|United States of Colombia|
Estados Unidos de ColombiaTimeline: Emancipation (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: United States of Colombia
Location of Colombia
(and largest city)
|De facto Languages||Spanish
68 Ethnic Languages
|Ethnic groups||86% Mestizo and White
|Government||Federal Republic Dominant-Party|
|-||President||Eustorgio Salgar Moreno|
|Currency||Columbian Peso (
The United States of Colombia was the name adopted in 1861 through the Rionegro Constitution for the Granadine Confederation, following years of civil war. Colombia became a federal state itself composed of nine "sovereign states".
The civil war between 1860-1862 resulted in the dissolution of the Granadine Confederation which had been increasingly subjected to efforts by conservatives to centralize rule over the federal states. The liberal leader, General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, defeated the conservative government of President Bartolomé Calvo in 1862 and was installed as new leader. Much power was distributed back to the states from the government in Bogotá.
On 3 February 1863, Congress approved the name United States of Colombia for the country, and on 8 May, the Rionegro Constitution was promulgated. It established a federal system with a central presidency with a term of two years and without the possibility of immediate re-election. The president was elected by the states. On 12 May, Mosquera was chosen to be the first president. Under this decentralized regime, regionalist feelings reached their ultimate expression.
Following the reforms of earlier years, before the creation of the new federation, the liberals aimed to build the United States of Colombia upon a decentralized, free market system. As with previous liberal presidencies, such as Mosquera's first two terms as president, a tough stance towards the Catholic Church was taken, much to the dismay of conservatives. Land held by the Church was seized and transferred to industrialists and the influence and rights of the Church was severely limited.
Throughout the later 1800s, Colombia exerted influence and established friendly relations with Venezuela and Ecuador mainly under Presidents Rey and Mallarino. The Colombian Liberal Party also became increasing radical and in favor of reunification due to its unionista leaders. The republic was re-established and unified with Ecuador on April 14, 1876 as the United States of Gran Colombia.
List of Presidents
Candidates for 1874: Francisco Bolivar Rey (Radical Liberal Unionista), Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera (Moderate Liberal), Santiago Pérez de Manosalbas (Radical Liberal).