Alternate History

United States Presidential Election, 1828 (Federation of Nations)

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The 1828 U.S. Presidential Election saw the emergence of a two-party nation for the first time in more than ten years.


Democrat party nomination

Democrat candidates

  • John C. Calhoun, Vice President of the United States from South Carolina

With the support of President Jackson, Calhoun won the Democrat nomination. Prime Minister Martin Van Buren was nominatred for vice president.

Republican party nomination

Republican candidates

  • Richard Rush, former U.S. Secretary of State from Pennsylvania

With John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay not running, the Republicans chose Rush for president. Former U.S. Attorney General William Wirt was nominated for VP.

General election

Calhoun ran on a strict constitutional platform, while Rush ran on a more progressive platform, calling for internal improvments and the like.


In the end, it was New York (Van Buren's home state) that gave the election and the presidency to Calhoun. Some southern electors refushed to vote for Van Buren and cast their votes for South Carolina Senator William Smith.

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral vote Running mate Running mate's home state Running mate's electoral vote
John Caldwell Calhoun Democrat South Carolina 662,035 (51.0%) 156 Martin Van Buren New York 156
Richard Rush Republican Pennsylvania 630,950 (48.6%) 125 William Wirt Maryland 125
Others - - 5,123 (0.4%) 0 - - -
Total - - 1,298,108 (100.0%) 281 - - 281

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