Alternate History

United States general election, 1793 (Madison)

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<1789 United States Assembly, 1793 1797>
John Adams Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800


John Adams Thomas Jefferson
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Seats 39 30
Seat Change +2 +2
Votes 121,867 101,544
Percentage 50.11% 41.75%
% change -0.56% +2.5%

E.M. before:

George Washington

E.M. after:

John Adams

The United States' General election of 1793 saw much more partisanship than did the previous one, largely due to the fact that the popular war hero George Washington, was term-limited and could not bridge the gaps between the two parties.  Both parties made slight gains, and the balance of power between them changed little, save in the Senate, where the Democratic-Republican gained the majority.

The Federalists rallied behind John Adams for E.M., rather than Hamilton, because Hamilton had little personal popularity.  

Thomas Jefferson, meanwhile reorganized the Anti-Federalists, until now a very informal grouping of opponents of the new government, into the Democratic-Republican party.

Senate election

Half of the Senate was carried over from the last election (senators serve eight year terms), and the other half was elected this year by relevant state delegations.  The Democratic-Republicans gained the upper hand in the Senate by a very slim margin.

Party Seats before Carried Over Elected This Year Change Total
Democratic-Republican 13 6 10 +3 16
Federalist 15 8 6 -1 14
Total 28 14 16 +2 30

Executive Magistrate

Fifty votes out of the ninety-nine members of Congress were required for a candidate to be elected E.M. John Adams was elected executive magistrate by a vote of 53 to 46 over Thomas Jefferson.

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