|E Pluribus Unum|
|Anthem:||The Star Spangled Banner|
United States with regional borders
Largest City: New York
|Official Language: None|
|National Language: English|
|Denonymns||American, North American|
Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic
|Area||9,540,000 sq mi|
|Currency||United States Dollar ($) (USD)|
1779 (Independence Granted)
1784 (Current Constituion)
The United States of America is a federal republic located on the continent of North America. The nation takes up the entirety of the continent. It has the third highest population and is the largest in area out of any other nation. The country takes in more immigrants than any other and has a reputation for being friendly toward foreigners.
The American Revolution
It started in the year 1775. The American colonists have revolted against the British after unfair taxation. However, the colonists have little hope in their cause. The Founding Fathers are skeptical as to how easy a victory would be. They decide to look to Canada for support.
The Canadians, after having already been involved in territory changes from the French and Indian War, weren’t too interested in the cause. They remained loyal and didn’t see an American victory likely. The Founding Fathers were not to give up so easily. They used propaganda and explained how their new government would allow representation from the people and that they wouldn’t need to worry about a monarch who has little to do with their interests. They offered to accept any terms the Canadians would like in the Constitution, which were minor things such as making French an official language. In 1776, the Canadian colonies joined the war and a Declaration of Independence had been signed by the united colonies that same year.
With greater opposition, the war looked favorable toward the colonists. The island of Bermuda was captured by the Americans and the Bahamas by the Spanish. With almost no control in North America, the British surrendered the colonies in 1779. The new nation was given British territory in the thirteen colonies, the Midwest, Canada, and Bermuda. Great Britain loses its interest in North America and eventually sells its territories in the Caribbean and Central America to the United States during the Napoleonic Wars.
The United States of America had officially gained independence. After the failed Articles of Confederation, a new Constitution was formed that still remains to this day. The government did, however, find some trouble governing itself.
Although French was an official language and was still widely spoken in Canada, most English speakers disliked how complicated it was to maintain a multilingual nation of this size. In order to battle this, propaganda and rumors appeared about Canada. Canada was described as a place full of wealth and prosperity where people were making their fortunes. Although this was false, many citizens in the South spent their life’s savings to move to Canada. They were stuck there and couldn’t afford to move back. This influx of immigrants soon took over the French population until they became a minority.
The French were treated poorly and were pressured into adopting the ways of the Anglo-Saxon Americans. By 1830, French was no longer an official language.
In 1803, the United States made the Louisiana Purchase from the French. This gave the country a large portion of the Midwest and began the idea of continentalism. This was the belief that America would eventually control the entire continent, and this later led to Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny was the same as continentalism, except it was more spiritual and encouraged. It wasn’t long before the US owned from coast to coast.
After gaining independence from Mexico, Texas joined the Union and became a state in 1845. This began the tensions between the US and its Southern neighbor. As believed by Manifest Destiny, most Americans desired to annex the country. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico and annexed it two years later. The northern Mexican territories, such as California, assimilated quickly due to a prior low population and an influx of prospectors. However, there was much resistance in the more heavily populated South. The people were enraged at how a country that prided itself on liberty was so reluctant to giving this liberty to all its people.
In the Southeast, many felt the same anger as the Mexicans. These people felt that their way of life was at risk as an anti-slavery sentiment grew. In 1861, these states, along with Texas and the Southern Mexican states, formed the Confederate States of America and the United States of Mexico. A civil war had begun.
The Civil War
The war is bloody and it seemed like a stalemate for much of its length. Some Americans started to question whether imperialism was worth this. Others, however, were sick of this mutiny. Americans who had moved to Mexico were met with support from California. Mexican villages and cities were burned and their people were slaughtered. The Californians set up new local governments in occupied areas and sentenced thousands to death who seemed suspicious of rebellion. The Mexicans were terrified and surrendered in 1867.
Now all that was left was the CSA. The Mexicans were eager to help in fear of what would happen if they appeared rebellious. In 1868, the country was once again united. There was even the additional territory of Alaska, which had been purchased from Russia.
