The 1816 United States Presidential Election was the first election held under the Thirteenth Amendment which limited U.S. presidents to one consecutive term. In This election Democratic-Republican James Monroe defeated Federalist Rufus King.
Democratic-Republican party nomination
- William Harris Crawford, U.S. Secretary of War from Georgia
- James Monroe, U.S. Prime minister from Virginia
- Daniel D. Tompkins, Governor of New York
Monroe was seen as the front-runner, however, Crawford proved a more formidable challenge than expected and it took Monroe two ballots to secure victory. Tompkins was nominated for vice president over Pennsylvania Governor Simon Snyder.
1816 Democratic-Republican Caucus
|Presidential ballot||1||2||Vice-presidential ballot||1|
|James Monroe||58||69||Daniel D. Tompkins||80|
|William Harris Crawford||55||58||Simon Snyder||49|
|Daniel D. Tompkins||16||2|
Federalist party nomination
- Rufus King, U.S. senator and 1810 presidential nominee from New York
The Federalists were so weakened by their opposition to the Anglo-American War that they did not convene a nomination caucus. Instead King stood as a de facto nominee.
In spite of the growing unpopularity of President Madison, Monroe, running on a pledge to bring about an Era of Good Feelings defeated King in a landslide.
|Presidential candidate||Party||Home state||Popular vote||Electoral vote||Running mate||Running mate's home state||Runnig mate's electoral vote|
|James Monroe||Democratic-Republican||Virginia||70,723 (58.1%)||196||Daniel D. Tompkins||New York||196|
|Rufus King||Federalist||New York||51,127 (39.7%)||34|| John E. Howard|
Robert G. Harper
|(unpledged electors)||-||-||1486 (1.2%)||-||-||-||-|