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The 1828 U.S. Presidential Election saw the emergence of a two-party nation for the first time in more than ten years.
Democrat party nomination
- John C. Calhoun, Vice President of the United States from South Carolina
With the support of President Jackson, Calhoun won the Democrat nomination. Prime Minister Martin Van Buren was nominatred for vice president.
Republican party nomination
- Richard Rush, former U.S. Secretary of State from Pennsylvania
With John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay not running, the Republicans chose Rush for president. Former U.S. Attorney General William Wirt was nominated for VP.
Calhoun ran on a strict constitutional platform, while Rush ran on a more progressive platform, calling for internal improvments and the like.
In the end, it was New York (Van Buren's home state) that gave the election and the presidency to Calhoun. Some southern electors refushed to vote for Van Buren and cast their votes for South Carolina Senator William Smith.
|Presidential candidate||Party||Home state||Popular vote||Electoral vote||Running mate||Running mate's home state||Running mate's electoral vote|
|John Caldwell Calhoun||Democrat||South Carolina||662,035 (51.0%)||156||Martin Van Buren||New York||156|
|Richard Rush||Republican||Pennsylvania||630,950 (48.6%)||125||William Wirt||Maryland||125|