finally ended the Cold War. This soon brought about the Unipolarity, with the USA and the USC as the two remaining superpowers dominating world affairs.