The United States of America (also referred to as the United States, the U.S., the USA, the States, or America) is a federal constitutional republic comprising thirty-four states.
Pre-Second American Revolution
The United States comprises land of the former colonies of the United Kingdom, Spain, France, and Russia. Foreigners (primarily of western European and African extraction) constitute the vast majority of its population. The Indigenous people have been decimated through European colonization of their territory, and the concomitant warfare and disease. The United States was founded by thirteen British colonies located along the Atlantic seaboard. On July 4, 1776, they issued the Declaration of Independence, which proclaimed their right to self-determination and their establishment of a cooperative union. The rebellious states defeated the British Empire in the First American Revolution, the first successful colonial war of independence. The United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic with a strong central government. The Bill of Rights, comprising ten constitutional amendments guaranteeing many fundamental civil rights and freedoms, was ratified in 1791.
In the 19th century, the United States acquired land from France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Mexico, and Russia, and annexed the Republic of Texas and the Republic of Hawaii. Disputes between the agrarian South and industrial North over states' rights and the expansion of the institution of slavery provoked the American Civil War of the 1860s. The North's victory prevented a permanent split of the country and led to the end of legal slavery in the United States. Shortly thereafter, the United States was transformed into a one party state controlled by the Republican Party with the President at its head. By the 1870s, the national economy was the world's largest. The Spanish–American War confirmed the country's status as a military power. The horrors of World War I, however, eventually lead to the collapse of the United States and its transformation into the United Socialist States of America.
United Socialist States of America
- See main article: History of the United Socialist States of America
Restoration of the United States of America
The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the USSA left the Russian Empire as the sole world superpower. Meanwhile thirty-four of the former Socialist States reformed the United States under a democratic and capitalist constitution.