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United States of America (Columbus Sails for England)

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United States of America
Timeline: timeline

OTL equivalent: USA as far west as the Mississippi & Missouri Rivers and including the OTL Canadian Maritime Provinces except Newfoundland
USA-C4E
Flag of USA
Capital Manhattan
Largest city Chicago
Other cities Philadelphia,
Language
  official
 
English
  others French (in the southwest), Vinlander (in the northeast)
President Joe Biden
Area 3402536.74 km²
Population 209996000 
Independence 1776
Currency US Dollar

By and large, the history of the United States of America proceeded as we know it OTL. But there are some significant differences.

Colonization & Contact

Discovery & Settlement

In 1492, Christopher Columbus, sailing under the English flag, led his three ships (the Prince Arthur, the Cornwall, and the Tudor Rose) on a voyage of discovery across the Atlantic Ocean. In October of that year, after having been blown southerly off of their generally westward course by storms, the fleet made landfall near what is now the site of Atlantic City, New Jersey.

Columbus claimed the land, and named it New England. While the crew of the flagship (the Tudor Rose) remained to scout the area, and make contact with any locals, the other ships voyaged up and down the coast, to see what they could find. The Prince Arthur, voyaging north, rounded Montauk Point on the eastern end of Long Island, and entered Long Island Sound, where they surveyed the southern coasts of what would become Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. The Cornwall, going south, rounded Cape May, and entered the Delaware Bay, exploring the east shore of the Delmarva peninsula. In all three cases, contact was made: Columbus and the Tudor Rose's crew encountered the Lenapi, the northern group the Pequot, and the southern group found the Delaware Indians. In all three cases, the contacts were peaceful.

Leaving behind half of his crew, Columbus returned to England to report the discovery and find out how King Henry VII wanted to proceed. The folks who remained behind founded the settlement of Elizabethtown, which they named in honour of Henry's queen, Elizabeth of York. King Henry was pleased with Columbus' discovery, and returned him to the new world, naming him Baron, and Governor of New England. Columbus' ships were re-fit, and returned to Elizabethtown, this time carrying families to settle in the "New World". Henry called for the outfitting of additional ships, and encouraged families to migrate to the new world. Since, unlike in OTL, there was no religious pressure driving folks to colonize, the crown offered grants of land to anyone (noble or common) who made the voyage.

By 1500, six settlements had been planted in the New England Colony (which encompassed OTL New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia). In 1501, Henry authorized the creation of two more colonies: New Cymru (OTL North & South Carolina and Georgia) and Nova Scotia (OTL New England, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia). When Henry VII passed away in 1509, the New World colonies had a combined population of more than 25 thousand.

Contact

The English colonists made contact early on with the natives. And while there were some early skirmishes (mostly caused because the natives couldn't understand the concept of owning land), by and large, relations were peaceful and cooperative. Two years following the establishment of Elizabethtown, a virulent illness swept through the native population. The colonists, worried that whatever the illness was might spread to their own population, provided medical assistance to the natives. As a result, a great many deaths were averted, and a large amount of mutual trust was established between the settlers and the natives.

In 1496, an English exploratory ship entered the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and encountered ships from Vinland and Markland. Shocked at first to discover that not only were they not the first Europeans to settle the new world, but that the Norse/Iclandic settlements had existed for several centuries, the English quickly moved to determine who had jurisdiction over what territories. A treaty was signed in 1506 between King Henry VII of England, and King Christian I of Norway, which set the boundaries: Everything south of the St. Lawrence would be English, everything north, including Vinland (OTL Newfoundland) would be Norwegian/Icelandic.

