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United States presidential election, 1992
November 3, 1992
Harkin Al Gore, Vice President of the United States, official portrait 1994 Kemp126
Nominee Tom Harkin Al Gore Jack Kemp
Party Socialist Progressive Conservative
Home state Iowa Tennessee New York
Running mate Bill Clinton Dick Gephardt Lamar Alexander
Electoral vote 258 38 135
Popular vote 59,109,713 17,499,219 11,298,112
Percentage 58.6 23.3 18.1
The United States presidential election, 1992, was a democratic election held in 1992 to decide the next president of the United States. Incubent Conservative Jack Kemp of New York was challenged by Socialist Tom Harkin of Iowa and Progressive Al Gore of Tennessee.

Jack Kemp was almost impeached, had many members of his cabinet resign (including his Vice President, Alexander Haig), and created an international scandal when he authorized a full-scale military invasion of the Republic of the Pacific, one of the United States' two new breakaway republics. Many international leaders decried the invasion, and it boosted the Socialists and Progressives in the polls. It was the first time in years that the Progressives put forth their own candidate, as they usually just endorsed Socialist candidates. Kemp was immensley unpopular entering the election, and many had projections of Harkin beating him by a large margain.

Tom Harkin, Senator of Iowa, won the Socialists nomination. Many believed whoever won the Socialist nomination would go on to beat Kemp, no matter who he was, due to his massive unpopularity. Harkin chose Arkansas governor Bill Clinton as his Vice President, a strong opponent in the Socialist primaries. The Moderate Party endorsed Harkin for president.

The Progressives, who normally ran on the coattails of Socialists in presidential elections, made a rare move by putting forth it's own candidate, Senator Al Gore of Tennessee. Gore chose representative Dick Gephardt of Missouri to be his running mate. Kemp won more electoral votes than Gore, but Gore won more votes in the popular vote.

Kemp was the first incumbent president to come in third in the popular vote of a presidential election in the modern election era.

Gore's running mate, Dick Gephardt, was also Socialist Mario Cuomo's running mate in 1988.


Socialist Party

The Socialists were hoping to capitalize on the abhoration of the American public to Jack Kemp in 1992.

Senator Tom Harkin, Iowa

Governor Bill Clinton, Arkansas

Governor Mario Cuomo, New York

Senator Carol Moseley Braun, Illinois

Former Senator Gary Hart, Colorado

The Moderates endorsed the Socialist's candidates. Harkin absolutely destroyed the other candidates, and easily won the Socialists' nomination.

Progressive Party

The Progressives normally just endorsed the Socialist candidates for president, as stated before.

Senator Al Gore, Tennessee

Representative Dick Gephardt, Missouri

Senator Bob Kerrey, Nebraska

Lyndon LaRouche, Virginia

It was an easy primary victory for Gore, as his only real competition came from the weak Bob Kerrey. Incarcerated radical Lyndon LaRouche received no delegates.

Conservative Party

Jack Kemp faced a stiff primary challenge from Ronald Reagan, and many Conservatives marooned the party for other fourth parties.

President Jack Kemp, New York

Vice President Lamar Alexander, Tennessee

Ronald Reagan, California

Pat Buchanan, Virginia

Jack Kemp was defeated in several primaries by Reagan, but still was able to get the Conservative's nomination. He was massively unpopular, however.


Tom Harkin won in a landslide, as there only close states were between him and Al Gore. Kemp was able to narrowly win a few states to give him more electoral votes than Gore, but Gore won more votes. Kemp is generally seen as one of the worst presidents in history.