Manifest Destiny and Imperialism
By this time, the United States was the envy of the world. It was massive in area and population. Industries were booming. Immigrants from all over the world were coming in boat loads to live a new life in this land of opportunity. Small colonial territories in the Caribbean had been purchased by the United States. All that was left of North America was Cuba, Haiti, Puerto Rico, and Central America. Manifest Destiny was as still as strong as ever and the United States was determined to take over the rest of the continent.
Although Central America was weak and seemed as if it would dissolve, the US had sought interest and assured that the nation would stay. US spies had altered relations of Haiti and Central America and made them form a tight alliance, mainly against the United States. The US declared war on Central America in 1872, with Haiti joining immediately. It didn’t take long to capture the nations, which were eventually annexed in 1875. In 1898, the United States and Spain provoked each other into war, which ended in a few months with an American victory. The US was given the Philippines, Guam, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. By 1900, the United States controlled all of North America, along with Hawaii, Pacific Islands, and the Philippines. It was an isolated superpower feared by the rest of the world.
The United States’ imperialism was tough to maintain. The natives were already civilized and were Western. Many were even Caucasian. In order to keep control of these states, the United States used its brilliant propaganda. Spanish was made an official language and the people of the Caribbean, Mexico, and Central America were given equal say in the government. However, the US planned to act just as they did with the Canadians. Rumors of left over Aztec and Mayan gold were said to have been discovered in Mexico and Central America. In the Caribbean, rumors spread of lost Spanish fleets shipwrecked and filled with gold. Immigrants from not only America, but from around the world travelled in search of these riches. Although some found the treasure they anticipated, most were stuck living in these new areas.
World War One
In 1914, Europe broke out into war. This event, involving so many nations and countless lives lost, was known at its time as The Great War, and would later be known as World War One. The Allies, which consisted mainly of The United Kingdom, France, Russia, and Italy, hoped to persuade the US into joining on their side of the war. Ever since the American Revolution, France had become a strong ally of the US. They loved the Anti-British sentiment, the role the French-Canadians were given in the government, and the ideas of democracy and republicanism, which the French would later adopt. Over time, the British and the Americans developed a strong relation also, with their common language and the USA’s strategic location.
Even though the United States had fine relations with these European powers, the country wanted to stay uninvolved. No one saw any benefit in joining a war that was being fought for no reason on another continent. Many immigrants were reluctant to fight against the people of their homeland. The United States remained neutral, although supplies and officers were sent to assist the Allies.
While American supply ships crossed the Atlantic, German submarines continually sank them in an effort to stop any support from being given to the Allies. This angered the Americans, and the government threatened Germany to stop. The Germans refused to agree on any terms. In 1917, undercover American police caught German spies holding a meeting with nationalists in Havana, Cuba. The Germans stated that if they were to rise against the United States, Germany would assist them. This was taken as an act of war and the United States declared war on Germany shortly after.
After the Americans joined, the war went by swiftly. By early 1918, the allies had been victorious. Following the war came a decade of American prosperity. Industry was booming, stock prices rose, and the people felt free and happy. With the average American making more money than before, luxurious resorts started to appear all over the Caribbean and Central America. The sugar industry was growing in that area and many wealthy Northerners moved south to establish plantations.
The Great Depression and World War Two
All was looking good, until the stock market crash of 1929. The crash hit the United States hard, but South America suffered even worse. Colombians came across the border into Panama and Venezuelans went in boats toward islands such as Aruba and Curacao. Many Americans lost their jobs to the immigrants and urged the government to do something. The coast guard stayed on high alert in the Dutch islands, making sure to catch any rafts. A wall was built on the Panama border to stop anyone from crossing it.
During this same time period, the Nazi Party had gained power in Germany. They had the intention of creating an elite society that would dominate the Western world. Similar ideas were popular in Japan. The country these two powers hated the most was the United States. It was the largest in country in area and had people who were overall united. In 1939, Germany invaded Poland. It went on to take over France and attack Russia and the United Kingdom. Britain was a loss, and the Soviet Union pushed back Germany. Meanwhile, Japan had attacked Hawaii, bringing the United States into the war. Areas of China and Pacific islands were controlled by the Japanese Empire. The United States, with its high population, had plenty of soldiers and brought the war to an end quickly. The US had threatened the Japanese to surrender or face consequences of unknown proportions, but this plan was abandoned with the surplus of troops needed for an invasion of Japan. To this day, no one knows what this was the US was referring to. The war officially ended in 1944.