Expansion & Conflict

Independence

Civil War

The States

Name Date of Statehood Capital Compared to OTL
1 Delaware December 7, 1787 Dover Includes OTL Maryland east of the Chespeake Bay and Virginia on the Delmarva Peninsula
2 Pennsylvania December 12, 1787 Harrisburg Includes OTL Maryland west of the Chespeake Bay
3 New Jersey December 18, 1787 Trenton Elizabethtown (OTL Atlantic City) is oldest European settlement in USA
4 Georgia January 2, 1788 Atlanta
5 Connecticut January 9, 1788 Hartford Includes OTL New York east of the Hudson River, and includes Long Island
6 Massachusetts February 6, 1788 Boston Includes OTL New York east of the Hudson River
7 South Carolina May 23, 1788 Columbia
8 Nova Scotia June 5, 1778 New Glasgow Includes OTL Prince Edward Island
9 New Hampshire June 21, 1788 Concord Extends up to OTL St. Lawrence
10 Virginia June 25, 1788 Richmond
11 Maine July 3, 1788 Augusta Extends to OTL St. Lawrence
12 New York July 26, 1788 Albany Extends up to OTL St. Lawrence, minus Manhattan, Long Island, and land east of the Hudson River
13 North Carolina November 21, 1789 Raleigh
14 New Brunswick December 18, 1789 Fredericton OTL Canadian province plus OTL Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec
15 Vermont March 4, 1791 Montpelier Extends up to OTL St. Lawrence, includes OTL New York east of the Hudson
16 Kentucky June 1, 1792 Frankfort
17 Tennessee June 1, 1796 Nashville
18 Ohio March 1, 1803 Columbus
19 Indiana December 11, 1816 Indianapolis
20 Mississippi December 10, 1817 Jackson Includes territory of OTL Louisiana east of the Mississippi River
21 Illinois December 3, 1818 Springfield
22 Alabama December 14, 1819 Montgomery Includes OTL Florida Panhandle
23 Florida February 6, 1820 Tampa Bay Florida Minus the OTL Panhandle.
24 Michigan January 26, 1837 Lansing Does not include the OTL "upper peninsula"
25 Cuba May 6, 1841 Habana Acquired from England after War of 1812
26 Wisconsin May 29, 1848 Madison Includes OTL Michigan's "upper peninsula"
27 Iowa December 28, 1850 Fort Allen (OTL Des Moines) Includes OTL Iowa and northern half of OTL Missouri
28 Minnesota May 11, 1858 Minneapolis
29 West Virginia June 20, 1863 Charleston
30 Jefferson September 21, 1867 Sioux Falls OTL eastern halves of North & South Dakota
31 Bahama December 8, 1880 Nassau Includes OTL Turks and Caicos. Originally part of Florida and Cuba

Presidents of the USA

Name Party Home State Term Notes
George Washington None Virginia 1789-1797
John Adams Federalist Massachusetts 1797-1801
Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican Virginia 1801-1809
James Madison Democratic Republican Virginia 1809-1817
James Monroe Democratic-Republican Virginia 1817-1825
John Quincey Adams Whig Massachusetts 1825-1829
Andrew Jackson Democrat South Carolina 1829-1837
Martin Van Buren Free Soil New York 1837-1841
William Henry Harrison Whig Virginia 1871-1841 Died in office of pneumonia
John Tyler Whig, then Democrat Virginia 1841-1845
James K Polk Democrat North Carolina 1845-1849
Zachary Taylor Whig Virginia 1849-4850 Died in office of a stomach ailment
Millard Fillmore Whig New York 1850-1853 Last President who was neither a Democrat nor Republican
Franklin Pierce Democrat New Hampshire 1853-1857
James Buchanan Democrat Pennsylvania 1857-1861
Abraham Lincoln Whig, then Republican, then National Union Kentucky 1861-1865 First President to be assassinated
Andrew Johnson Democrat North Carolina 1865-1869 Impeached, but acquitted by one vote
Ulysses S Grant Republican Ohio 1869-1877
Rutherford B Hayes Republican Ohio 1877-1881
James Garfield Republican Ohio 1881-1881 Assassinated: shot twice from behind
Chester A Arthur Republican Vermont 1881-1885
Grover Cleveland Democrat New Jersey 1885-1869
Benjamin Harrison Republican Ohio 1889-1893
Grover Cleveland (returned) Democrat New Jersey 1893-1897 First President to serve non-consecutive terms
William McKinley Republican Ohio 1897-1901 Died from sepsis caused by a failed assassination
Theodore Roosevelt Republican, then Progressive New York 1901-1909
William Howard Taft Republican Ohio 1909-1913
Woodrow Wilson Democrat Virginia 1913-1921
Warren G Harding Republican Ohio 1921-1923 Death in office may have been a poisoning
Calvin Coolidge Republican Vermont 1923-1929
Herbert Hoover Republican Iowa 1929-1933
Franklin D Roosevelt Democrat New York 1933-1945 Died in office of a stroke. Only President to serve more than two consecutive terms
Henry A Wallace Democrat Iowa 1945-1953 Replaced OTL Harry Truman who was from Missouri, which doesn't exist
Matthew Ridgeway Republican Virginia 1953-1961 Replaced OTL Dwight Eisenhower, who was from Texas, which doesn't exist
John F Kennedy Democrat Massachusetts 1961-1963 Assassinated while on a state visit to Louisiana
David Dean Rusk Democrat Georgia 1963-1969 Replaced OTL Lyndon Johnson, who was from Texas, which doesn't exist
Spiro Agnew Republican Maryland 1969-1977 Replaced OTL Richard Nixon, from California, and OTL Gerald Ford, from Nebraska, neither of which exist
Jimmy Carter Democrat Georgia 1977-1981
Ronald Reagan Illinois Republican 1981-1989 Sure, we all know him as OTL Governor of California. But he was born in Illinois. Never became an actor.
George H. W. Bush Massachusetts Republican 1989-1993
Michaal Dukakis Massachusetts Democrat 1993-2001 Replaced OTL Bill Clinton, who was from Arkansas, which doesn't exist
George W. Bush Connecticut Republican 2001-2009
Joe Biden Delaware Democrat 2009-2017 Replaced Barack Obama, who was born in Hawaii, which is an independent nation.
TBD TBD TBD 2017-?

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