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United States Presidential Election, 1837 (Federation of Nations)

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The United States United States of 1837 saw the Republicans continue in their control of the White House, thanks in part to President William Henry Harrison's popularity.

Nominations

Republican party nomination

Republican candidates

  • Henry Clay, U.S. Senator from Kentucky
  • Daniel Webster, U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
  • Hugh Lawson White, U.S. Vice President from Tennessee

The Republicans were divided over who to choose as their candidate. When they meet in New York City, Webster was the choice of the northern delegates while Clay took the upper south and the west, White was supported by the lower south. In the balloting, Webster and Clay fought for several ballots before John Tyler got the Virginia delegation to switch from Clay to Webster which led to Webster's nomination on the next ballot. Tyler was nominated for vice president to appeal to the south and the supporters of White and Clay.

Convention vote

Presidential ballot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Vice-presidential ballot 1
Henry Clay 137 141 139 136 138 135 116 74 John Tyler 305
Daniel Webster 118 121 125 129 130 134 157 209 Abstaining 23
Hugh Lawson White 73 66 64 63 60 59 55 45

Democrat party nomination

Democrat candidates

  • Thomas Hart Benton, U.S. Senator from Missouri
  • James Buchanan, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
  • Lewis Cass, U.S. Senator from Michigan
  • Robert J. Walker, U.S. Senator from Mississippi
  • William L. Marcy, U.S. Senator from New York

The Democrats meet in Baltimore, Maryland. Benton was choice of the western delegates, while Walker was supported by the south and Buchanan by the north-east, Cass and Marcy had little support outside their home-states. Benton won support from Southern and Western delegates and won the nomination on the 10th. ballot. Congressman James K. Polk was nominated for vice-president.

Convention vote

Presidential ballot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Vice-presidential ballot 1
Thomas Hart Benton 132 156 172 173 176 167 165 177 210 271 James K. Polk 324
Robert J. Walker 82 79 85 78 80 90 92 94 71 17 Abstaining 7
James Buchanan 57 62 63 71 65 59 64 49 35 33
William L. Marcy 36 28 4 3 2 7 3 4 6 3
Lewis Cass 18 2 1 2 3 4 2 4 5 2
others 6 4 5 4 5 4 5 3 4 5

General election

Webster played off Harrison popularity and was the front-runner with support in both the north and the south. Benton on the other hand, had opponents in both the north and the south and his failure to pick a northern running mate did not help him in states likes New York and Pennsylvania. Webster won a solid victory with the Repulicans keeping the House and Democrats keeping control of the Senate.

Results

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral vote Running mate Running mate's home state Running mate's electoral vote
Daniel Webster Republican Massachusetts 900,838(52.0%) 228 John Tyler Virginia 228
Thomas Hart Benton Democrat Missouri 821,734 (47.5%) 103 James K. Polk Tennessee 103
Others - - 8,065 (0.5%) 0 - - 0
Total - - 1,730,637 (100.0%) 331 - - 331

See also

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