Although the Japanese and the Nazis had been taken care of, there was still the problem of the Soviet Union. During WWI, the Russian Tsar was overthrown and replaced with a communist regime, bringing them out of the war. The Soviet Union was formed and they sought to spread communism and take over the world. The United States warned the Soviet Union to back off. However, they did not listen and took over Poland in 1946. Allied with Chinese communists, World War Three officially began.
World War Three
The Polish, allied with the new German Republic, invaded fought off the Russians to the best of their ability. The United States, infamous for its propaganda, tried to instigate a rebellion against the Communists in Russia. Aid was also given to the Chinese Nationalists. The Chinese Civil War was short lived, as the Americans and Japanese invaded China. A new government was set up that followed a republic. Countries like Tibet were given independence and a similar government.
The United States had also invaded the Soviet Union through Alaska. Siberian towns were taken over quickly and the Americans were nearing European Russia. The journey was tough for the Americans with the bitter cold, but they had faith and were fighting for a worthy cause. The Chinese allies assisted with the invasion, along with Nationalist rebels in the Soviet Union seeking independence for their nation and rebels for democracy. The Communist regime weakened and in 1950, World War Three was over.
The United States had officially spread democracy throughout the civilized world. Americans had been learning of the horrors of Socialism, from Hitler to Stalin, for more than a decade. Things like the Holocaust and the Red Police had been exposed to the public. Americans became grateful for their government of democracy and capitalism, and made sure that nobody dared consider any form of socialism, whether fascism or communism.
Many groups tried to bring the government into socialism. There were the Panama City riots of 1964, and the Toronto riots of 1977. In 1980, after such pressure from the socialists, the United States started Project Utopia, of which the name is sarcastic. A plantation of land about the size of Connecticut in the Mexican desert was set as a dominion of the United States. Social party leaders decided the form of government and encouraged fellow socialists to move there. It was known as the Socialist State of North America. The population was originally 75, 000. After a few months, the government had to close the border in order to stop people from fleeing. Food was scarce and many were starving. The United States helped to supply the people with food. After two years, the project was considered a failure and the dominion was again controlled by the US. At the end of its time, the Socialist State had a population of 20,000. Socialism lost most of its popularity after this failure.
The United States is known for its acceptance of foreigners and its diversity.
Popular American sports include football, baseball, basketball, and ice hockey. Although not American, soccer is another popular sport. Modern-day lacrosse is a variation of a sport which was played by some American Indians.
Most American movies are made in Hollywood, a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California. It is known as the Entertainment Capital of the World. The American film industry is larger than that of any other nation.
Popular music in America varies throughout different regions, although pop and country are seen throughout most areas. Music such as hip-hop, rap, jazz, R&B, soul, and rock and roll are influenced by the African American population. Music such as bluegrass and country originated in the American south. Mariachi, salsa, tropical, and reggae music are popular in the Caribbean, Mexico, and Central America.
Popular American food includes hamburgers, hot-dogs, french fries, tacos, burritos, fried food, turkey, and pizza. Many of these are variations of food inspired by immigrants.
Flag, Regions, and States
The United States flag has gone through many changes. Originally, the flag had thirteen stripes representing the thirteen colonies and the Union Jack. The Union Jack was later replaced with a star for each state. However, with the growing number of states which eventually reached 108, each star instead represented a region.
Regions and States
The United States consists of 23 regions and 108 states. Some areas are both states and regions. Below is a list of regions in the order the US acquired them and their states.
- Baja California
- Baja California Sur
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
- Nova Scotia
- New Brunswick
- British Columbia
- Prince Edward Island
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Santo Domingo
- Mexico City
- Nuevo León
- Quintana Roo
- San Luis Potosí
- El Salvador
- Costa Rica
- Puerto Rico
The United States law requires an area to have at least a population of 230,000 in order to become a state. Below are some territories that are not yet considered states.
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Caribbean Netherlands
- Cayman Islands
- Saint Barthélemy
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Martin
- Saint Pierre and Miquelon
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Sint Maarten
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- Virgin Islands